poppy field

Brussels Branch

100 years of the Royal British Legion in Brussels

 

The people and events that shaped our story

By Dennis Abbott

Introduction

The British Legion was created on 15 May 1921, bringing together four ex-servicemen’s associations after the First World War. Its mission today is the same as it was then: providing financial and emotional support to serving members and veterans of Britain’s armed forces and their families, whenever or wherever that help is needed.
After the Legion’s formation, local branches quickly sprang up in Britain and overseas. The Brussels branch, created in May 1922, was one of eight established in Belgium. Antwerp, Ypres, Mons, Ostend, Ghent, Knokke and Alost were the others. Three – Brussels, Antwerp and Ypres – are still going strong today.
Men and women from all walks of life and ages have been part of the Brussels branch since its formation. Come rain or shine, they have organised and attended countless commemorations to honour those who gave their lives for freedom. They have also raised considerable sums through the Poppy Appeal to help those who have suffered physical and mental scars resulting from their service or economic hardship.
In an era when the word “hero” is all-too-easily bestowed, the Brussels branch can take pride in its association with distinguished members such as Battle of Britain pilot Group Captain Peter Townsend CVO DSO DFC, Lieutenant Colonel George Starr DSO MC and Captain Peter Lake MC of the Special Operations Executive, spymaster Captain Norman Dewhurst MCLieutenant General Jean-Baptiste Piron and Colonel Jean Bloch of the Brigade Piron, Major Freddie Townsend OBE of the Royal Marines 30 Assault Unit, Squadron Leader Edward Hearn DFC, Commandant Fernand Delcourt, and Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans of the Belgian Resistance.

Unsung heroes

But the names that often crop up the most in this history are the unsung heroes – the hands-on members and supporters doing the unglamorous but vital organising, visiting, collecting, ferrying, phoning, minute-taking, tea-making, and more.
A full list of those who have served with distinction is impossible but would surely include Horace Field Westmacott, Victor Saxon, George Menhinick, William MacKeown, Charles Haldane, Ernest-William Briscoe, William Parker Wrathall, Lionel Grigson-Page, Léon Gyssels, J.R. Calastreme, Roger Galère, Philip Moore, Paul Maurice, Kenneth H. Ross, Albert Harris, Victor Snutsel, Douglas Cooper, Peter Ashburner, Michael Hunter, Alan Thorniley, Mike Craster, George Lapthorn, Kerry Woodrow, Earle Nicoll, Douglas Harrison, Harry More, Reg Whitburn, Peter Allen, John and Daphné Chotteau, Alf Woodward, Claire Whitfield, Dédée Cooper, Yvonne Sayer, Maureen Van Tiggelen, Simone Nossent, Monette Johnson, Len Oddie, Andrew Fisher, Ed Read Cutting, Paul Boorman, Arthur and Flore Empringham, Michael Rose, Fernand Delcourt, Myriam Wraith, Colin and Brenda Puplett, Alan Puplett, Mark Thomas, Ron Aston, Andrée Ferrant, Ann Morley, Dave Lees, Jean-Pierre Pede, Ethel Pede-Moffatt, Freddy Roiseux, Kate Andrews, John Wilkinson, Darren Bone, Zoe White, Alain Brogniez, Phil Hyde, David Bizley and Steve Grant.
Perhaps no-one better typifies the spirit of dedication than Normandy veteran Eric Johnson, who served as the branch’s Standard Bearer for a remarkable 56 years.
Set against the backdrop of selected landmarks in the history of the Legion, Britain and Belgium, this is the story of the people and the events that shaped the Brussels branch over the course of a century.
We will remember them.

1922-1940


Queen Mary and Belgian Queen Elisabeth with Earl Haig, the Legion's
first President, during the State Visit to Belgium in May 1922.
Image from branch member Rainer Hiltermann's collection

Founding of the Brussels branch

After the end of the First World War, the British community rapidly expanded in booming Brussels. Le Soir reported that “more than 300 subjects of King George who had served in the Great War” were living in the city in 1922.
King George V and Queen Mary, accompanied by Princess Alice, Field Marshal Earl Haig and Admiral of the Fleet Earl Beatty, paid a State visit to the Belgian capital from 8-11 May 1922. Huge crowds greeted the Royal party in what The Times described as a “long roar of welcome”.
Inspired by the Royal visit and the launch of Legion branches in Antwerp and Paris, a group of serving British officers including Major Victor Saxon, Captain Horace Field Westmacott, Captain J. Robson, Captain Needham, Captain Butler and Captain Gladwin Baillie formed the Brussels branch on 17 May 1922. The first general assembly took place at 1 Rue du Bastion (now Square du Bastion).
Captain Westmacott, a military intelligence officer at the British Embassy presented to King George V during his visit to Brussels, was elected as the branch’s first Chairman. He served with the Queens Own (Royal West Kent) Regiment in the First World War, sustaining a serious wound at Hill 60 during the Second Battle of Ypres. He met his Belgian-born wife Andrée Gavage while recovering from his injuries in Switzerland.
His father Lieutenant Colonel Ruscombe F. Westmacott (1848-1925) was aide-de-camp to Major General Sir Henry Clifford VC in the Zulu War. His uncle was Major General Sir Richard Westmacott KCB DSO (1841-1925). The grandson of our founding Chairman, Sir Peter Westmacott GCMG LVO, is Vice-President in the branch’s centenary year.
Major Saxon, mentioned in despatches by Earl Haig during his service as a Private with the 28th (County of London) Battalion (Artists Rifles) and later commissioned into the 2/1st Kent Cyclist Battalion, was elected Vice-Chairman. Captain Robson was Secretary and Captain Butler branch Treasurer.
In 1922, the British Legion expanded in Britain and overseas at the rate of nearly two branches a day, finishing the year with 2,089 branches.

Top: A notice announcing the branch's first meeting in La Dernière Heure.
Captain H.F. Westmacott, the branch's first Chairman, pictured in La Nation Belge, and
members at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, from Le Soir on 5 November 1923

Cross of Sacrifice unveiled

Vice-Chairman Major Victor Saxon and Captain Needham represented the branch at the unveiling of the Cross of Sacrifice at Mons cemetery on 28 May 1922. A large crowd attended the ceremony. Sir Reginald Wingate, former Governor-General of the Sudan and High Commissioner of Egypt, Sir Frederic Kenyon, Director of the British Museum, Major Arthur Ingpen of the Imperial War Graves Commission, Fulgence Masson, Belgian Minister of Justice, and Jean Lescarts, Mayor of Mons, were among the VIPs present.


Lieutenant (later Major) Victor Saxon, standing first left, with the Kent Cyclist Battalion

VIP visitors

The branch’s early meetings were held at the Old Tom Tavern in Chaussée d’Ixelles. The Legion’s first General Secretary, Lieutenant Colonel Edward Heath DSO, and national Vice-President Colonel George R. Crosfield DSO TD, addressed members at the tavern on 14 August 1922. The meeting was followed by a concert.

Sign at the Old Tom Tavern, where the branch met

Plea for unemployed

The Times in London reported on 31 August 1922 that Legion branches in Brussels, Antwerp and Paris were teaming up with Embassy officials and influential members to find jobs for unemployed ex-servicemen. “The melancholy fact remains that the demand far exceeds the supply,” the report noted. It cited General Secretary Edward Heath, just back from visiting branches in Belgium and France, who urged more ex-officers to support the charity “to share the joys and sorrows of the men with whom they were in such close touch in the days of the war”. Colonel Heath, who designed the first Legion standard, also expressed concern over the Legion’s finances. “The public are extraordinarily generous on great occasions, such as November 11,” he said, “but we require a steady income … if we are to accomplish all we have in mind.” One of his concerns was the number of ex-servicemen suffering from tuberculosis.

Banking on a result

The branch had its own football team. La Nation Belge reported on its upcoming fixtures against La Banque Belge pour L’Etranger (described as a “good team”) at FC La Roue Brussels on 16 September 1922 and against Banque d’Outremer at Ixelles Sporting Club the following week.

Tribute to Edith Cavell

The branch was represented at the unveiling of a plaque commemorating nurse Edith Cavell at Christ Church (now Holy Trinity) in Rue Crespel on 26 October 1922. Among those present at the ceremony were British Ambassador Sir George Grahame, Military Attaché Colonel Francis Lyon CB CMG CVO DSO, and George Potts, Chairman of the British Chamber of Commerce in Belgium, who paid tribute to Cavell’s courage during the war. He noted that she was treating a German officer at the moment when she was arrested and taken to prison. Cavell admitted helping allied troops to cross into neutral Netherlands and was executed in Schaerbeek on 12 October 1915.

Burial of the Unknown Soldier

Some 25 uniformed branch members, under the orders of Major V.D.J. Saxon, took part in an immense commemoration to mark the burial of the Unknown Soldier (Soldat Inconnu) in Brussels on 11 November 1922 (film footage). Crowds lined the route of the funeral procession, from Gare du Nord to the Colonne du Congrès. King Albert I, Prince Léopold and Prince Charles accompanied the catafalque carrying the Unknown Soldier’s coffin, followed by hundreds of allied troops, ambassadors, senators, deputies, nurses and others.
The King, joined at the Colonne du Congrès by Queen Elisabeth and Princess Marie-José, placed the Cross of the Order of Léopold and Croix de Guerre on the casket. Field Marshal John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, Commander-in-Chief of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), Général Jean-Marie Degoutte, commander of the Sixth French Army, General Henry Allen, commander of the US 90th Infantry Division, and General Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi, commander of the Italian 1st Army, represented the allied forces.
After the ceremony, in the evening, British Ambassador Sir George Grahame hosted a banquet in honour of Field Marshal French and Sir Richard Squires, Prime Minister of Newfoundland.
The Unknown Soldier was selected from coffins containing the remains of five unidentified soldiers from different battle sites in Belgium. The coffins were taken to a ceremonial room at Bruges railway station where Reinold ‘Raymond’ Haesebrouck, a veteran blinded by shrapnel during the Battle of the Yser, placed a crown of laurel on one of the caskets. The selected coffin was then taken by rail to Brussels, watched by crowds all along the route. Haesebrouck is said to have saved the life of Albert I when he threw himself on the king when a trench he was visiting came under fire. Haesebrouck died on 25 August 1951 in Assebroek, a suburb of Bruges. A park in the city was named after him in 2020.

Top: British contingent marching in the funeral procession
Above: the Belgian Royal Family salute le Soldat Inconnu

First headquarters

On 2 December 1922, the branch opened its first premises at 13 Rue du Berger, Ixelles, with a lunch reception attended by British Ambassador and Honorary President Sir George Grahame, the tallest man in the Diplomatic Service. Other guests included Adolphe Buyl, Mayor of Ixelles, Colonel Francis Lyon, British Military Attaché, Commandant Massol, the French Air Attaché, Captain Rogers, representing the United States, Colonel Maltèse, Italian Military Attaché, George Vaxelaire, Polish Consul-General, and Lieutenant Colonel L. Aerts of the Ypres League. The Ambassador wished the branch “long life and prosperity”, with the members responding with three cheers and “For He’s A Jolly Good Fellow”. Le Soir reported that the inauguration was “simple, rapid and cordial, as all English ceremonies”. In the evening the branch held what it called a “smoking concert”.

Henry Needham

La Libre Belgique reported on 13 January 1923 that British Ambassador and Honorary President Sir George Grahame presented new Military Attaché Colonel Henry Needham CMG DSO to Belgium’s King Albert. Needham was appointed Vice-President of the branch soon after. Colonel (later Major-General) Needham had a long and distinguished military career. He served in the Boer War in 1899-1900, on the Western Front in 1914-15, with the 28th Division in Salonika and with IX Corps in Egypt. He was attached to the American Staff College at Langres, France, from June to September 1918, and with the North Russian Expeditionary Force based at Murmansk and Archangel from September 1918 to October 1919. He was commanding officer of the 4th Battalion, Worcester Regiment between 1921 and 1922. Colonel Needham also served as Military Attaché to Paris between 1927 and 1931. He later served as Major-General of Bombay District between 1931-35 and liaison offer with the Belgian Army in 1940. He was wounded during the Second World War. He died in 1965, aged 89.

La Fête de la British Légion

In an article titled “La Fête de la British Légion”, Le Soir reported on the “extraordinary success” of a performance of The Rest Cure by Gertrude E. Jennings, and Billeted by Fryn Tennyson Jesse and Harold Harwood, at the Théâtre du Marais on 5 February 1923. The cast, composed of members and supporters of the branch, gave a show “worthy of great artists”, according to the paper. The cast included Mrs J.F. Turner, Mrs V.D.J. Saxon, Miss Billie Webb, Miss Murielle Langley, Miss Joy Clayton, Mrs Graham, Captain Charles Graham, Major V.D.J. Saxon, Captain C.G. Graves and Mr E.E. Bale.
In the audience were Lieutenant Général Count André de Jonghe d’Ardoye, representing King Albert, Adolphe Buyl, Mayor of Ixelles, Fernand Demets, Mayor of Anderlecht, and Colonel Henry Needham, British Military Attaché and branch Vice-President, among others.

Visit of The Prince of Wales

The Prince of Wales and future Edward VIII met branch members during a visit to Brussels on 28 April 1923. By all accounts, it was an unforgettable occasion.
After earlier unveiling the British Memorial (Monument de la reconnaissance britannique) in Rue des Quatre Bras and laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, the Prince visited the Hôtel de Ville before arriving at the branch HQ in Rue du Berger at 3.40pm. He was accompanied by Field Marshal Earl Haig, Rear-Admiral Sir Lionel Helsey, British Ambassador Sir George Grahame, and Lieutenant Général Count André de Jonghe d’Ardoye.
In the words of The Times, the Prince was “a comrade among comrades” and “tumultuously greeted in a big room cosy with tobacco smoke”.
Welcomed by branch President Colonel Henry Needham and Chairman Captain H.F. Westmacott, the Prince was introduced to the committee and then greeted each of the 200 members present with a “vigorous handshake”, according to reports. They responded with “Hip Hip Hurrah” and “For He’s A Jolly Good Fellow”. Seeing photographers present, the Prince gathered the members around him to capture the moment for posterity.
Earl Haig struck up a conversation with a veteran wearing the Victoria Cross, the highest distinction for bravery. “I am proud to be able to shake your hand,” said the Field Marshal, who was one of the founders of the British Legion and its President until his death in 1928.
Among the other dignitaries present were Adolphe Buyl, Mayor of Ixelles, Fernand Demets, Mayor of Anderlecht and President of the Amicale des Officiers Belges, Commandant Massol, the French Air Attaché, and Captain Count Bernard de La Forest Divonne.
The Journal De Bruxelles described the Royal reception as “a triumph that the Prince would remember for a long time and that the members of the British Legion would talk about for the rest of their lives”.
After the visit, the Prince of Wales took tea with Prince Victor Napoleon and his wife Princess Clémentine of Belgium, before attending a Royal banquet at the Palace hosted by King Albert and Queen Elisabeth. He left Brussels the following morning for a visit to the battlefields around Ypres.


Top: the Prince of Wales and Field Marshal Haig visiting the branch
on 28 April 1923 (image from branch archives).
Below: Unveiling of the British Memorial (Rainer Hiltermann collection)


Prince’s speech

The Prince of Wales highlighted his trip to Belgium in a speech at the annual conference of the British Legion in London on 20 May 1923. “Recently with Lord Haig I have visited a branch of the Legion in Brussels,” he said, “and since then I have realised the fact that our branches in the big foreign cities are fast becoming the focus of British life and enterprise.”

FIDAC congress

Branch Chairman Captain H.F. Westmacott attended the second annual congress of FIDAC (Fédération Interalliée Des Anciens Combattants / Interallied Veterans’ Federation), which took place in Brussels from 1-8 September 1923. The British delegation was led by Colonel George R. Crosfield DSO TD, Vice-President of FIDAC and Vice-President of the Legion. Crosfield commanded the 14th South Lancashire Regiment, the 2nd Suffolk Regiment and the 10th Royal Welsh Fusiliers in the First World War. Despite losing a leg at the Battle of St Eloi Craters, he went on to command the 7th Reserve Battalion of the King’s Liverpool Regiment before being commissioned as an observer in the Royal Air Force in 1918. After the Armistice, he joined the Comrades of the Great War but, recognising the need for a national ex-servicemen’s league, helped persuade its members to merge with the British Legion. He was President of FIDAC from 1925-26. The British delegation to the congress also included Major General Arthur Sandbach, Liverpool MP Major Brunel Cohen and Captain William Appleby, a member of the national executive committee left blind from his injuries during the war. Cohen, an amputee who was severely wounded at the Third Battle of Ypres, served as the Legion’s national Honorary Treasurer from 1921-30, Vice-Chairman from 1930-1932, and again as Honorary Treasurer until 1946.

Journée de la Reconnaissance

Captain H.F. Westmacott and a delegation of branch members took part in a commemoration at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier to mark Armistice Day on 11 November 1923. 15,000 disabled ex-servicemen from all over Belgium were present. Adolphe Max, Mayor of Brussels, urged citizens to show their gratitude for the men’s sacrifice by welcoming them to their tables as part of the “Journée de la Reconnaissance”.

Fund-raiser

The English Comedy Club gave a performance of the James Montgomery play Nothing But the Truth on 7 December 1923 at the Théâtre Communal. The show, much appreciated by an audience which included the Ambassadors of Britain and Spain, raised funds for the Brussels branch of the Legion and the Victoria Institute.  

What Every Woman Knows

The branch organised a performance of J.M. Barrie’s play What Every Woman Knows at the Théâtre du Marais on 3 March 1924. Held under the patronage of Queen Elisabeth, the evening raised funds for charitable works by the Queen and the British community. The cast, with Major V.D.J. Saxon in the lead role, included Mrs V.D.J. Saxon, Mary Butler, Marjorie Larkin, Major H. Johnson, John Turner, R. Walker, Captain Taunton and J.B. Murray. The performance ended with a rousing rendition of God Save The King, followed by dancing. Tickets were available from W.H. Smith & Son, 78 rue du Marché aux Herbes, the Westminster Foreign Bank, 2-4 rue Treurenberg, and the British Chamber of Commerce, 440 rue du Trône.

Household Cavalry memorial

Captain H.F. Westmacott represented the branch at the inauguration of the Household Cavalry memorial at Zandvoorde on 4 May 1924. Nearly 300 men from the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, as well as the Horse Guards, fought to the last man as they were over-powered during a fierce German attack on the village on 30 October 1914. The monument was unveiled by Field Marshal Earl Haig. Baron Léon Janssens de Bisthoven, Governor of West Flanders, Général-Major O. Préaux, Commandant of West Flanders, René Colaert, Mayor of Ypres, and Colonel Henry Needham, British Military Attaché, also attended the ceremony.

Royal Irish tributes

Branch Chairman Captain H.F. Westmacott, accompanied by the Chairman of Antwerp branch and representative of the Imperial War Graves Commission in Brussels, took part in ceremonies at the cemeteries of Mons and Saint Symphorien on 24 August 1924. They also placed wreaths on monuments to the 2nd Battalion Royal Irish Regiment at La Bascule and 5th Royal Irish Lancers at the Hôtel de Ville in Mons.

Graveside guard

The Times reported that Captain H.F. Westmacott laid a “magnificent” wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier to mark Armistice Day in Brussels on 11 November 1924. “Officers who took part in the war mounted guard at the graveside from 7am til 8 in the evening. At 11am, the one minute’s silence was announced by the firing of a gun, and all trains and trams were brought to a standstill,” the report stated. In the evening, the “British colony” gave a ball at the Palais d’Egmont, attended by British Ambassador Sir George Grahame.

Royal gala

On 5 March 1925, Belgian King Albert I and Queen Elisabeth attended a gala evening organised by the branch’s drama club at the Théâtre Royal du Parc. The highlight was a performance of Secrete, a play by Rudolf Besier and May Edginton. Prime Minister Georges Theunis attended the second performance on 6 March.

Vive la France 

Branch Chairman Major H.F. Westmacott took part in a banquet held by the Society of French officers in Belgium on 28 March 1925. Toasting his hosts, Major Westmacott said British officers would always be proud to fight alongside their French counterparts. The guests included Colonel (later General and Baron) Victor van Strydonck, who commanded the last cavalry charge in western Europe on 19 October 1918 and formed the Free Belgian Forces in Britain in 1940.

Field Marshal Lord Plumer takes the salute at Menin Gate inauguration

Menin Gate inauguration

The Menin Gate in Ypres (Ieper), commemorating 55,000 British and Commonwealth soldiers lost with no known grave in western Flanders, was inaugurated on 24 July 1927 by Field Marshal Lord Plumer. King Albert I and General Ferdinand Foch were among the dignitaries present for the ceremony, watched by a large contingent of veterans, relatives of the missing and local people. Buglers from the Somerset Light Infantry sounded the Last Post and pipers from the Scots Guards, on the ramparts, played a lament.

Cercle Gaulois welcomes Irish veterans

Veterans of the 16th (Irish) Division gathered in Brussels on 24 August 1926 after the inauguration of a monument commemorating their capture of Wytschaete during the Battle of Messines in 1917. Major H.F. Westmacott represented the branch at a reception hosted by Le Cercle Gaulois. The Irish delegation included Colonel Sir Robert Tate, a Professor at Trinity College, and Colonel Sir William Taylor CB KBE, chair of the Royal College of Surgeons in Dublin.
The Cercle Gaulois’ elegant headquarters, located in the royal park behind the théâtre royal, provided accommodation for German troops stationed in Brussels during the First World War. Napoleon Bonaparte and his wife Joséphine were also previous guests.


The Cercle Gaulois and royal park were popular with German troops
in Brussels during the First World War. Images: Rainer Hiltermann

Visit of ‘Old Contemptibles’ 

Major H.F. Westmacott and Freddy Vandewiele, President of the Fédération Nationale des Combattants (FNC), greeted 225 British veterans at Gare du Nord on 10 November 1927. The group of Old Contemptibles, as members of the 1914 British Expeditionary Force were known (Kaiser Wilhelm II described them as a “contemptible little army”), were visiting Belgium for a battlefield pilgrimage. The party included three recipients of the Victoria Cross.

Last Post

The first regular sounding of Last Post took place on 1 July 1928 at the Menin Gate. Pierre van den Braambussche, chief police commissioner of Ypres, originated the idea for a ceremony every evening and called for volunteers from the fire brigade. A daily ceremony took place initially for four months and was reinstated in spring 1929 when the Brussels and Antwerp branches of the Legion donated four silver bugles.
From 11 November 1929, the Last Post has been sounded every night except during the German occupation in the Second World War. The bugles were replaced in 1992. Eight new bugles were presented to the Last Post Association by the Royal British Legion in July 2007. During the Covid lockdowns in 2020-21, a lone bugler sounded the Last Post.

The Great Pilgrimage

Major Brunel Cohen MP, a wartime amputee and the Legion’s national treasurer, laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Brussels on 4 August 1928, the anniversary of the German invasion of Belgium in 1914. The commemoration was part of “The Great Pilgrimage”, organised by the Legion and British Empire Service League to enable veterans and widows to visit the battlefields of Flanders and northern France. Cohen described the Brussels ceremony in 'The Story of an Epic Pilgrimage', an original copy of which is held by the Royal Library of Belgium.
The MP and his 25-strong delegation were welcomed by branch members and General Pierret, representing the Minister of National Defence. After a delay due to heavy rain, the procession set off from the Hôtel des Invalides. The band of the 9th Regiment of the Line played La Brabançonne, Gloire aux héros and God Save The King on muted instruments.
Speaking at the Tomb, Major Cohen said: “I place this wreath as a tribute to the glorious dead of Belgium, from the ex-servicemen of Great Britain, the British Legion. So long as this monument stands, their memory will live. So long as the power of speech remains, their heroism shall be told. So long as history is written, their fortitude shall be recorded. Those whose bodies lie on the field of battle, and whose memories will be kept ever green here, have joined that band of immortals, who, placing sacrifice before self, consider themselves well paid in having an opportunity to die for their country.”
In his report of the event, Cohen added that the visit reaffirmed the friendship which had always existed with Belgium but, presciently, warned that while there was “so much talk of peace … in certain parts of Europe the flame of war is by no means extinguished”.
The members of the Brussels delegation included representatives from the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa. Major General Sir William Hickie KCB, commander of the 16th (Irish) Division on the western front, Dame Florence Simpson DBE, the senior female British officer during the war, Corporal Arthur Hutt VC, Robert Scott VC, Alfred Dobell DCM MM, Captain R.A. Taunton MC VD, late 27th Winnipeg Battalion, were among the group. Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull-Hugessen, counsellor – and future Ambassador to Belgium – represented the British Embassy.


Major Brunel Cohen laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown
Soldier and the commemorative book produced by the Legion 

Prince at Menin Gate

A grand remembrance ceremony was held at the Menin Gate on 8 August 1928 at the end of the Great Pilgrimage. The commemorations began with the laying of a wreath by the Prince of Wales (the future Edward VIII), followed by a service led by the Most Reverend Cosmo Lang, Archbishop of York, and Dr Alfred Jarvis, Chaplain-General to the British Army. Some 11,000 veterans and widows took part in the march-past, reviewed by Earl Jellicoe, the former Admiral of the Fleet who succeeded Earl Haig as President of the Legion, Marshal Philippe Pétain, Prince Charles of Belgium, Lady Dorothy Haig, widow of Earl Haig, and Major-General Sir Frederick Maurice (President of the Legion from 1932 to 1947). Colonel George R. Crosfield, Chairman of the Legion, re-lit the flame of remembrance at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.


Prince's message to the Legion's 'pilgrims'

Lord Mayor’s visit

Lord Mayor of London Sir Charles Batho laid flowers at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and British Memorial during a visit to Brussels by a delegation of business leaders on 23 August 1928. The party also stopped at the Cathedral to see the tablet commemorating Britain’s war dead. The branch was represented at a dinner hosted by Brussels Mayor Adolphe Max in the gothic hall of the Hôtel de Ville. Among the guests were Belgium’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Paul Hymans, Ambassador to the UK Baron Emile de Cartier de Marchienne, and the British Ambassador Sir George Grahame.

John Brown and Mémorial Interallié

A British Legion delegation comprising of 48 disabled ex-servicemen visited Belgium from 4-8 September 1928. Led by Colonel (later Major-General) John Brown CBE DSO who served as chairman of the British Legion from 1930-34, the group visited Antwerp, Liège, the fort of Loncin, Namur, Spa, Verviers and Brussels. They were honoured in every town and city, garlanded with flowers by local children and greatly moved by the welcome they received. In Liège, Col Brown was invited to an earth-digging ceremony at Cointe on the site of the future Mémorial Interallié, built with the support of donations from all the allied countries. “This is a supreme honour for the British Legion,” he declared. Representatives of Belgium, France and Italy then took their turn.
The group, hosted by branch members in Brussels, were accompanied by chargé d'affaires Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen and military attaché Lieutenant Colonel Cyril Daubney to a reception at the Royal Palace on 6 September. They sat for a photograph with King Albert and Queen Elisabeth, together with their daughter, Princess Marie-José, who was educated in Britain and later became the last Queen of Italy. Adolphe Max, Mayor of Brussels, hosted a lunch banquet at the Hôtel de Ville, before the men visited the Senate and enjoyed a party at the Waux-Hall.
The following day, Princess Marie-Louise de Mérode, known as “la maman des invalides de guerre” and chair of the committee responsible for the Mémorial Interallié, presided over a lunch at the Laiterie in the Bois de Cambre. She paid warm tribute to the men’s patriotism and energy. Captain Shaw thanked the Princess on behalf of the visitors and, amid applause, pinned the insignia of the British Legion to her dress and presented another insignia to Lieutenant Léon Heusschen, a Belgian wartime amputee. The group were later invited to a garden party at the Lion Mound on the battlefield of Waterloo.
The Mémorial Interallié at Cointe became the centre of controversy in March 2023 over plans to turn the memorial church into a restaurant and climbing wall.


Top: Col Brown and Legion members at earth-digging ceremony
and in uniform, artists' impression of the future Mémorial Interallié,
Legion members with the King, Queen and Princess. Images: Le Soir, La Meuse 

Barman wanted

On 14 March 1929 Le Soir carried an advertisement from the Brussels branch of the Legion for a barman at its headquarters (“connaissance anglaise nécessaire”), with references to be sent to L.R. Gyssels, 100 ave Ducpétiaux.

Chairman George

New Chairman Lieutenant George Menhinick RNVR represented the branch at the first annual meeting of the commercial circle of ex-officers on 7 December 1929. L’Indépendance Belge commented that the same spirit of comradeship and brotherhood among those who were officers and now occupied positions in the business world was evident to all at the event in the garrison officers’ mess.

Wedding gift

Legion members sent a silver-framed photograph to Princess Marie-José as a wedding gift following her marriage to Crown Prince Umberto of Italy on 8 January 1930. The photograph was a memento of their September 1928 meeting with the Princess in Brussels. Marie-José, the last Queen of Italy, died on 27 January 2001, aged 94.


Princess Marie-José

Mac in charge

Captain William MacKeown took over as Chairman in 1930 and was invited to represent the branch at the second annual meeting of the commercial circle of ex-officers on 3 December 1930. Guests at the event, hosted by Henri de Saedeleer, included Lieutenant General Baron Herman Baltia and Roger Marie d’Avigneau, Secretary-General of FIDAC.

Royal Charter

The Brussels branch was incorporated by Belgian Royal Charter (No. 0408.497.187) as a non-profit association on 26 August 1931. The official document was signed by new branch Chairman Lieutenant Colonel Charles Haldane CMG DSO, former commanding officer of the 2nd Battalion, 7th Gurkha Rifles, George Menhinick, company director and former chairman, Ernest Cuthbert, newsagent, and James Edward Watson, accountant.
Colonel Haldane was awarded the CMG (Companionship of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George) for leading a lightning raid against Turkish forces at Tor on the Sinai Peninsula on 12 February 1915. The enemy lost nearly 100 men in the dawn attack and Haldane’s men returned with more than 100 prisoners, including a major, and 20 camels. Haldane’s war record was blemished, however, by a costly defeat at the first Battle of Ramadi (8-13 July 1917) during the Mesopotamian campaign in what is now Iraq.

Ex-officers’ meeting

Chairman Lieutenant Colonel Charles Haldane represented the branch at the annual meeting of the commercial circle of ex-officers on 2 December 1931. The attendees included Count Charles de Romrée de Vichenet, representing the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Belgian Defence Minister Léon Dens – who was killed in 1940 during the Blitz when the Belgian government in exile was based in London.

King’s tribute

A framed photograph offered to the branch by King Albert was erected at the headquarters during a ceremony hosted by Lieutenant Colonel Charles Haldane on 23 February 1932. Among those present were General Raoul Pontus, chairman of the Belgian section of FIDAC, and British Military Attaché Major William Fraser DSO MC.


Haig House hosted visitors until the Second World War

Haig House

Haig House in Ypres, presented to the Legion by Major Brunel Cohen MP, opened on 28 April 1932. The Times correspondent in Brussels reported that Cohen acquired the building with the idea of making it a place of rest for ex-servicemen and their families during pilgrimages to the battlefields. The house stood in Rue Courte de Thourout (Korte Torhoutstraat). One side of the house was painted with a huge advertisement that read: British Legion. Visit Haig House Ypres. Corner of Grand Place. For information & "Haig" poppy wreaths. Luncheons, teas, etc. Tel 151 Britlegion Ypres. The Legion paid for a steward and his family to host visitors until the Second World War. The advert, hidden under a billboard for 73 years, was exposed again in 2013 and the then Flemish Minister for Heritage, Geert Bourgeois, had the wall protected. It was repainted in 2020.

Volunteers’ sacrifice

Captain William MacKeown represented the branch at a reception organised by the National Federation of War Volunteers on 3 July 1932 to honour the sacrifice of Belgians who joined up in 1914. Some 13,000 fell on the “field of honour”. Captain MacKeown’s speech was greeted with a spontaneous rendition of “God Save The King”.

Amicale 1914-18

The Amicale des officiers de la campagne 1914-18 held their annual Armistice dinner on 11 November 1932, hosted by Count Adrien Vander Burch. Branch President Lieutenant Colonel Haldane represented the Legion.

Mars et Mercure

Lieutenant Colonel Haldane was a guest at the annual banquet of the ex-officers’ business association, now known as “Mars et Mercure”, on 7 December 1932.

Anderlecht match 

British and Belgian veterans played a keenly contested football match at Anderlecht’s stadium on 17 December 1932, in front of a large crowd. A wreath was laid before kick-off in memory of the Anderlecht players who did not return from the war. The game ended in a 2-1 victory for the “home” team. British Ambassador Lord Granville GCMG GCVO PC and branch Chairman Lieutenant Colonel Haldane were among the spectators.

Nurses honoured

Chairman Lieutenant Colonel Haldane and Captain William MacKeown took part in a ceremony at Uccle on 26 March 1933 to honour the dedication of nursing staff during the First World War. A marble memorial was unveiled at the Institut de Deux Alice by Baron de Rosée, President of the 13th Field Artillery Regiment’s old comrades association, and Countess Maria van den Steen de Jehay, who ran the “Elisabeth Hospital” at the château D’Hondt in Poperinge. By the end of the war the hospital was so badly damaged it had to be demolished. Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma and his brother Prince Xavier of Bourbon-Parma, who both served in the Belgian army during the war, were among the dignitaries present. Sixtus and Xavier were involved in failed peace talks with their brother-in-law, Austrian Emperor Charles I, in 1917. Xavier also served in the Belgian Army in 1940 and was a pretender to the Spanish throne.    

Battlefield sites

Following an appeal by the British Legion, the Belgian government agreed to preserve First World War battlefield sites. According to a report in Le Soir on 7 April 1933, the sites would include Essex Farm, the craters left by mines detonated at Wytschaete-Messines, Triangle Farm (Battle of Langemarck), and Ploegsteert Wood, as well various pill-boxes, bunkers and other positions from which the British troops displayed “bravery without equal”.

Free cigarettes!

Captain William MacKeown represented the branch at a banquet to mark the IX Congrès de Sous-Officiers on 7 May 1933. The guest of honour was Albert Devèze, Minister of Defence. L’Etoile Belge reported that, at the end of the banquet, each guest had a “Cigarette Laurens” at their lips.

Stumped

The annual cricket match between the British Legion and Brussels British Sports Club took place at the Royal Racing Club in Uccle on 21 July 1934. We’re stumped for the result!


The British Legion delegation meets Hitler in Berlin

Meeting Hitler

The Legion’s role in diplomatic efforts to promote peace and internationalism in the 1930s received considerable attention at the time. Belgian media reported on a visit to Berlin on 15 July 1935 by national Chairman Major (later Brigadier) Francis Fetherston-Godley OBE and a delegation including Colonel George Crosfield, Major Brunel Cohen and Captain Melville A. Hawes, Naval Attaché in Berlin from 1929-33. They met Adolf Hitler, his deputy Rudolf Hess, Luftwaffe commander Hermann Göring, SS chief Heinrich Himmler, and Reich Ambassador Joachim Van Ribbentrop (video). They also visited Dachau concentration camp. The contacts were endorsed by the Legion’s patron, the Prince of Wales, who told its annual conference in June: “There could be no more suitable body or organisation of men to stretch forth the hand of friendship to the Germans than we ex-servicemen who fought them in the Great War.” After returning from Berlin, Fetherston-Godley told the Legion’s Executive Council: “The delegates were in no way concerned with the general methods in force in Germany; such things, being political, were none of their business.”

Return of FIDAC

From 2-5 September 1935 the branch was represented when Brussels again hosted the annual congress of FIDAC (Interallied Veterans’ Federation). Following meetings with ex-service organisations in Germany, Austria and Hungary, the British Legion proposed to allow former enemies to join the body and to change its name, but this was rejected, with France and Belgium strongly opposed. Instead, the conference voted unanimously for a resolution instructing the executive committee to establish contacts with ex-servicemen of all nations “to assure the peace of the world”.
FIDAC hosted an annual shooting contest at the Tir National range in Brussels and erected a memorial in Liège in 1938. The organisation folded after the outbreak of the Second World War but its work was continued by the World Veterans Federation, founded in 1950. The Royal British Legion is a member of the WVF.

Chairman Briscoe

New branch Chairman Captain Ernest-William Briscoe joined British Ambassador Sir Esmond OveyField Marshal Lord Milne, former Chief of the Imperial General Staff, and Colonel Frank Higginson, Deputy Controller of the Imperial War Graves Commission in central Europe, at a commemoration in Mons on 3 November 1935. The event was attended by Prince Charles, Count of Flanders, brother of King Leopold III, and Albert Devèze, Belgium’s Minister of Defence.

Death of George V

Branch members and ex-servicemen took part in memorial service at the Anglican Church in Brussels on 2 February 1936 following the death of King George V at Sandringham. British Ambassador Sir Esmond Ovey and Lady Ovey, together with detachments of boy scouts and girl guides, also attended the service. The King was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward VIII, who abdicated in December the same year to marry American divorcé Wallis Simpson.    

Farewell to Cavell’s friend

The Brussels branch was strongly represented on 10 February 1936 at the funeral of Ada Bodart, who helped smuggle British soldiers out of Belgium during the First World War. Court-martialed with her friends, the British nurse Edith Cavell and Brussels architect Philippe Baucq, Bodart was initially condemned to death but her sentence was later commuted to penal servitude. Bodart, known as the “godmother of the Old Contemptibles”, portrayed herself in Dawn, a 1928 film featuring Sybil Thorndike as Cavell. Austen Chamberlain, then British foreign minister, felt the film promoted anti-German sentiment and refused to see it, prompting Bodart to return her OBE and give up her British pension.

Cabaret night

Chairman Captain Ernest-William Briscoe represented the branch at a banquet organised by the ‘Amicale des Anciens Combattants de la Bourse de Bruxelles’ on 7 November 1936. The dinner, which followed a ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, was held in the headquarters of the Royal Veterans Union (Union des Fraternelles de l’Armée de Campagne, UFAC). Entertainment was provided by dancers from the Cabaret Gaity, as well as Mlle Lodilla, M. Bervyl, M. Delhez and Jenny Hienny – a “perfect pianist”, according to a report in La Nation Belge.

Return of ‘Old Contemptibles’

Captain Ernest-William Briscoe and Colonel Dutrieux, commandant of the 1er Régiment of Défense Terrestre contre Aéronefs (land defence against aircraft), greeted 36 British veterans at Gare du Nord on 9 November 1936. The “Old Contemptibles” paid their respects at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, at the grave of their patron Ada Bodart in Evere and left flowers in memory of Edith Cavell at St Gilles Prison. They were hosted at the British Garrison officers’ mess. A banquet in the veterans’ honour was attended by branch members including Captain Briscoe, Major William Parker Wrathall, Captain Charles Collins and Captain Drew Clifton.

Top: The 'Old Contemptibles' with Colonel Dutrieux (La Nation Belge)
Below: At the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Le Soir)

Tribute to Marshal

Chairman Captain Ernest-William Briscoe was among the guests at a screening of Foch, a film dedicated to the French Marshal, on 5 March 1937. The film by Emile Buhot was shown at Le Scala cinema in Place de Brouckère under the patronage of the branch and other veteran associations. British Ambassador Sir Esmond Ovey, French Ambassador Jules Laroche and Lieutenant General Maurice Gillieaux, representing King Léopold III, were in the audience.

Meeting Mussolini

La Libre Belgique reported on a meeting in Rome on 15 April 1937 between Benito Mussolini and Legion national Chairman Major Francis Fetherstone-Godley, who urged the Italian leader to overcome strains in the relationship between Britain and its Great War ally.

Welcome Ambassador

Chairman Captain Ernest-William Briscoe was a guest at a dinner on 7 October 1937 hosted by fellow branch member and Chairman of the British Chamber of Commerce, Major William Parker Wrathall DSO MC, in honour of the new Ambassador to Belgium, Sir Robert Clive.

Major W.P. Wrathall DSO MC

Veterans visit 

Captain Ernest-William Briscoe and Major William Parker Wrathall led a delegation of branch members welcoming British veterans on a visit to Brussels on 8 November 1937. Julia Lemonnier, widow of Baron Maurice Lemonnier, the former MP and Mayor of Brussels deported to Germany in the First World War, hosted a dinner for the veterans. On 9 November, Sgt Major Larmer, leading the group, laid a poppy wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The party visited the Tir National, site of Edith Cavell’s execution, and the Royal Crypt at Laeken to pay their respects at the tombs of King Albert and Queen Astrid.

Hot shots

The British Legion team won the annual shooting competition at the Tir National for veterans from countries affiliated to FIDAC on 13 November 1937. The American Legion came second, with the Belgian veterans third.

Cercle Royal Gaulois

The branch hosted its traditional visit from members of the Cercle Royal Gaulois on 5 April 1938. The branch was represented by Chairman Captain Ernest-William Briscoe, Major William Parker Wrathall, Captain Charles Battersby (secretary), the Reverend Philip Moore (chaplain), the Reverend F. Devereux and Captain Charles Collins. The visiting delegation was led by Louis Lagasse de Locht, Director-General of the Belgian Ministry of Labour.

Red card in Brussels

Efforts to promote peaceful relations with Hitler’s Germany were not restricted to military associations. On 14 May 1938 some 115,000 spectators packed into Berlin’s Olympic Stadium for an international friendly between Germany and England. The home team gave the Nazi salute – and the England players followed suit, on the orders of the Football Association and Foreign Office. Stanley Matthews, the Cristiano Ronaldo of his day, later claimed that “all the England players were livid and totally opposed to this”. England won the match 6-3. During the Second World War, Matthews served in the Royal Air Force. While famously never booked on the pitch, Matthews got the red card from the RAF’s Special Investigation Branch when he was caught trying to sell black market coffee during a visit to Brussels for a friendly match in March 1945. He was arrested with his accomplice, fellow England international Stan Mortensen, but the matter was quietly kept under wraps until 2010.


Sir Stanley Matthews monument in Stoke-On-Trent
Image: Basher Eyre, Creative Commons

General at Berchtesgaden 

The Brussels media featured extensive coverage of a meeting at Berchtesgaden on 5 August 1938 between Adolf Hitler and General Ian Hamilton, President of the Legion’s Scottish section and commander of the ill-fated Mediterranean Expeditionary Force in the Gallipoli campaign, who was accompanied by First World War veterans. The mission sought to promote peace among the “brotherhood of the trenches”.

Legion police force

Following the “peace for our time” Munich Agreement on 30 September 1938, allowing Germany to annex the Sudetenland, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain proposed the creation of a British Legion Volunteer Police Force to help keep peace in the Czech region, where a referendum was due to be held. The 1,000 strong unarmed force, commanded by national Chairman Major Sir Francis Fetherston-Godley, was formed on 6 October 1935 but disbanded 10 days later when the referendum was cancelled. Only three members of the force travelled to Prague in an advance party that flew via Brussels. 

Reception for ‘Old Contemptibles’

Brussels hosted a third visit by veterans from the “Old Contemptibles” on 8-9 November 1938. Major William Parker Wrathall, Captain Ernest-William Briscoe and the Reverend Philip Moore represented the Legion at a dinner hosted by Major-aviateur Marcel-Louis Marchal and Louis Lagasse de Locht, chair of the reception committee. VIP guests included Princess Marie-Louise de Mérode and Baronne Julia Lemonnier, widow of the former Mayor of Brussels. 9 November 1938 would later be remembered for the infamous Nazi Kristallnacht when scores of Jews were murdered during attacks on homes, stores and synagogues across Germany.

Russian aid

Captain Ernest-William Briscoe represented the branch at a gala performance at the Palais des Beaux Arts on 3 December 1938 in aid of the Union des Invalides and disabled Russian veterans resident in Belgium.

Grenadier Guards

The branch welcomed a 150-strong delegation of the Grenadier Guards Comrades Association to Brussels on 8 April 1939. The guards, cheered by large numbers of the public and described in Le Soir as “tous de grands et beaux types”, paid their respects at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and British memorial, executing the commands “avec la minutie et la précision caractéristique des Tommies”. Lieutenant Colonel Charles Britten MC, commanding officer of the Grenadier Guards, also laid a poppy wreath at the Prince Albert Barracks.
New branch Chairman Major William Parker Wrathall DSO MC, a First World War veteran in the Royal Highlanders, Captain Ernest-William Briscoe, former branch Chairman, Lloyd Evans and a Mr Deeks represented the British Legion. Colonel André Van Sprang, commanding officer of the Belgian 1st Regiment of Grenadiers, hosted a “lunch of honour” for the visitors, who included British Military Attaché Lieutenant Colonel Blake.


Branch Chairman W.P. Wrathall, third left (La Libre Belgique)

Etterbeek ceremony 

Branch members took part in a ceremony organised by Belgian veterans from the Army of the Rhine (F.A.A.R) on the Place Du Roi Vainqueur, Etterbeek, on 11 June 1939. The British Legion was represented by Major William Parker Wrathall, who was joined by his French counterpart, Maxime Gaston.

Casteau memorial

Branch members took part in a ceremony on 20 August 1939 at Casteau, Mons, commemorating where the first artillery shell was fired at the start of the First World War 25 years earlier. Corporal Ernest Thomas MM of the 4th (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards fired the shot at 7am on 22 August 1914. He was reportedly the first British soldier since 1815 to fire his weapon in anger at an enemy on the European continent. The British contingent at the ceremony was led by Brigadier General R.L. Mullens CB DSO, who commanded the original attack, Major Charles Hornby DSO, who led a cavalry charge against German lancers, and British Military Attaché Lieutenant Colonel Blake. Sadly, Thomas himself died a few months before the commemoration. Lieutenant-Général Paul-Louis-Henri Termonia, head of Belgium’s civil defence, represented King Leopold III.
Within a fortnight, Britain was at war again after Hitler’s invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939.

1940-1945

Death of Chairman

The branch was sad to learn of the untimely death of former Chairman Captain Ernest-William Briscoe in Uccle on 17 February 1940. Aged just 51, Briscoe was also Chairman of the British Chamber of Commerce in Belgium and Director of the Lloyds and National Provincial Foreign Bank in Brussels.


Notice in Le Soir

Green Legion

La Libre Belgique reported on 17 April 1940 that British Legion members and scouts in Britain were joining forces to collect old newspapers and books for recycling. Proof that the Legion was a green pioneer!

The Hidden Standard

Belgium was forced to surrender on 28 May 1940 after 18 days of bitter fighting ended in the country’s occupation by enemy forces and the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) from Dunkirk. Thousands of Belgian troops were held as prisoners of war and a German military administration under General Alexander von Falkenhausen was established. The Brussels branch – all Belgian nationals by then – kept the British Legion standard safely under wraps for more than four years.

Creation of the Free Belgian Forces

General Victor van Strydonck de Burkel and Emile de Cartier de Marchienne, the country’s Ambassador to the UK, launched the Free Belgian Forces at Tenby camp in Wales on 28 May 1940. Initially responsible for assembling Belgian troops in France, van Strydonck escaped from burning wreckage when his convoy was hit by panzers near Abbeville on 21 May. He made it to Boulogne, crossing the Channel to Dover and arriving in London on 23 May. After a meeting two days later with De Cartier and Henri Denis, Belgium’s Minister of Defence, van Strydonck took charge of the Belgian forces in Britain.
By July 1940, Tenby camp numbered more than 450 troops and within six months had doubled in size. At the end of October, a Belgian government in exile formed in London and van Strydonck was officially made Commander in Chief of the Free Belgian Forces. Major (later General) Charles Cumont, Belgium’s former Deputy Military Attaché in London, commanded the 1st Battalion from October 1940 until September 1942. He was succeeded by Major (later General) Jean-Baptiste Piron, who subsequently took command of the 1st Belgian Infantry Brigade after its formation in January 1943.
While modest at the start, the formation of the Free Belgian Forces, swelled by 57 fusilier battalions after the liberation, helped ensure that the country was on the winning side in the war and formed the core of the post-war Belgian army.


Top: General van Strydonck de Burkel inspects Free Belgian Forces
Below: Maj (later General) Charles Cumont commanded the 1st Battalion 

Support for Jewish refugees 

Belgian newspapers published a controversial interview on 18 March 1941 with Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Lane, author of The Alien Menace and a member of the Imperial Fascist League. In the piece, entitled “Les Juifs s’enrichissent de l’argent de la British Légion”, Lane alleged that funds raised by the Legion’s Poppy Appeal were being used to support Jewish refugees. Today, the Legion’s prescient action, at a time when most were unaware of the unfolding horror of the Holocaust, would be a cause for congratulation.

Left: Flemish recruitment poster and Léon Degrelle of the Légion Wallonie

Belgium’s far-right

Germany invaded the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941 (Operation Barbarossa). Far-right groups in Belgium who shared the Nazis’ anti-semitic and anti-communist ideology quickly set about forming military units to fight alongside German forces on the Eastern Front. The Flemish National League (Vlaamsch Nationaal Verbond, VNV), regarded as fellow “Nordics” by the Germans, formed the Flemish Legion (Vlaams Legioen). More than 400 volunteers assembled at the Palais des Beaux Arts on 6 August 1941 for speeches and a send-off ceremony. Each was given a bouquet of flowers and, cheered by family and supporters, marched to the Gare du Nord behind the Flemish flag and officer Jef François, who would later command the Flemish SS from 1942-44. After training in Dębica (Poland) and Orzysz (then part of Germany), Legion "Flandern", as it was now known, was sent to the Front. Léon Degrelle, leader of the far-right Belgian francophone Rex party, formed the Légion Wallonie, which held its own “cérémonie d'adieu”, also at Bozar, on 7 August 1941. The Walloons were not considered Nordic enough to join the Waffen-SS, so were attached to the Wehrmacht before being finally integrated into the SS in June 1943.
Some 29,000 Flemings and 17,000 Walloons fought on the German side. In the final months of the war, Flemish and Walloon SS units served for the first time alongside each other in Pomerania, in what is now western Poland. Jef François and Léon Degrelle both survived the war and were sentenced to death in absentia. François had his sentence commuted to life and was released in 1952. He died in Gent in 1996. Degrelle escaped to Spain where he remained for the rest of his life. He died in Málaga in 1994.


Above: Memorials to Baron Jean de Sélys Longchamps DFC in Avenue Louise,
the pilot in uniform. Images: Dennis Abbott and Creative Commons

Attack on Gestapo HQ

In an audacious flying feat, Baron Jean de Sélys Longchamps DFC, a Belgian fighter pilot serving in 609 Squadron of the Royal Air Force, launched a single-handed attack on Gestapo headquarters in Brussels on 20 January 1943. Despite orders not to carry out the risky raid, he took a detour after a strafing mission over a rail yard in Gent and headed for the Belgian capital. After a low-level pass in his Hawker Typhoon over his target at 453 Avenue Louise, he flew up what is now Avenue Franklin Roosevelt and Avenue Emile De Mot before blasting the entire façade of the 12-storey building with his cannon. Several members of the Nazi security services were killed in the raid. Sélys Longchamps was demoted for carrying out the unauthorised mission but later awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. He was killed on 16 August 1943, while attempting to land at RAF Manston after his plane was hit during a raid over Ostend. He was 31. A gilded bronze bust of Sélys Longchamps was unveiled in Brussels' Avenue Louise in April 1993.

Resistance halts Auschwitz train

More than 25,000 Jews and 350 Roma were transported from Dossin Barracks in Mechelen to Nazi extermination and concentration camps in Eastern Europe during the Second World War. On 19 April 1943, Belgian Resistance members Robert Maistriau, Jean Franklemon and Youra Livchitz used a red paper lantern to trick an Auschwitz-bound train carrying 1,631 men, women and children into stopping near Boortmeerbeek. Seventeen deportees escaped and were later followed by more than 200 others, including 11-year-old Simon Gronowski from Brussels, before the train reached the German border. Around half of the escapees were not recaptured and survived the war. Gronowski, who returned to Brussels and stayed in hiding until the liberation, later became a leading lawyer and jazz pianist.

Commemorative plaque at Boortmeerbeek station telling the
story of the Jewish 'great escape'. Image: Dennis Abbott

Brigade Piron and Operation Paddle

The Brussels branch has enjoyed a long association with the Brigade Piron, the lynchpin of the Free Belgian Forces during the Second World War. 2,200 members of the Brigade, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Jean-Baptiste Piron, landed at Courseulles in Normandy on 7 August 1944 and fought their first action at Sallenelles at the start of ‘Operation Paddle’ to clear the Channel Coast. Aged 20, Édouard Gérard was killed by mortar fire during the battle at Sallenelles – the youngest Belgian volunteer to lose his life. The unit liberated a swathe of Normandy coastal towns including Cabourg, Deauville and Honfleur before joining the push towards Brussels.

Belgian breakthrough

On the night of 15-16 August 1944, nine men from the Belgian SAS Squadron landed by parachute in a remote area of the French Ardennes, close to Croix Scaille on the Belgian border. They were Lieutenant Paul Renkin, Sergeant Jack Krolikowski, and Privates Fernand Noël, Philippe Gérard, Albert Bogaerts, G. Casier, Claude Hennequin de Villermont, Jean Mal and Armand Maréchal. Renkin and Hennequin de Villermont crossed the frontier and were the first Belgians to enter their national territory in uniform since 1940.

Advance to Brussels

The British Second Army Guards Armoured Division, under Major General Allan Adair, set up camp on 2 September 1944 at Vitry-en-Artois aerodrome, about 10km south-west of Douai, expecting a day or two of rest and a chance to carry out urgent maintenance on their vehicles after their rapid advance from Normandy. But Lieutenant General Brian Horrocks, commander of XXX Corps, surprised his staff that evening by announcing plans for Operation Sabot: the division was to advance and capture Brussels – 140km away – the following day. The Grenadier Guards had orders to approach the capital on the road from Tournai, while the newly-formed Welsh Guards Battle Group followed along a parallel route via Enghien and Hal. The two-pronged formation was screened by Household Cavalry reconnaissance squadrons.
Following immediately behind both routes came the 231st Infantry Brigade Group, including the 1st Belgian Brigade, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Jean-Baptiste Piron, which had moved up from Le Havre.
Following immediately behind came the 231st Infantry Brigade Group, including the 1st Belgian Brigade, commanded by Colonel Piron, which had moved up from Le Havre. Pockets of German infantry attempted to slow the advance but with little success. As the RAF picked off enemy targets, the British tank crews released yellow smoke identify themselves to avoid friendly fire incidents.


Guards Armoured Division insignia

Palais de Justice set ablaze and looted

Meanwhile, in Brussels, around 200 troops German soldiers, who had taken over the Palais de Justice in Place Poelaert 48 hours earlier, prepared to evacuate. Before doing so, they set incendiary devices around its dome. At around 12.30pm on 3 September a series of explosions shook the building and the entire dome soon collapsed. It is thought that the Germans wanted to destroy files that could incriminate collaborators. As the building smouldered, scores of locals ‘liberated’ cognac and champagne (footage) stored in the cellars. Later, more public-spirited residents formed a human chain to save the archives. It took two days to put out the fire. The palais was rebuilt between 1947 and 1952.


Smoke pours from the roof of the Palais. Image: CegeSoma 

Liberation of Brussels

As evening began to fall on Sunday, 3 September 1944, the Grenadier Guards found themselves held up by enemy action and the 2nd Battalion Household Cavalry were halted on the outskirts of the city, leaving the 1st and 2nd Battalion Welsh Guards to seize the momentum. Their fast Cromwell tanks were capable of 65km/h and, after a skirmish in Hal, they reached the city just after 8pm, with Corporal Sam Boon and Lieutenant Francis Clarke of the 2nd Battalion Household Cavalry leading the final dash in an armoured scout car.
The first tank to enter Brussels was commanded by Lieutenant (later Captain) John Dent of the 2nd Battalion Welsh Guards and driven by Guardsman Bill James. Lance Corporal E. K. Rees was the gunner, Guardsman Robert Beresford the hull gunner and Guardsman Ralph Beresford (no relation) the radio operator. According to Major Lionel Ellis, author of Welsh Guards at War (published 1946), Dent’s Cromwell tank destroyed a busload of enemy troops on the Avenue des Arts and knocked out a panzer near the Parc du Cinquantenaire before halting for the night. Lt Dent was later mentioned in despatches in recognition of his gallant actions. "It was the best day of his life," his son Bill said recently.
The Grenadier Guards soon followed the Welsh Guards into the capital. Lieutenant Roger Dewandre MC, commanding Troop 2 of the Belgian Armoured Car Squadron, also entered Brussels in the vanguard of the Piron Brigade, before guiding General Horrocks and his HQ to Laeken. Dewandre would later become a Lieutenant General himself.
In Place du Trône, Belgian resistance fighters stormed the Electrabel building housing the Oberfeldkommandantur. 


From top: Blvd Anspach is nearly empty as Lt Dent's tank arrives on
3 September, but a crowd quickly appears (Images: War Heritage Institute).
Lt Dent's tank in colour (Marcel Vanderstraeten/Soldier Magazine)
Jubilant civilians ride on a Cromwell (Welsh Guards at War) 

Jubilant crowds

The tanks and vehicles following Lieutenant Dent were quickly engulfed by crowds of well-wishers (Imperial War Museum footage). Major Lionel Ellis described the scene: “Drivers were kissed, commanders were embraced and garlanded, everywhere was noise and chaos abounding. It was quite impossible to transmit a coherent message over the wireless. Crowds of joyous, deliriously excited citizens barred the way to our tanks, swarmed all over them, screamed salutations to us, pressed fruit and drink upon the tired, dusty, hot tank crews.” But the enemy was still not completely beaten. “What there was left of German resistance in the town was making itself felt; machine guns, anti-tank guns and snipers barked at us. We barked back, the crowds leapt off the tanks and dived into slit trenches, porches of houses and any other cover that presented itself. The opposition was not heavy and was soon overpowered. The crowds emerged from their slit trenches and over-ran the tanks again.”

 
Gabrielle and her mother Madeleine. Image: Anita Tedder

As Germans flee, collaborators feel heat

While many were celebrating, collaborators were feeling the heat.
Gabrielle Douat, then 17, recorded her memories of the liberation of the liberation. “From our flat in Rue Antoine Bréart [Saint-Gilles] you could see the Palais de Justice was [still] on fire … it was a terrible sight, very frightening. I went out … I suppose just to see what was going on. I went to the maison communale, which was quite close by. All these signs to different towns and different places had been pulled down by the people, on the orders of the Resistance ... There was this tank going round in round in circles because he just couldn’t find his way. The trouble was he was opening his machine gun and beginning to shoot … I went to the Chaussée d’Alsemberg, the big street that goes from Place Albert down to La Barrière. I looked up and that’s when I saw my mother [Madeleine]. She was running down the street, as fast as she could go, in her high heels, and she was mad. She had a man by the scruff of his neck. He was clutching something … she made him go back to where a big bonfire had been lit in the middle of Chaussée d’Alsemberg … People had invaded this particular flat because the flat had been inhabited by collaborators. They were chucking everything from the flat onto the street and people had set fire to it. My mother had seen this guy take a piece of whatever it was and she made him put it back on the bonfire.
The Germans knew the allies were coming.
“[Earlier] mother and I had gone down into town and we had lunch … opposite La Bourse … suddenly it went very quiet, the trams seemed to disappear. These Germans went by on bicycles, but the bicycles didn’t have any tyres. They’d looted them … and were trying to get out of Brussels. [Later] I saw two young Germans in an armoured vehicle … I suppose waiting for orders. I put my tongue out at them … by the afternoon the two boys had disappeared. Later that night, around nine o’clock, I was back on that particular spot and this time there were big tanks there … a British soldier came up to me ... He said: ‘How old are you?’ ‘17’. The British were back!
After the war, Gabrielle married a British soldier, Tom Tedder.


Maj Gen Allan Adair on his command tank, surrounded by crowds
in Brussels. Image: Bert Hardy, No 5 Army Film & Photographic Unit

Brigade Piron flash

Liberation parade

On 4 September 1944, the 1st Infantry Brigade of the Free Belgian Forces arrived in Brussels to link up with the Guards. The Welsh Guards’ War Diary recalls: “Presents of every sort were still being showered on the troops, and it should perhaps be recorded that in spite of the numerous and enormous quantities of drink available, no-one appeared to be the worst for wear.”
The British and Belgian troops took part in a liberation parade, amid scenes of huge jubilation (clip).
Irish-born officer Chaim Herzog, a future President of Israel, was among those serving in the Guards Armoured Division.

Liberation of Antwerp

Antwerp was liberated by the 11th Armoured Division commanded by Major-General Philip ‘Pip’ Roberts (clip) on Monday, 4 September. The British tanks arrived from the south, via Boom, crossing the River Rupel and Willebroek Canal. The bridges leading to Antwerp were mined and Belgian Resistance hero Robert Vekemans stopped the lead tank column near Breendonk, persuading them to follow a safer route.
Branch supporter Jean-Pierre Schellekens, then three months shy of his ninth birthday, vividly recalls the scene as the tanks arrived in his street, Jan Van Rijswijcklaan. “A few hours before there had been a panzer outside and my father told us to get in the cellar. We waited but nothing happened. Then suddenly the panzer was gone and we heard the clanging of the British tanks. We stormed out. It was absolute delirium. What you felt was unbelievable – it’s nothing like you see in the films. The tanks stopped and I climbed on the first one. I was on the small flat side next to the turret. Someone was holding on to me so I wouldn’t fall. It was fantastic. One of the things I remember most is the smell of sweat and the gasoline the tanks used, as well as the clink, clank, cronk of the tracks turning. Suddenly, Flemish SS started firing and somebody got me back inside, very quickly. I didn’t see any blood but I saw falling and I knew there were casualties.”
Captured Germans were held in cages at the zoo and collaborators faced reprisals. “I remember a café on the corner of Isabellastraat. When I came past it a few days after the liberation I saw people throwing all the furniture – everything they could – into the street,” said Schellekens, who later served as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Belgian Air Force Reserve and is a leading figure in the Comité National Belge du Souvenir (Belgisch Nationaal Herdenkinsgcomite).


Field Marshal Montgomery meeting burgomaster Frédéric Van de Meulebroek
Image: Le Soir, reproduced with kind permission of the Royal Library of Belgium


Monty set up his TAC HQ in the grounds of the Château de Merode

Monty at Everberg

Promoted to Field Marshal on 1 September 1944, 21st Army Group commander Sir Bernard Law Montgomery set up his tactical headquarters (TAC HQ) in the grounds of the Château de Merode at Everberg on 7 September 1944. He had occupied the same site before the British retreat in May 1940.
Home of Marie-Claire de Croÿ, Princesse de Merode, the château had previously provided quarters for the Luftwaffe’s Mölders Squadron, who vacated the premises just hours before Monty arrived. Everberg was his base for two weeks, until 21 September. His main 21st Army Group HQ was at the Residence Palace in Brussels.
Straight after arriving at Everberg, Monty made a flying visit to Brussels to meet the burgomaster, Frédéric Van de Meulebroek. The hero of El Alamein was accompanied by his staff, Brigadier Desmond Gordon, commander of 151st Brigade, garrisoned in Brussels, and Colonel Jean-Baptiste Piron. After signing the livre d’or, Monty stood on the balcony of the Hôtel de Ville and waved to a crowd which had gathered in the Grand Place after news of his arrival spread rapidly. They responded with cries of “Monty, Monty, Monty” and sang “For He’s A Jolly Good Fellow”. Monty also met Queen Elisabeth of the Belgians at the Palace.
The following days were spent on planning for Operation Market Garden. Monty made the short journey to British Second Army commander Lieutenant General Miles Dempsey’s HQ at the Chateau de Ribaucourt in Perk to allay his subordinate’s concerns about the airborne operation, which would prove a bridge too far at Arnhem. Dempsey had favoured attacking 55 miles further south, with flank support from the US Army, but Monty over-ruled him.


Top: Monty at the Chateau de Ribaucourt, Lt Gen Dempsey and the Ribaucourt
family, article by the author about Market Garden meeting (Sunday Telegraph)

Belgian resistance

It is estimated that more than 150,000 Belgians engaged in the resistance during the Second World War, with around 2.5% of the population involved. Around 40,000 resistance fighters were arrested, more than half of them in 1944. Almost 15,000 died in action, by execution or while imprisoned. (Source: ‘Why the Belgian Resistance deserves more attention’, Nico Wouters and Bruno De Wever).

House warming

In a column in English entitled “For our allied friends”, La Dernière Heure reported on an “informal house-warming” on 3 October 1944 in the new headquarters of the British Legion at 82A rue Veydt, Ixelles. “Old Legionnaires now in Brussels are desired to get in touch either with Mr L.R. Gyssels, chairman of the Brussels branch of the B.L. or with Captain J.F. Davis,” said the notice. The same report also stated that British Ambassador Sir Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull-Hugessen would open the Wesley House canteen and reading room in the Methodist Church at 5 rue du Champ de Mars, Porte de Namur, on 5 October.

Tir National memorial

Members of the branch, accompanied by British and US officers, took part in a ceremony on 8 October 1944 to pay their respects to civilians executed during the occupation. Cardinal Archbishop Jozef-Ernest van Roey, a steadfast opponent of Nazism, conducted a service at the Tir National, in front of an altar where the monument to Edith Cavell had stood until the Germans ordered its removal. The ceremony was attended by Charles, the Prince Regent, Queen Elisabeth, Colonel Louis Louveau, President of the Union des Fraternelles (U.F.A.C.), and Arthur Dejase, Mayor of Schaerbeek.

Standard flies again

The front pages of Le Soir and La Dernière Heure on 19 October 1944 pictured committee members proudly showing their British Legion standard, which had been kept hidden during the occupation. Branch Chairman Léon Gyssels MC, who served with the 28th County of London Battalion (Artists’ Rifles) in the First World War, and Vice-Chairman Captain J.F. Davis, 13th Gloucestershire Regiment, welcomed British Ambassador Sir Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull-Hugessen to the branch’s new premises in rue Veydt, explaining that the previous headquarters had been pillaged by the Germans. The Ambassador accepted their invitation to become patron and members thanked him by singing “For He’s A Jolly Good Fellow”.
Knatchbull-Hugessen had a notable diplomatic career. In 1937, when he was Ambassador to China, he was wounded and lucky to survive when a Japanese fighter strafed his official car. While Ambassador to Turkey from 1939-1944, it emerged that his chauffeur had regularly opened his mail and sold secret information to the Germans. Somehow, Knatchbull-Hugessen survived the scandal and he was appointed Ambassador to Belgium later the same year, retiring in 1947.

Chairman Léon Gyssels (right) and Sir Hughe, alongside him,
celebrate the re-emergence of the Hidden Standard

Coupe British Legion 

A football match on 28 October 1944 between Royal Léopold and the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME) ended in a 2-1 victory for the “visitors” who lifted the “Coupe British Legion”.

Poppy Appeal 44

For the first time since the start of the war, Belgian boy scouts and guides took part in the Poppy Day appeal on 11 November 1944. “By wearing a poppy, Belgians will express their gratitude to their liberators,” reported La Dernière Heure.

Better stockings

In the weeks and months after the liberation, hundreds of British servicemen were based in Brussels – and no small number ended up marrying local women and joined the branch. Lieutenant Colonel Charles Carrington MC, later Professor of History at Cambridge University, captured the atmosphere in the city in his book Soldier At Bomber Command: “Brussels is less gloomy than Paris: there are trams, dim street lights, and cafes. In the brasseries, hundreds of Tommies, Belgian girls and bon-bourgeois families enjoy the singing. The girls have better stockings and worse shoes than English girls. They talk broken English better than the soldiers talk broken French.”


Eric Johnson (left) and friend in 1944. Eric would go on to become a branch legend 

Niven in Brussels

Among the many British troops stationed in Brussels after the liberation was the film star David Niven, who had re-enlisted in the British Army when the Second World War broke out. Major Niven commanded A Squadron GHQ Liaison Regiment, also known as Phantom, and landed in Normandy shortly after D-Day. When his unit was going into action he would encourage them by saying, “Look, you chaps only have to do this once. But I’ll have to do it all over again in Hollywood with Errol Flynn!” Niven ended the war as a Lieutenant Colonel before returning to acting and films in which he often played military roles such as A Matter of Life and Death, Carrington V.C., Separate Tables, The Brain, The Guns of Navarone and Escape To Athena.

The NAAFI 21 Club in Rue d’Assaut, Brussels

Love at the 21

Branch member Claire Whitfield (née Stroobant) was 18 when she met her husband-to-be, Flight Sgt Stanley Whitfield. She was out walking her dog near the Prince Baudouin barracks in Schaerbeek when she spotted the handsome young RAF man climbing down from a truck. “It was love at first sight,” she recalled. In the days after the liberation “young people had a lot of catching up to do”. Stanley took Claire to the NAAFI 21 Club, a British forces venue in Rue d’Assaut. Named after the 21st Army Group, the idea for the club came from British holiday camp tycoon Billy Butler, honorary secretary of the Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI). It quickly took off, with hundreds of couples regularly packing the dance-floor. Stanley and Claire married at Holy Trinity in Rue Crespel on 18 May 1946.


Claire and Stanley after the liberation of Brussels and on their wedding day at Holy Trinity 

Charge it to Churchill!

Mary Blood (née Pettit), of the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF), captured the heady atmosphere in Brussels in early 1945 for the BBC WW2 People's War archive. The city was packed with Allied troops on leave. Their priorities were “a haircut, a bath, good meal, a pint, and evening entertainment – so the city was lively indeed”. While Mary’s billet at the Prince Baudouin barracks in Schaerbeek was “very unwelcoming”, Brussels offered no shortage of compensations for Allied personnel. “Entrance to clubs, theatres, concerts, opera house, etc. was free, as were the trams and trains. ‘Charge it to Churchill!’ was the cry. Meals in the clubs were cheap, and there were things we in England had never seen for years – thanks to Americans. My first visit to the A.E.F. [Allied Expeditionary Force] Club got me a cream tea – scones, cream, jam, tea, for 1/- [about 5 cents today].” 


The Montgomery Club offered a wide range of attractions for troops on leave.
Images from branch member Rainer Hiltermann's collection and National Army Museum, London

Montgomery Club

The Montgomery Club, located in the Palais d’Egmont, was another popular destination for troops on leave. Run by the Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes (NAAFI), it offered a wide range of attractions including a restaurant, tea lounges, baths, showers, hairdressing facilities, games room, library, piano practice rooms, language classes, valeting services and two cigarette kiosks.
The British Pathé website includes footage of a wedding reception held on the premises. Alain Brogniez, our branch expert on wartime uniforms, writes: “The bride is an ATS [Auxiliary Territorial Service] attached to an anti-aircraft unit of 21st Army Group, most probably dealing mainly with the V1 threat on Brussels... most of the girls wear the Royal Artillery white lanyard and some the 21st AG formation badge with the RA flaming grenade cap badge above their left pocket to show they were attached to the Royal Artillery. The groom is a Corporal of the 2nd Battalion The Monmouthshire Regt (TA), part of The South Wales Borderers but with their own cap badge. This battalion was part of 160th Brigade, 53rd (Welsh) Division, who were involved in the fighting around La Roche-en-Ardenne some weeks/months before.” 
Captain Norman MacMillan MC AFC also refers to the Montgomery Club in an article for The War Illustrated. He describes visiting a field gun-site in Flanders operated by men and women from the 484th heavy anti-artillery regiment – the first ‘mixed’ battery to cross the Channel. “Men manned the guns, the girls the predictor and signals. They had then shot down 19 flying bombs in Belgium … they could get into Brussels by tram in slightly under two hours, and got 48 hours leave every month. Officers had to go alone, whereas the other ranks went sociably in parties of six. When the non-commissioned girls arrived in Brussels they went to the Montgomery Club for a hair-set, manicure and lunch; then they would go on to a cinema and the Montgomery or A.E.F. Club for tea-dance; and in the evening find excellent entertainment at an E.N.S.A. [Entertainments National Service Association] theatre or the 21 Club.”


Remembrance ceremony at the Palais des Beaux-Arts. Image: Rainer Hiltermann

Festival of Remembrance

The Royal Navy, Army and Royal Air Force organised a Festival of Remembrance at the Palais des Beaux-Arts on 11 November 1944, which took place at the same time as the ceremony in London. Belgium’s Queen Elisabeth was among the dignitaries at the event, which was opened by members of the British Legion and Chelsea Pensioners, wearing their famous scarlet tunics and tricorn hats. To the accompaniment of marches played by the band of the Life Guards and Scots’ pipers, the Legion delegation was followed on stage by detachments from the Royal Navy, including Belgian and Dutch sections, the Women’s Royal Naval Service (WRNS) and nurses. The Army was represented by infantry, cavalry, paras, nurses and the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS). It was then the turn of the RAF to parade. Instead of music, they played a recording of a squadron commander giving orders over his radio during a raid on Berlin. The large audience cheered all the detachments at length. The moving occasion ended with hymn singing led by the chaplains of the three services.

Cinema Rex horror

Cinema Rex in Antwerp was hit by a V-2 rocket, fired from a German base in the Netherlands, on 16 December 1944. The deadliest rocket attack during the war, it left 567 dead, including 296 allied servicemen and 271 civilians, among them women and children. Hundreds were injured. The cinema was packed at the time for a Saturday afternoon screening of a Cecil B. DeMille western, The Plainsman. Due to a news blackout, the full scale of the horror was not reported at the time. Many of the servicemen who died in the attack are buried in Schoonselhof CWGC Cemetery. Antwerp, which was liberated by the 11th Armoured Division on 4 September, was targeted by the enemy throughout the winter. It is estimated that 1,300 rockets hit the port city and its surroundings, claiming the lives of more than 4,000 people. The story of Antwerp’s war is told in this timeline.

Top: Aftermath of the attack on the Cinema Rex.
Above: A V-2 rocket which hit Antwerp in early 1945
Image: Jan B.H.A. Vervloedt/Creative Commons

Bozar gala

The branch hosted a gala under the patronage of the British Ambassador at the Palais des Beaux-Arts on 16 December 1944. Proceeds from the event were shared between the branch, the Red Cross and 1st Belgian Brigade. Music was provided by the 1st Battalion East Lancashire Regiment dance band, opera singer Yetty Martens and Le Cercle Musicale des Amateurs with M. Barbier.

Battle of the Bulge

The Battle of the Bulge in Belgium, also known as the Ardennes Offensive, was the last major German campaign during the Second World War. The battle lasted five weeks from 16 December 1944 to 28 January 1945. Hitler’s primary objective was to seize Antwerp and force the allies into peace talks, allowing him to concentrate on the Eastern Front.
The Germans achieved total surprise at the start of the campaign, but the 101st Airborne Division under Brigadier General Anthony "Nuts" McAuliffe frustrated the enemy’s advance during the Siege of Bastogne.
On 20 December 1944, Field Marshal Montgomery ordered XXX Corps, under the temporary command of Major General Ivor Thomas, to move from the Netherlands to the Ardennes. The 6th Airborne Division, under Major General Eric Bols, was rushed across the Channel to Ostend.
By 22 December, the 51st (Highland) Division, 53rd (Welsh) Division and the Guards’ Armoured Division had taken up defensive positions between Maastricht and Givet to block a crossing over the Meuse. By Boxing Day, airborne troops held a line between Dinant and Namur, with the 3rd Parachute Brigade on the left, the 5th Parachute Brigade to the right, and the 6th Airlanding Brigade in reserve.
The furthest west the German offensive reached was Foy-Nôtre-Dame, 5km south east of Dinant. Three German Panther tanks were knocked out in air attacks on the village and the Germans were forced to abandon half-tracks and an armoured car.
Amid freezing conditions, elements of XXX Corps forced the Panzer Lehr Division out of Celles on 27 December, capturing Rochefort on New Year’s Eve.
The main counter-offensive, launched on 3 January, took place in the Tellin-Rochefort-Hotton triangle. Every year, the branch holds ceremonies at Hotton, La Roche-en-Ardenne and during the Pegasus Walk, which commemorates the 13th (Lancashire) Parachute Battalion’s victory at the Battle of Bure on 5 January. More about the British campaign here.

Top: Panther tank abandoned in Celles. Middle: Foy-Nôtre-Dame.
Below: 1 East Riding Yeomanry withdraw from Hotton, Bure memorial

VE Day 

Mary Blood of the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) was in Brussels when Germany’s surrender was announced on 8 May 1945, Victory in Europe Day. The news was greeted with an outpouring of excitement and emotion. “The whole city was lit up by searchlights, rockets, flares, Verey lights everywhere. British, Belgian and American flags were flying; crowds were in the streets singing and laughing; car horns were sounding” (source: WW2 People's War archive). The scenes in Brussels were captured in remarkable film footage by Paul Castaing.
In London, the Royal Family, joined by Prime Minister Winston Churchill, waved to a huge crowd gathered in front of Buckingham Palace. The 19-year-old future Queen Elizabeth II, wearing her Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) uniform, and her sister Margaret, then 14, persuaded the King to let them to slip out and join the throng – under the protection of Royal household staff, including future Brussels branch member Peter Townsend.


Top: Celebrations in Brussels' Grand Place (from Paul Castaing's film).
Below: Royal Family and Winston Churchill on the balcony at the Palace

Mary Churchill

Mary Churchill, 22-year-old youngest daughter of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and his wife Clementine, commanded an ATS (Auxiliary Territorial Service) battery next to the Terlanenveld prisoner-of-war camp near Overijse in early 1945.
On 8 April, Mary sat for Louis Rigaux, a noted photographer and artist whose studio was located at Justus Lipsiusplein 11 in Overijse. His great-niece Isabelle, who kindly shared the images here, says the family still has the chair in which Mary is pictured. In December 2022, she published a book of photographs taken by Louis from 1914-1920.
Mary spent VE Day in Brussels, recalling a city “bedecked with flags” and vast crowds. “Every car and jeep was overloaded with children & grownups too clinging to the roof & sides … we went to the Grand Place – what a sight – flood-lighting, music, bells, but above all, people. Thousands of them – friendly, jostling, thankful crowds.”
Despite speculation she could marry Prince Charles of Belgium, Mary wed a Coldstream Guards Captain, Christopher Soames, after the war. A member of Britain's Parliament for 16 years, he was British Ambassador to France from 1968-72 and, from 1973-77, the UK’s first European Commissioner in Brussels, allowing Mary to rediscover her old wartime haunts. She later became a successful author, writing a biography of her mother and her own memoirs, A Daughter’s Tale, which were published three years before her death, aged 91, in 2014. Her wartime diary, edited by her journalist daughter Emma Soames, was published in September 2021.


Louis Rigaux photographed and painted Mary in Overijse
Images: Louis Rigaux - Archive Isabelle Rigaux

Hitler ‘funeral’

Residents in the Marolles neighbourhood of Brussels held a mock funeral procession for Adolf Hitler on 10 June 1945. A local man dressed as the German leader, who had committed suicide ten days earlier.


Plaque in Rue Haute recalling the 'funeral'
Picture: Dennis Abbott

Guards return

The Guards Armoured Division returned to Brussels on 28 September 1945 to take part in a victory parade (news footage). Major General Allan Adair, commander of the division, laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. This was followed by a magnificent ceremony at Place Poelaert in the presence of Queen Elisabeth of the Belgians and British Ambassador Sir Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull-Hugessen. Brussels burgomaster Frédéric Van de Meulebroek presented standards to the Welsh Guards, Grenadier Guards, Irish Guards, Scots Guards, Coldstream Guards and Household Cavalry.


Standard presented to the Household Cavalry

La Bal de La Victoire

Branch members took part in the spectacular Bal de La Victoire in Brussels on 8 September 1945. A huge outdoor dance floor was laid in the Place de la Monnaie, allowing thousands of “indefatigable” couples to dance the night away. The event, organised by La Dernière Heure and Le Soir, was hosted by Captain Richard Evans of the BBC and Marcel Antoine, a cabaret artist from Radio-Schaerbeek. Live music was provided by Yvon de Bie and his all-Belgian Band, the US 433rd Army Services Dance Band, the US 107th Army Ground Forces Band, British Army Lowlanders Dance Band, as well as Bobby Naret and his orchestra. Detachments of honour from the British Armoured Guards Division, liberators of Brussels, the US 101st Airborne Division, the Division Leclerc, Brigade Piron, and 52nd Highland Division received an emotional reception from the crowd.


La Bal de la Victoire as reported in Le Soir.  
Reproduced with kind permission of the Royal Library of Belgium 

Old soldiers never die!

La Dernière Heure and La Nation Belge reported on a reception held on 25 September 1945 to mark the first anniversary of the re-formation of the Brussels branch. The event was hosted by Chairman Lieutenant Léon Gyssels, Vice-Chairman Captain J.F. Davis and Captain Drummond-Murray. Among others present were Général René-Henri Willems, Arthur Aveling CBE, British chargé d’affaires, Major S. Stevenson, representing Brigadier Gerald Tarleton DSO MC of the British Garrison, M. Pettitt, Embassy Secretary, M. Joint, commercial counsellor, M. Stephens, Consul, M. Foulon, President of the French Chamber of Commerce, Captains Mitchell and Thibodeau of the Canadian Army, as well as the presidents of veterans’ federations. The toast was “old soldiers never die!” In the same issue, La Nation Belge also reported that police had arrested around 20 Belgian former members of the Waffen SS and Légion Wallonie using false identity papers in Brussels.

Reginald and Germaine Whitburn in 1946, a couple
who would be part of the lifeblood of the branch

Belgian colours

During a Remembrance Day ceremony at the British Memorial in Rue des Quatre Bras on 11 November 1945, Chairman Lieutenant Léon Gyssels was presented with a Belgian flag by Colonel Louis Louveau, President of UFAC 14-18. The flag replaced one which was removed from the branch’s HQ by enemy troops during the early days of the occupation.


British Memorial in Rue des Quatre Bras. Image: Rainer Hiltermann

1946-1960

 King awards Andrée de Jongh with George Medal

Andrée 'Dédée' de Jongh, one of the founders of the Réseau Comète (Comet Line), was presented with the George Medal by King George VI at Buckingham Palace on 13 February 1946 for helping stranded Allied pilots to escape from enemy occupied Belgium and France during the Second World War. After the ceremony, the King and Queen invited her for a private meeting. In all, Schaerbeek-born 'Dédée' led nearly 120 airmen to safety between 1941 and her arrest in January 1943. The citation recounted how she swam across the Somme 20 times on one trip, helping non-swimmers across the river. Held in Fresnes prison in Paris before being sent to Ravensbrück and Mauthausen concentration camps, she refused to reveal crucial details about the escape network. Although she admitted being its leader, the Germans did not believe her which probably saved her life.
As well as receiving the George Medal, Dédée was presented with a clock from an RAF bomber by Air Chief Marshal Lord (Arthur) Tedder and Secretary of State for Air Viscount Stansgate, who declared that her exploits were "almost unsurpassed in history". Footage here. Looking back, 40 years after she escorted him across the Pyrenees, Australian pilot Ian Davies said: "For me, Dédée is a saint. She has more courage in her little finger than I have in my entire body." After the war, she wed fellow resistance member Florentino Iñiguez and moved to Africa, dedicating herself to humanitarian work. In 1985, after returning to Belgium, Dédée was made a baroness by King Baudouin. She died in Woluwe-Saint-Lambert on 13 October 2007, aged 90. More about her story here.


Andrée de Jongh of the Comet Line

Gordon and Catherina

Captain Gordon D. Staple, a future branch Vice-President, married opera singer Catherina Verhaeren on 30 March 1946. Weymouth-born Staple served with the Royal Engineers and landed at Saint Aubin-sur-Mer (Sword Beach) in June 1944. Attached to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's 21st Army Group, he arrived in Brussels soon after the Liberation and fell for Catherina. After the war he returned to Britain to be demobbed. He then came back to Belgium to find his sweetheart. After their marriage the couple opened The English House, a well-known clothing store which is run today by one of their three daughters, Margaret.


Gordon and Catherina on their wedding day and Gordon in uniform

Relais sacré aérien

Chairman Léon Gyssels represented the branch at a reception held at the Hôtel de Ville on 25 May 1946 for amputee veterans from Britain, Belgium and France. The veterans spent the day on a relais sacré aérien, flying from Brussels to Paris to London and back to Brussels. In London, the veterans were greeted by Colonel George R. Crosfield, former Chairman of the British Legion, and Major Sir Brunel Cohen, the Legion’s Honorary Treasurer, both war amputees.

Chairman Lionel

British Ambassador Sir Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull-Hugessen was greeted by a delegation from the branch led by new Chairman Lionel Grigson-Page on 13 April 1947, after a special service conducted by branch chaplain the Reverend Philip Moore at the Church of England in rue de Stassart.

Soldier’s goodbye

In the immediate post-war period, Brussels was a popular leave destination for troops serving with the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR). The July 1947 issue of Soldier, the British Army magazine, ran a full page marking the end of a chapter, with the closure of the BAOR leave centre.
It re-published an image of Private Jack Fox, who landed on D-Day and was the millionth visitor to the city’s popular 21 Club, with partner Private Effie Redden of the ATS, and listed what the troops were saying goodbye to, including:
... the girls who wore ear-rings made of officers’ pips
... the hospitable Belgian matrons who invited British soldiers to a Sunday meal of chicken
... to the conductor of the last tram, who allowed the victorious Allies to ride on the roof
... to the men who chalked “Vive le Roi” on the walls, and to those who added “d’Angleterre”
... to the 21 Club and the Montgomery Club
... to the Rue Neuve, where there was always a Laurel and Hardy film showing
... to the Palais de Justice (and may it soon have a new dome to replace the one the Germans blew off)
... to the tavern with the sign in the window “English barmaid”.
The list finishes with a reminder that the first 13 issues of Soldier, after its creation in March 1945, were printed in Anderlecht. From September 1945, it was printed in Hamburg on the colour presses used for Signal, the Wehrmacht’s magazine during the Second World War.
(With thanks to Michele Davison, whose mum Maria kept the clipping, and Tudor Morgan, art editor, Soldier magazine).

Gembloux memorial

Lionel Grigson-Page, a veteran of both world wars, led a branch delegation taking part in commemorations at Gembloux and Marche-les-Dames on 10 August 1947. Other members of the delegation included Vice-Chairman the Reverend Philip Moore, former Chairman Léon Gyssels, former Vice-Chairman J.F. Davis and Treasurer Major Athelstan Willoughby. A wreath was laid on the graves of British airmen in Gembloux cemetery and also at the “Rocher Tragique” in Marche-les-Dames, where King Albert I met his death.

Malayan Emergency

Attacks by pro-independence communist fighters sparked the start of the Malayan Emergency on 16 June 1948. The conflict, in which British and Commonwealth forces fought against the Malayan National Liberation Army, lasted for more than 12 years and resulted in heavy casualties on both sides. 

Summer ball

The branch held a summer ball on 26 June 1948 at the premises of the Royal Veterans Union (Union des Fraternelles de l’Armée de Campagne, UFAC). Performers included the Billy Bacon Jazz Orchestra and Claude Alix (the stage name of Paula Vandebroek) who sang popular British songs “with brio”. Branch Chairman Lionel Grigson-Page, Vice-Chairman the Reverend Philip Moore, and Director of Entertainment R. E. Higgins were in attendance.

New premises

The branch opened new premises at 102 Rue de la Loi (now a European Commission building) on 22 July 1948, in the presence of British Ambassador Sir George Rendel and British Military Attaché Colonel A. Fabin. Chairman Lionel Grigson-Page, Vice-Chairman the Reverend Philip Moore and Entertainments Director R.E. Higgins represented the branch. Léopold Ros, President of the National Confederation of Political Prisoners (Confédération nationale des prisonniers politiques, CNPPA), also attended. He would later become an outspoken critic of Belgium’s controversial King Leopold III, calling for him to abdicate.

Major Willoughby

On 7 October 1948 the branch published a notice in Le Soir announcing the death of former Treasurer Major Athelstan Willoughby, who served in the Durham Light Infantry and was an Honorary Doctor of Laws at Durham University.

Annual ball

The branch’s annual ball on 30 October 1948 at the premises of the Royal Veterans Union drew a large and appreciative audience. Performers included the Billy Bacon Orchestra, troops’ favourite Marie Nell (the stage name of Nénette Langlois), dancer Jacqueline Gaspar, and British composer John Cook, a Legion member. Miss J. Daniels of the English Comedy Club recited Major John McCrae’s poignant First World War poem In Flanders Fields. Branch Chairman Lionel Grigson-Page, R.E. Higgins and the Reverend Philip Moore were in attendance.

Heverlee ceremony

The branch, represented by Colonel Chapman, Major Williams and Lieutenant James, took part in a commemoration ceremony at Heverlee war cemetery on 1 November 1948.


Claire and Stanley Whitfield dancing the night away
at the RAF Club in Brussels on 11 December 1948
  

National Service

National Service, peacetime conscription for men aged 17-21, was launched in Britain on 1 January 1949. They initially served for 18 months but the period was extended to two years in 1950. By 1963, when the last National Serviceman was demobbed, more than two million men had been conscripted into the British Army, Royal Navy or Royal Air Force.

Dewé memorial

The branch was represented at the unveiling of a memorial at 2 rue de la Brasserie, Ixelles, marking the place where Belgian Resistance hero Walthère Dewé (code-name “Muraille”) was killed. Dewé founded two Resistance networks, “La Dame Blanche” in 1916, and “Clarence” in 1940. He was shot dead by a Luftwaffe officer who confronted Dewé after he spotted him leaping from a tram while trying to flee Gestapo agents. The ceremony took place on 3 July 1949.

Resistance heroine

Madame Verbaet represented the branch at the unveiling of a plaque in Parc Parmentier, Woluwe St Pierre, in memory of Suzanne Van Durme. Revered in the Belgian Resistance, Van Durme was arrested by the Gestapo in 1943 and died at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in April 1945. A mother of two, she was closely associated with the Stations de Plein-Air community association founded by Father Édouard Froidure, who was liberated from Dachau at the end of the war. Some 2,000 children attended the ceremony on 23 July 1949.

Cadets’ visit

Some 36 cadets from the Duke of York’s Royal Military School in Dover arrived in Brussels on 26 July 1949 during a visit to Belgium organised by the British Legion. The cadets stayed with families in Leuven. 

Wilsele memorial

Squadron Leader Colonel H.C. Wilson represented the Legion at the inauguration of a memorial on 28 August 1949 at Wilsele Churchyard, near Leuven. The monument commemorates 44 British servicemen who lie in the CWGC plot, as well as 82 civilians who died during a bombardment on 12 May 1944.

Committee 1950

The Brussels branch announced the formation of a new committee on 5 February 1950. Chairman: Lieutenant Colonel George Starr DSO MC, Vice-Chairman: Lieutenant Colonel Ackroyd, Secretary: Major A. T. Denyer, Treasurer: Captain J. R. Calastreme. Members: E.J. Bacon, R.E. Cameron, C.M. Cooper, J. Hamilton, D.A. Hardy, Dr P. Maurice, J. McCracken, H.N. Mills, Rev P. Moore, H. Powell, K.H. Ross, V.L.J. Snutsel.

Continental HQ

The “continental” section of the British Legion opened premises in Avenue Louise on 15 February 1950 in the presence of British Ambassador Sir George Rendel, Major General John Roberts, commander of the Dieppe Raid, General Victor Strydonck de Burkel, former Commander in Chief of the Free Belgian Forces and President of the Union des Fraternelles de l’Armée de Campagne (UFAC) 1940-45, Lieutenant Colonel George Starr, Chairman of Brussels branch, and Count Adrien van der Burch. The guests were received by Squadron Leader H.C. Wilson, head of the Legion’s continental branch, and his deputy Montague Janes.


Charles de Gaulle

De Gaulle Appeal

Vice-Chairman Lieutenant Colonel Ackroyd represented the branch at a ceremony organised by the Free French Forces Association at Notre-Dame in Laeken on 18 June 1950 to mark the 10th anniversary of the Appeal by General Charles de Gaulle. In his famous 1940 speech, broadcast from London by the BBC, the future French President urged his compatriots not to give up the fight, declaring: “The flame of the French resistance must not be extinguished and will not be extinguished!”

Korean War

War broke out between North Korea, supported by China and the Soviet Union, and South Korea, backed by US and UN forces, on 25 June 1950. Nearly a million UN forces were deployed during the three-year war, including 14,000 from the UK and 800 Belgian troops. The British and Belgians were involved in the ferocious Battle of the Imjin River (22-25 April 1951), in which the 1st Battalion The Gloucestershire Regiment made a famous stand against 27,000 Chinese troops. The Glosters finally surrendered after suffering huge casualties. Lieutenant Colonel James Carne, the battalion commander, was awarded the Victoria Cross. Lieutenant Philip Curtis, killed making a lone attack on an enemy machine-gun bunker, was awarded a posthumous VC. The war ended in a military stalemate.

Morning Departure 

Branch Chairman Lieutenant Colonel George Starr hosted a gala film premiere of La Nuit Commence A L'Aube (Morning Departure) at the Cinema Metropole on 14 September 1950. British Ambassador Sir John le Rougetel MC and two of the film’s stars, Nigel Patrick and Helen Cherry (the wife of Trevor Howard), attended the event. The branch was also represented by the Reverend Philip Moore, Kenneth H. Ross, and Starr’s former SOE wireless operator Yvonne Cormeau. Ahead of the screening, the Belgian Naval Force band gave a performance in the city centre. Seats cost from 20-100 Belgian francs.


Lieutenant Colonel George Starr in service dress
Image kindly provided by Alfred Starr

Death of Chairman

Le Soir published a notice announcing the death of former branch Chairman Lionel Grigson-Page in Brussels on 21 October 1950. Grigson-Page served in the First World War and as an officer in the RAF in 1939-45. In his civilian life, he represented Radiation Limited, a British company making gas cookers.

Mars memorial

Lieutenant Colonel George Starr represented the branch at a ceremony on 29 October 1950 to commemorate 56 members of the “Mars et Mercure” business association who lost their lives during the Second World War. The ceremony took place at the Palais des Académies.

Noble gesture

The Brussels branch of the Legion and their counterparts from the Poilus de France jointly hosted a ball at the Concert Noble in Brussels on 2 December 1950 in aid of Belgian children orphaned in the war. The event was held in the presence of British Ambassador Sir John le Rougetel and India’s Ambassador to Belgium and Luxembourg, N. Raghavan. Colonel Baron Henry d’Aleyrac Contaud de Coulanges represented the French Embassy. Music was provided by France’s 43rd infantry regiment band and the Belgian Naval Force. Royal Scots Fusiliers wearing traditional kilts danced to the bagpipes. A detachment of honour was provided by the 7th regiment of Algerian spahis. Lieutenant Colonel George Starr represented the branch with Yvonne Cormeau and E.J. Bacon.

Foch monument

Squadron Leader H.C. Wilson, head of the Legion’s Brussels-based continental branch, attended the inauguration of a monument in Laeken commemorating Marshal Ferdinand Foch on 20 January 1952 – close to the centenary of his birth. Foch was the Supreme Allied Commander in 1918. He died on 20 March 1929, and was interred at Les Invalides in Paris, near the tomb of Napoleon.

Death of George VI

The branch organised a memorial service at the Church of England in rue de Stassart on 15 February 1952 to mark the passing of King George VI. The service was conducted by the Reverend Philip Moore. Branch Chairman Lieutenant Colonel George Starr led the branch delegation which included C.M. Cooper, J.R. Calastreme, E.N. Ackroyd, A. Stimpson, V.L.J. Snutsel, K.H. Ross, G. Donnelly, D. Hardy, G. Mclean, J. Hamilton, and M. Lansdowne, as well as Squadron Leader H.C. Wilson, head of the Legion’s continental section. The military attachés of Britain, France, the US, the Netherlands and Poland attended, as well as a Belgian contingent including General Victor Strydonck de Burkel, former Commander of the Free Belgian Forces, Colonel Louis Louveau, President of UFAC 14-18, and Captain Raymond Moos, President of the Brigade Piron veterans.

Liège tribute

Vice-Chairman C.M. Cooper represented the branch at a ceremony organised by the Croix de guerre federation on 3 August 1952 to pay homage to Belgian regiments based in Liège during the First World War. 

Fraser’s tribute

Sir Ian Fraser CBE, the Legion’s national President, laid a wreath at Mons on 11 October 1952 at the inauguration of a memorial to British and Canadian troops in the First World War. The commemoration was led by King Baudouin. Addressing the ceremony, British Defence Minister Field Marshal Lord Alexander of Tunis recalled his first action as a young Lieutenant in the Irish Guards ­– “a baptism of fire” on 23 August 1914 – took place at Mons. He returned to Mons in the final days of the conflict. Other VIPs present included Belgian Prime Minister Jean Van Houtte, Major General Sir Edward Spears, British Ambassador Sir Christopher Warner, Canadian Ambassador Lieutenant General Maurice Pope and Victor Maistriau, the Mayor of Mons, who was imprisoned by the German occupiers during the First World War.

Committee 1952

The branch announced the formation of a new committee on 10 October 1952. Chairman: Lieutenant Colonel George Starr DSO MC, Vice-Chairman: C.M. Cooper, Treasurer: J.R. Calastreme. Secretary: R. Galère, Members: A. Stimpson, V.L.J. Snutsel, K.H. Ross, Rev P. Moore, Dr P. Maurice, G. Donnelly, D. Hardy, E.N. Ackroyd, G.E. McClean, A.F.J. Harris, Wood, Robins.
Albert Francis Joseph Harris, known as Bert, served as a Gunner in the Royal Artillery during the Second World War. He was captured by the Japanese following the surrender of Britain’s forces after the Battle of Singapore on 15 February 1942 and held as a PoW in Thailand. Harris later served as Chairman, Vice-President and President of the branch.

Death of Queen Mary

The branch was represented at a memorial service at Christ Church (29 rue Crespel) on 31 March 1953 to mark the passing of Queen Mary, the widow of George V. Attendees included Belgium’s Queen Elisabeth and the Ambassadors of Britain, Canada, South Africa and Pakistan. King Baudouin paid his respects at a service in the Chapel Royal, Windsor.

A Queen is Crowned

The Brussels branch hosted an “unforgettable” premiere of the film A Queen is Crowned at the Cinema Vendome on 11 June 1953, in the presence of Belgium’s Queen Elisabeth, Prime Minister Jean Baron Van Houtte, British Ambassador Sir Christopher Warner, Canadian Ambassador General Maurice Pope, and Indian Ambassador P.A. Menon. The colour film, with a commentary by Laurence Olivier, was watched by a packed house in almost religious silence, punctuated by frequent applause. A guard of honour was provided by the Coldstream Guards, resplendent in their red tunics and bearskins. The guards earlier took part in a ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, with Lieutenant Colonel George Starr and Kenneth H. Ross representing the branch. The coronation of Queen Elizabeth II took place on 2 June at Westminster Abbey.


Belgian Queen Elisabeth arrives at the screening of A Queen is Crowned
with British Ambassador Sir Christopher Warner (Le Soir).
Reproduced with permission of the Royal Library of Belgium


HM Queen Elizabeth II, The Royal Collection Trust

Townsend joins the branch

The branch gained a high-profile member with the arrival in Brussels of Battle of Britain ace Group Captain Peter Townsend, following his appointment as Air Attaché on 15 July 1953. A former equerry to His Majesty King George VI and Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, divorced Townsend was headline news thanks to his controversial relationship with the Queen’s younger sister, Princess Margaret. He quickly threw himself into the life of the branch, enthusiastically attending many social occasions and frequently riding in equestrian events.


Drawing of Peter Townsend by Clementine Verheyden,
original held by the Royal Library of Belgium

Committee 1953

The branch announced the formation of a new committee on 14 October 1953. Chairman: Lieutenant Colonel George Starr DSO MC, Vice-Chairman: A.F.J. Harris, Treasurer: J.R. Calastreme. Secretary: R. Galère, Members: E.M. Haskins, V.L.J. Snutsel, A. Stimpson, G.E. McClean, E.P. Warner, G. Donnelly, K.H Ross.

Night at the opera

Lieutenant Colonel George Starr represented the branch at the premiere of L'Opéra du gueux (Beggar’s Opera) at Cinéma L’Écuyer on 26 October 1953. The film musical, directed by Peter Brook and starring Laurence OlivierDorothy Tutin and Stanley Holloway, was a hit with the audience. It was one of a series of films screened, under the patronage of British Ambassador Sir Christopher Warner, in honour of director, producer and screenwriter Sir Alexander Korda. The others were L’Homme de Berlin (The Man Between), directed by Carol Reed and starring James MasonClaire Bloom and Hildegard Knef, Le Paradis du Capitaine (The Captain’s Paradise), with Alec Guinness, Yvonne de Carlo and Celia Johnston, and Conquest of Everest. Funds raised from the screenings were shared between the Brussels branch, the British Charitable Fund and Royal Air Forces Association among others.


Centre, Sir Edmund Hillary and Princess Amaury de Mérode
with British Ambassador Sir Christopher Warner and Lady Warner (Le Soir)

Peak performer

Sir Edmund Hillary and Lady Hillary attended the film premiere Conquest of Everest in Brussels on 29 October 1953. Lieutenant Colonel George Starr represented the branch at a reception for the mountaineer. Other guests included India’s Ambassador P.A. Menon, the actress Celia Johnston, star of Brief Encounter, and Group Captain Peter Townsend.

Poppy Appeal

Le Soir published an appeal on 7 November 1953 by Lieutenant Colonel George Starr for the public to support La Journee des Coquelicots (Poppy Day). Under the title “Ne les oublions pas” (Do not forget them), he wrote: “I know that you will not forget the sacrifice of our sailors, soldiers and airmen to make the world free. Many veterans are living in Belgium, having married Belgian women, and we address this appeal to help them, their widows and children.”


Albert Harris and Monette Johnson dancing
the night away at the 1953 Poppy Ball 

SOE chief’s visit

Branch Chairman Lieutenant Colonel George Starr, committee member Group Captain Peter Townsend and patron Ambassador Sir Christopher Warner attended a dinner on 25 March 1954 in honour of Lord Selborne, Britain’s former Minister of Economic Warfare, who was responsible for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) during the Second World War. Starr, code-name “Hilaire”, led the SOE’s Wheelwright network in southwest France from November 1942 until the liberation in September 1944.
The event was hosted by hosted by Colonel Adelin Marissal MC, President of La Fraternelle des Agents Parachutistes, a veteran of both world wars and former agent in the SoE’s T (Belgian) Section. After escaping to Britain, Marissal served as a pilot in the RAF and then alongside his brother, Colonel Jean Marissal CBE, head of military planning for the Belgian government-in-exile’s 2e direction. On 23 July 1943, Adelin parachuted into Belgium on an undercover mission code-named “Stanley” to link up with resistance cells which would later form the nucleus of the country’s Secret Army (Armée Secrète). The operation’s success resulted in the SOE launching a fully-fledged sabotage network in Belgium, code-named “Hotton” and led by Albéric Maistriau, a former boxing champion and civil engineer who drilled the tunnel under the under the Scheldt in Antwerp. The Belgian resistance targeted industrial plants supporting Germany’s war machine and the enemy’s communications system.

Congo delegation 

Branch members Colonel Louis Medlam (Military Attaché), Group Captain Peter Townsend (Air Attaché), and Wing Commander Edgar “Wally” Wurtele (Canadian Military Attaché) were among a dozen NATO experts invited on a fact-finding trip to the Congo by the Belgian government. They arrived in Léopoldville (Kinshasa) on a Fairchild Packet cargo plane named Vilde Beeste on 17 April 1954.

Death of Chaplain

The funeral of branch Chaplain the Reverend Philip Moore took place on 12 July 1954. Le Soir paid tribute to him as a “striking member of the British community where he was particularly appreciated”.

10th anniversary

Committee member Group Captain Peter Townsend attended a dinner hosted by Colonel Adelin Marissal on 3 September 1954 in honour of British Ambassador Sir Christopher Warner and marking the 10th anniversary of the liberation of Brussels.

Bal de l’amitié 

The branch jointly hosted a bal de l’amitié with veterans of the Brigade Piron on 5 March 1955. Music was provided by Harry Miller and his Bop Cats.

Australian tribute 

Branch President Lieutenant Colonel George Starr, together with Honorary Vice-Presidents Colonel Louis Medlam and Wing Commander Edgar “Wally” Wurtele, joined veterans from the Returned Soldiers League of Australia for a ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on 15 May 1955. The Australian delegation included Sir George Holland, President of the League, and Sir Frank Beaurepaire, the former world champion swimmer and ex-Lord Mayor of Melbourne. Music was provided by the Royal Scots Greys.

New club

Honorary life member Olivier Delville hosted a cocktail to celebrate the opening of the branch’s new club-house in Schaerbeek on 29 June 1955. Among those attending were British Ambassador Sir Christopher Warner, Mayor of Saint-Josse Guy Cudell, branch President Lieutenant Colonel George Starr, Chairman Albert Harris, and members Colonel Louis Medlam, Group Captain Peter Townsend, Roger Galère, J.R. Calastreme, Kenneth H. Ross, and V.L.J. Snutsel. 

Namur monument

Chairman Albert Harris represented the branch at the inauguration of an equestrian statue in Namur commemorating Albert I. The ceremony on 25 September 1955 was led by King Baudouin and Prime Minister Achille Van Acke.

Committee 1955

The branch announced the formation of a new committee on 11 December 1955. President: Lieutenant Colonel George Starr DSO MC, Vice-President: Lt Col J. Gerard, Honorary Vice-Presidents: Col W.L. Medlam, Capt F.J. Cartwright, Gp Capt P. Townsend, Wg Cdr E.L. Wurtele, Chairman: A.F.J. Harris, Vice-Chairman: V.L.J. Snutsel, Hon Secretary: R. Galère, Hon Treasurer: J.R. Calastreme, Hon Archivist: A. Stimpson. Members: G.H. Lavender, Capt H. Reed, J.P. Brown, G. Gaiger, K.H. Ross, H. Heilbron, N. Dewhurst, F.A. Bullock, A.J. Pierarts, E. Johnson, J. Moore, A.J. Thorniley.

Brussels Branch represented at a parade in Bastogne in 1956.
From left, bearing the standard, Albert Harris and Eric Johnson

New Ambassador

Honorary Vice-President Group Captain Peter Townsend represented the Embassy and branch at a reception hosted by Colonel Adelin Marissal in honour of Ambassador Sir George Labouchere on 27 January 1956.

Silver jubilee

The branch held a grand ball at the Concert Noble on 4 February 1956 to mark the 25th anniversary of its incorporation by Royal Charter. The ball, featuring the first appearance in Belgium by London’s Victor Silvester Orchestra, was attended by British Ambassador Sir George Labouchere, US Ambassador Frederick Alger Jr and Canadian Ambassador Charles-Pierre Hebert.

The 1956 Poppy Ball, not an inch of dance floor to spare

Harry and Marika

Harry Moffatt, who would become a branch stalwart, was among half-a-dozen happily ‘exiled’ former servicemen featured in a Daily Express profile 12 March 1956. Following the liberation of Brussels, 6,000 Anglo-Belgian couples wed and half, including Liverpool-born Harry and his wife Marie, settled in Belgium. Harry was 21 when he enlisted on 15 September 1939, less than a fortnight after the outbreak of the Second World War. After training with the Royal Artillery, he transferred to the Royal Army Service Corps, transporting tanks in 373rd Company. He embarked for Normandy in August 1944 and took part in the liberation of Brussels on 3-4 September. He met Maria ‘Marika’ Uytfries at a celebration party and they married at Etterbeek town hall, with a religious ceremony at Église Sainte Gertrude, on 22 September 1945. The couple set up a laundry business at Chaussée Saint Pierre 311 in Etterbeek. The Daily Express wrote: “A feature of the Moffatt’s laundry is that they sew on missing buttons of your shirt and darn your socks. That is the work of his pretty wife Marie, proud mother of two girls” (Ethel, then eight, and Marlene, two). The couple also had a son, Alan. Harry joined the Brussels branch at the same time as two of his best friends, Harry Harris and Eric Johnson, and served as a committee member during the 1970s. His daughter Ethel and son-in-law Jean-Pierre Pede, the branch’s current Vice-Chairman, followed in his footsteps.


Harry and Marika on their wedding day and Harry in uniform. Images: Ethel Pede-Moffatt

Good luck, Peter

A farewell dinner was held by the branch for Honorary Vice-President Group Captain Peter Townsend at the Prince Albert Barracks on 25 September 1956. British Ambassador Sir George Labouchere was among those present. Townsend revealed his plans for a solo round-the-world trip by Land Rover. The itinerary would take him from Belgium through Luxembourg, Germany, Austria, Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Nepal, Burma, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Malaya, Hong Kong, Japan, San Francisco, Canada, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, South Africa, Congo, Libya, Spain, France, and finally back to Belgium. Townsend retired from the RAF after 23 years’ service on 15 October 1956 and set off on his epic adventure less than a week later. Le Soir published regular articles throughout the tour by Townsend, who told branch members he also planned to write a book when he returned to Brussels. 


Lt Col Starr and Yvonne Cormeau in Essen

Marissal honours Starr

Colonel-aviateur Adelin Marissal hosted a dinner on 14 December 1956 to honour the wartime exploits of Lieutenant Colonel George Starr and his former SOE wireless operator Yvonne Cormeau. He hailed Starr as the “patron” of the French Resistance network in Gascony and congratulated him for “always escaping the Gestapo’s traps”. Attendees included Count Hubert Pierlot, Belgium’s wartime Prime Minister in exile.
Marissal was mired in controversy in 1960 when his “Mission Marissal” recruited mercenaries from Belgium, France, Britain and South Africa to support Moïse Tshombe, the pro-Western leader of mineral-rich Katanga, after he seceded from the newly independent Democratic Republic of the Congo. Tshombe and two Belgian mercenaries, Colonel Carlos Huyghe and Captain Julien Gat, were implicated in the execution of Patrice Lumumba, the country’s first Prime Minister, killed alongside two of his ministers, Joseph Okito and Maurice Mpolo, on 17 January 1961. Tshombe, said to be the inspiration for Julius Limbani’s character in 1978 film The Wild Geese, became Prime Minister in 1964. He too was deposed and died in 1969 in Algiers, officially of heart failure, though it was later claimed he had been poisoned. His body was flown to Belgium for burial in Etterbeek. Marissal died on 17 February 1963.

Committee 1957

The branch announced the formation of a new committee on 2 January 1957. President: Lieutenant Colonel George Starr DSO MC, Vice-President: Col J. Gerard, Chairman: A.F.J. Harris, Vice-Chairman: V.L.J. Snutsel, Hon Secretary: K.H. Ross, Hon Treasurer: J.R. Calastreme, Registrar: R. Galère. Members: N. Dewhurst, T.L. Ferguson, J.P. Brown, J. Donnelly, J. Moore, Mrs J. Moore, A.J. Pierarts, A.J. Thorniley.

Chamber banquet 

Lieutenant Colonel George Starr represented the branch at the annual banquet of the British Chamber of Commerce at the Hotel Metropole on 14 February 1957. Guests included Jean Rey, Belgium’s Minister for Economic Affairs (and future President of the European Commission), Derek Walker-Smith, British Minister of State at the Board of Trade, and the Ambassadors of Great Britain, Canada, India and Pakistan.

Labouchere honoured 

Lieutenant Colonel George Starr represented the branch at a dinner on 16 October 1957 hosted by the Mars and Mercure business association in honour of British Ambassador Sir George Labouchere. The Ambassador said Britain favoured stronger economic ties with its European neighbours but increased cooperation would need to be balanced with its duties to the Commonwealth. (The Treaty of Rome, making Brussels the de facto capital of the new European Economic Community, was signed on 25 March 1957).

Townsend’s return

Former Honorary Vice-President Group Captain Peter Townsend returned to Brussels on 25 March 1958 after completing his 90,000 km solo world trip. He arrived in the early hours at the wheel of the same Land Rover in which he set off 17 months earlier. It was a brief stopover – Townsend was invited for tea with Princess Margaret in London the following day, leading to an avalanche of coverage about a possible marriage. Despite two further tête-à-têtes with the Princess, Townsend returned to Brussels on 24 May 1958 to write a book about his travels.

Anglo-Belgian memorial

Branch Chairman Albert Harris took part in a ceremony on 20 July 1958 to mark the new location of the Anglo-Belgian memorial in Place Poelaert. The memorial was moved due to the extension of Rue des Quatre Bras during the construction of the Stéphanie-Poelaert tunnel. Among the attendees was General Villier, British Military Attaché, General Louis Louveau, President of UFAC 14-18, and Lucien Cooremans, Mayor of Brussels.

Townsend film

On 26 August 1958 Group Captain Peter Townsend bade the branch farewell once again when he set off to make a documentary about his world tour. The filming took place in Algiers, Yugoslavia, Nigeria, Pakistan and India. Townsend was accompanied by director Victor Stoloff, photographer Marie-Luce Jamagne (Townsend's future wife), and secretary Marguerite Gerard (sister of French actress Danièle Delorme). A biography of Townsend by Norman Barrymaine was serialised in Le Soir.

Expo 58

President Lieutenant Colonel George Starr represented the branch at the Interallied Congress of Reserve Officers (Congres Interallié des Officiers de Réserve) on 30 August 1958. The congress, attended by Belgium’s future King Albert II, was part of Expo 58. Veterans of the Brigade Piron also held their annual meeting at the Expo, from 1-3 September, where they discussed how to advance “peaceful humanity”. Chairman Albert Harris attended on behalf of the branch.

Doctor honoured

Dr Paul Maurice, branch honorary doctor since 1946, was presented with life membership of the Legion on 16 February 1959 in recognition of the care he had provided to veterans and their families. Captain David Coffer, the Legion’s Deputy Secretary General, made the presentation to Dr Maurice.

Townsend presents book - and future wife

Former Honorary Vice-President Group Captain Peter Townsend returned to Brussels on 12-13 June 1959 to promote his book Earth My Friend (Terre mon amie) and film Passport to the World (Passeport pour le Monde). Soon after he announced his engagement to Marie-Luce Jamagne (video). The couple married in Watermael-Boitfort on 21 December 1959. The family later settled in France.

Peter Townsend with son Pierre, daughters Isabelle and Marie-Françoise (on horse),
and wife Marie-Luce at the family home in Saint-Léger-en-Yvelines, France, in the mid-70s


Peter with, from left, Marie-Luce and daughters Marie-Françoise and
Isabelle at the Christian Dior ball at Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte in 1985
Images kindly provided by Isabelle Townsend

1960-1980

10,000th Post 

The Last Post was sounded at the Menin Gate for the 10,000th time on 8 October 1960. The silver bugles provided by the Brussels and Antwerp branches in 1929 would continue to be in daily use until 1992. British Ambassador Sir John Nicholls and his Commonwealth counterparts were in Ypres for the milestone.

Anna Guérin 

Anna Guérin, the Frenchwoman who first had the idea of using the poppy as a symbol of remembrance, died in Paris on 16 April 1961. A teacher and lecturer, Guérin presented her idea for an “Inter-Allied Poppy Day” to British Legion officials in September 1921. Despite some scepticism, the Legion took up her offer to make a million poppies at her expense for Remembrance Day. A further eight million poppies were produced in Britain. The first Poppy Day raised £106,000 in donations (equivalent to €6.3 million/£5.3 million today). The Legion’s National President, Earl Haig, declared that the Poppy Appeal should become an annual feature thereafter.

Starr libel victory

The Times reported on 20 July 1961 that a settlement had been reached in a libel case at the High Court of Justice in London involving former branch President Lieutenant Colonel George Starr, living in Brussels, and George Weidenfield & Nicolson Ltd, publishers of the English edition of the third volume of General Charles De Gaulle’s war memoirs entitled Salvation 1944-46. The book stated that De Gaulle had expelled Starr from France at two hours’ notice and that the Englishman had been guilty of misconduct by engaging in seditious political activities with the maquis. Starr, in fact, only left France nine days after his meeting with De Gaulle in Toulouse on 16 September 1944 and was later decorated with the French Croix de Guerre and Légion d’honneur. The publishers accepted that the claims were baseless and paid a “substantial sum” in damages to Starr.

Committee 1961

The membership of the branch committee was as follows in 1961. President: Colonel Peter R. Ashburner MC, Chairman: B.R. Reynolds, Hon Secretary: Madame A.T. Lorge. Members: P.I. Lake MC, J.W.B. Macready, Mrs J.W.B. Macready, Dr A. Jordens (Hon Dentist), Dr P. Maurice (Hon Doctor), Mrs M. Warr, R. Galère, K.O. Kenneth (Vice-Consul). Chaplain: Rev H. Isherwood MVO OBE.

Pompe it up

The annual Poppy Dance on 11 November 1961 was held at the Royal, 3 Rue De la Pompe in Brussels, under the patronage of British Ambassador Sir John Nicholls. L’Orchestre Luc Marcy provided the music with the Pipers and Dancers of the 1st Battalion The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), under the direction of Pipe Major T. Anderson. Writing in the programme, President Brigadier Peter Ashburner congratulated the committee on its excellent work during the past year, with some 54 cases supported by the branch at a total cost of over 37,000 BEF. More than 80 visits were carried out, some as far as Liège and the Ardennes, by members and doctors on the committee. Brig Ashburner paid particular thanks to Chairman B.R. Reynolds, to the “indefatigable and very efficient” Honorary Secretary Madame A.T. Lorge and Dr Paul Maurice, who kindly arranged for two children to be accepted free of charge in a convalescent home.

Guards on parade

The six branches of the Legion in Belgium took part in commemorations in Brussels on 1-2 September 1962 to mark the 18th anniversary of the city’s liberation by the Guards Armoured Division. Cheered by large crowds, detachments from the Welsh Guards and Irish Guards marched from the Petit-Château barracks to the Grand Place, where they were received by Mayor of Brussels Lucien Cooremans. Lieutenant Colonel Vivian Wallace, commanding officer of the 1st Battalion of the Welsh Guards, laid a poppy wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. In the evening, the detachments performed an open-air concert. The Manneken-Pis was dressed in the uniform of the Welsh Guards for the occasion.

La Fleur du Souvenir

The branch hosted a reception at Centre Rogier on 21 March 1963 to mark its publication of a collection of poems by Georges Springael entitled La Fleur du Souvenir, inspired by the British Legion poppy. One of the poems was a tribute to the poet’s brother Albert, killed in Battle of the Yser, aged 17. He had no known grave.

Ixelles memorial

The branch was represented at the inauguration of a monument to King Albert I in Avenue Macau, Ixelles, on 19 May 1963. The ceremony was led by General André Van Sprang and General André de Meeûs d’Argenteuil, representing Queen Elisabeth.

Aden Emergency

Hostilities were triggered on 4 October 1963 when a grenade, thrown at British High Commissioner Sir Kennedy Travaskis at Aden Airport, killed two people and wounded 50 others. The National Liberation Front and Front for the Liberation of Occupied South Yemen waged a guerilla campaign against British forces, which suffered 600 casualties including 90 dead. The British quit Aden by the end of November 1967.

Annual ball

British Ambassador Sir Roderick Barclay and Lady Barclay were among the guests at the branch’s annual ball at the Hotel Metropole on 8 November 1963. They were greeted by branch President Colonel (later Brigadier) Peter Ashburner MC, British Military Attaché. Music was provided by the Luc Marcy Orchestra. 

The Great Escape

The Brussels branch, Royal Air Force Association, Fonds des Barbelés (national federation of former prisoners of war) and la Saint-Nicolas des petits déshérités were the beneficiaries of a fund-raising premiere of The Great Escape (La grande évasion), starring Steve McQueen and Richard Attenborough, at the Eldorado on 20 November 1963. The Women’s RAF Central Band, who flew in specially for the event from London, performed the film’s theme tune, Hey High and Airborne and the RAF March. The branch was represented by President Colonel Peter Ashburner MC, Chairman Albert Harris, Honorary Secretary Major Douglas Cooper, and Kenneth H. Ross. Lady Jean Barclay led the British Embassy delegation.


A glorious gala fundraiser to mark the release
of The Great Escape, covered in Le Soir

Battlefield pilgrimage

Honorary Secretary Major Douglas Cooper represented the branch at a meeting of the Group of Combined Branches in Belgium in Ghent on 4 April 1964. Major Rivers from London HQ briefed branch representatives on a planned pilgrimage to the battlefields of Belgium and France in September to mark the 50th anniversary of the outbreak of the First World War

Devoted director

Brigadier Peter Ashburner, Chairman B. Reynolds and the Legion committee hosted a dinner on 29 April 1964 to honour Madeleine Bihet, director of the Institut Edith Cavell, for the “extreme devotion” she had shown to British veterans. Brigadier Ashburner also thanked Dr Armand Colard for the care he provided to British airmen during the war.

Alan Thorniley MBE

Long-standing branch member (and future Chairman) Alan G. Thorniley was awarded the MBE in the Queen’s Birthday Honours on 13 June 1964. Major Thorniley served in the Royal Armoured Corps. 

Piron monument

Brigadier Peter Ashburner represented the branch and British Embassy at the inauguration of the Brigade Piron monument in Molenbeek-St-Jean on 6 September 1964, during commemorations to mark the 20th anniversary of the liberation of Brussels. The memorial was unveiled by the Brigade’s former commander, Lieutenant General Jean-Baptiste Piron. Detachments from Britain, the US, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and a Belgian “Liberation Battalion” paraded. The VIP delegation included Colonel Georges Danloy, wartime commander of No.10 (Inter-Allied) Commando’s Belgian troop, representing King Baudouin, and Edmond Machtens, Mayor of Molenbeek, as well as the ambassadors of Israel, China, Luxembourg and the military attachés of the US, Canada, the USSR, France, the Netherlands and Czechoslovakia. To this day, members of the Brussels branch continue to attend the annual commemoration at the monument in Parc des Muses.

The Train

President Brigadier Peter Ashburner and Chairman Albert Harris represented the branch at the Belgian film premiere of The Train at the Eldorado on 30 September 1964. One of the film’s stars, Michel Simon (Papa Boule), attended the screening. Other VIPs at the screening included British Ambassador Sir Roderick Barclay, French Ambassador Henry Spitzmuller, and Lieutenant General Jean-Baptiste Piron. The box-office raised funds for charitable works by the Brigade Piron and Belgian veterans who served with British forces during the war.

Tribute to Churchill

Branch representatives took part in a ceremony to commemorate the life of Winston Churchill at the Anglo-Belgian monument in Place Poelaert on 30 January 1965. General Jean-Baptiste Piron and Brussels Mayor Lucien Cooremans attended the event, which was held at the same time as the state funeral for Britain’s wartime Prime Minister in London.

Waterloo anniversary

A delegation from the branch took part in a ceremony at Hougoumont Farm on 18 June 1965 to mark the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo. Also present were the Duke of Kent, representing Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, British Ambassador Sir Roderick Barclay, Dutch General Schoemaeker, and the Mayors of Waterloo and Braine-l’Alleud. Poppy wreaths were also laid at the French, Prussian and Belgian memorials on the battlefield and the Chapel Royal in Waterloo. The Coldstream Guards, Scots Guards and German Nassau and Hanoverian troops defended Hougoumont from assaults by Napoleon’s infantry throughout the battle.

Death of General Needham

The Times reported the passing of former branch President Major General Henry Needham on 29 August 1965. The General, who served as Military Attaché in Brussels in 1922 and commanded Bombay District from 1931-35, died at King Edward VII Hospital, Windsor. He was 89.

President Michael’s tribute

New branch President Brigadier Michael Hunter CVO DSO MBE and Mayor of Forest Léon Wielemans laid wreaths on the Pont de la 2me Armée Britannique during a commemoration on 4 September 1965 to mark the 21st anniversary of the liberation of Brussels.


First-day cover signed by Peter Townsend and book dedication
to branch member Ivan Brogniez. Images: Alain Brogniez

Battle of Britain stamps

The General Post Office in the UK issued a set of stamps on 13 September 1965 to mark the 25th anniversary of the Battle of Britain. A branch member, the late Ivan Brogniez, father of current committee member Alain Brogniez, snapped up a first-day cover. He later had it signed by Group Captain Peter Townsend, together with the French edition of Duel of Eagles (Un Duel D’Aigles).

Albert Harris MBE

British Ambassador Sir Roderick Barclay presented the MBE insignia to branch Chairman Albert Harris on 29 October 1965. Harris had chaired the Brussels branch for 11 years.

CBE for Peter

Former branch President Brigadier Peter Ashburner MC was awarded the CBE (Commander, Order of the British Empire) in the New Year’s Honours List on 1 January 1966.


Dionne Warwick and Sacha Distel with artists from Viva Maria. Image: Le Soir

Dionne and Sacha sing for the branch

US star Dionne Warwick and French singer Sacha Distel performed at a fundraising gala for the branch and Brigade Piron in front of a 2,700-strong audience at the Eldorado on 2 March 1966. The singers were serenaded by pipers from the Black Watch and introduced to British Ambassador Sir Roderick Barclay, branch Chairman Albert Harris, General Jean-Baptiste Piron and Raymond Moos, President of the Brigade Piron veterans. Other attendees from the branch included President Brigadier Michael Hunter, Vice-Chairman Alan G. Thorniley and Honorary Vice-President R.E. Higgins. The gala, organised by Le Soir, also featured a screening of the Louis Malle film Viva Maria starring Brigitte Bardot and Jeanne Moreau.

Military festival

The Brussels tourist office hosted a festival of Anglo-Belgian military music at the Palais des Sports on 4 May 1966. Proceeds from the event, a curtain-raiser ahead of an official visit to Brussels by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, were shared between the branch and Belgian military charities. British Ambassador Sir Roderick Barclay, Mayor of Brussels Lucien Cooremans and Mayor of Schaerbeek Gaston Williot were among those watching from the tribune d’honneur.

Royal visit

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip paid an official visit to Belgium from 9-12 May 1966 (footage). After landing at Brussels Airport, the Royal party, accompanied by King Baudouin, began their visit by paying their respects at the Anglo-Belgian Memorial in Place Poelaert, where some 86 veterans provided a guard of honour. In his capacity as British Military Attaché, branch President Brigadier Michael Hunter laid a wreath on behalf of Her Majesty. Other members of the branch and the RAF Association also laid poppy wreaths. A similar ceremony took place at the Colonne du Congrès, where the Queen and Prince Philip signed the livre d’or.
The main welcome for the Queen took place in the Grand Place, where Her Majesty, accompanied by King Baudouin and Mayor of Brussels Lucien Cooremans, inspected a guard of honour composed of British and Belgian veterans. Among those representing the branch were Vice-President Albert Harris, Jack Brett and Standard Bearer Eric Johnson. The Queen paid tribute to the Belgians who had crossed the Channel to fight alongside its ally during the Second World War, “distinguishing themselves on land, sea and air”. Britain would never forget those who risked all to serve the common cause of freedom, she said. During their four-day visit, Her Majesty and Prince Philip also visited Antwerp, Liège, Bruges, Tyne Cot, Poperinge, Ypres and Ostend, before departing by plane from Middelkerke (later re-named Ostend-Bruges Airport).

The Queen and King Baudouin (in uniform) greet branch members
including Albert Harris and Standard Bearer Eric Johnson (right)

Battle of the Bulge

The Théâtre des Varietés-Cinérama hosted a fund-raising screening of the Battle of the Bulge (Bataille des Ardennes) on 13 September 1966. The show opened with a concert by French singer and actress Corinne Marchand. The audience included US Ambassador Ridgway B. Knight, General Jean-Baptiste Piron, branch member Colonel Jean Bloch (who was captured in the battle but later escaped from a PoW camp in Bavaria), Louis Olivier, Mayor of Bastogne, and branch Chairman Albert Harris.

Committee 1967 

The branch committee in 1967 was constituted as follows. President: Brigadier H.M.A. Hunter CVO DSO MBE. Vice-Presidents: N. Dewhurst MC, R.E. Higgins, V.L.J. Snutsel, A.F.J. Harris MBE, D.C.V. Cooper. Chairman: A.G. Thorniley MBE, Hon Secretary: P.M. Allen, Hon Treasurer: R. Slingo, Standard Bearers: E. Johnson and J. Brett. Members: A.H. Bradley, J.P. Brown, H.J. Edmonds, A. Empringham, R. Galère, A.T. Kane, A.O. Smith, R. Stappaerts, H.V. Whenham.

Service Committee 1967

Chairman: R. Galère, Hon Secretary: A.T. Lorge MBE, Hon. Treasurer: R. Slingo. Members: L.E. Ahlberg (representing British Charitable Fund), Rev H. Isherwood MVO, OBE, C. Jordens, T. Hennessy (Royal Air Forces Association), Dr P. Maurice OBE (Hon Doctor), S.E. Laurenson (Vice-Consul), H. More (Pro Consul). Delegates for Liège area: G. De Ville OBE, U. Hurard. Hon Social Adviser: J. Christophe, Institut Edith Cavell. Hon Dentist: Dr A. Jordens. Hon Lawyer: Maître P. Lauwers.

Silver star

Standard Bearer Eric Johnson represented the branch at the town of Nieuwpoort’s annual homage to King Albert I and the heroes of the Yser campaign on 6 August 1967. His presence was recognised with an Etoile Argentée (silver star), presented in the name of burgomaster Floribert Gheeraert and Jos Strobbe, national Vice-President of the Fédération Nationale des Combattants (F.N.C.).

British Week

Belgium's Prince Albert and Lord Snowdon, husband of Princess Margaret, opened “British Week” in Brussels on 29 September 1967. Lord Snowdon was accompanied by Anthony Crosland, President of the Board of Trade, and British Ambassador Sir Roderick Barclay. Sir Robert Bellinger, Lord Mayor of London and his Belgian-born wife Lady Christine, were hosted by the Ommegang at the Maison du Cygne before the finale of the week – a magnificent spectacle of martial music in the Grand Place on 7 October. Among those taking part were The Life Guards, Coldstream Guards, Black Watch, Irish Guards, Duke of Wellington’s Royal Regiment, and Duke of Edinburgh’s Regiment. The Life Guards took part in a ceremony with representatives of the branch at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

Piron honoured

General Jean-Baptiste Piron, commander of the Free Belgian Forces in the Second World War, was made an honorary member of the branch on 18 October 1967.

Tombola prizes

The tombola at the annual Poppy Dance at the Hotel Metropole on 4 November 1967 promised three top prizes: a Burberry raincoat for ladies or men, provided by the English House, two return tickets for Zeebrugge-Dover, courtesy of Townsend Thoresen European Ferries, and a Gor-ray tartan evening kilt, also provided by the English House. The foreword in the event programme was penned by Ambassador Sir Roderick Barclay.    


Actor Terence Stamp with admirers. Image: Le Soir

Stamp of approval

Terence Stamp made a personal appearance at the premiere of Far From The Madding Crowd (Loin de la foule déchaînée) at the Palais des Beaux Arts on 28 March 1968. The screening, organised by Le Soir, was in aid of branch funds, the Brigade Piron veterans and the newspaper’s charity. Among the attendees were British Ambassador Sir Roderick Barclay, South African Ambassador M. Stern and Israelian Ambassador Amiel E. Najar, who were welcomed by branch Vice-President Albert Harris and General Jean-Baptiste Piron. The guard of honour was provided by the Royal Engineers.

Michael retires

Brigadier Michael Hunter stepped down as British Military Attaché and branch President after retiring from the Army in June 1968. He was succeeded by Brigadier A.I. Hulton MBE.

Galère tribute

Long-serving committee member Roger Galère represented the branch at a reception hosted by echevin Yvonne Van Leynseele at the Hôtel de Ville to mark the 24th anniversary of the liberation on 3 September 1968. The delegation, including Georges Courmont, national president of the Brigade Piron association, later greeted the “oldest bourgeois” in Brussels, the Manneken-Pis, dressed in the uniform of a sergeant in the Brigade.

Final salute

Vice-President Albert Harris and branch member Colonel Jean Bloch paid their respects at the funeral of Commandant Raymond Moos, former President of the Brigade Piron veterans, on 21 February 1969.

Death of Captain Dewhurst

A notice published in Le Soir on 27 February 1969 announced the death of former branch Vice-President Captain Norman Dewhurst MC. A reference to two of his decorations – the Serbian White Eagle with Swords and Greek Order of the Redeemer – was the only hint that his was not a typical military career. Dewhurst was in fact a globe-trotting spy who worked undercover in both world wars. Lucky to survive at Gallipoli, he served with T.E. Lawrence in Cairo and Compton Mackenzie in the Aegean. Dewhurst was almost caught spying for MI6 in Nazi Germany. After cheating death in a bomb blast in Brussels, he worked for RAF counter-intelligence in Germany until he was demobbed in 1947. He returned to Belgium and joined the branch, serving on the same committee as Lieutenant Colonel George Starr and Group Captain Peter Townsend. Fellow branch member H.J. Edmonds published a biography on Dewhurst in 1968. His funeral took place at Holy Trinity on 29 February. Jack Brett acted as branch Standard Bearer.


Biography by H.J. Edmonds, Dewhurst in Munich in 1937

Norman Dewhurst's funeral at Holy Trinity

Committee 1969

The branch committee in 1969 was constituted as follows. President: Brigadier A.I. Hulton MBE. Vice-Presidents: R.E. Higgins, V.L.J. Snutsel, A.F.J. Harris MBE. Chairman: A.G. Thorniley MBE, Vice-Chairman: D.C.V. Cooper, Hon Secretary: P.M. Allen, Hon Treasurer: R. Slingo, Standard Bearers: E. Johnson and J. Brett. Members: J.P. Brown, A. Empringham, C.R. Reed, H.J. Edmonds, R. Galère, J. Reynolds, A.T. Kane, R. Stappaerts.

Standard Bearer Eric Johnson, right, with deputy Jack Brett

The Troubles

British troops were deployed in Northern Ireland on 14-15 August 1969 to assist in halting sectarian violence between Catholic and Protestant groups. It was the beginning of “The Troubles” which would last until the Good Friday Agreement, signed on 10 April 1998. More than 3,500 people lost their lives during the conflict, including more than 1,800 civilians and 1,000 members or former members of the British security forces.  


Prince Albert with British and Belgian pilots who fought
in the Battle of Britain. Image: Le Soir

Battle of Britain

Prince Albert, British Ambassador Sir John Beith and pilots who fought in the Battle of Britain were guests of honour at the premiere of Guy Hamilton’s film of the same name, screened at the Marivaux cinema on 24 September 1969. Among the British and Belgian pilots introduced to the audience was former branch Honorary Vice-President Group Captain Peter Townsend, an adviser for the film. He revealed that he was writing a book about the 1940 battle to be entitled Duel of Eagles. Olivier Delville, host for Le Soir’s philanthropic events, opened the proceedings with the famous words of Winston Churchill: “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.” The RAF Germany band performed Spitfire Prelude, Churchill March and The Dambusters.

25th anniversary

The branch organised a ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on 14 June 1970 to mark the 25th anniversary of the end of the Second World War. The event was attended by veterans “from all corners of Europe”. Music was provided by the band of the 1st Kings Regiment, stationed in Germany. The standard bearer was Eric Johnson.


Coverage in Le Soir on the 25th anniversary of VE Day

Picnic parties and songs

The February 1971 issue of the Brigade Piron newsletter devoted a page to events organised by the Brussels branch of the RBL including picnic parties “right up in the country in the pine trees” and fish and chips at the Queen Victoria Pub on Rond Point de la Loi. The page also published the lyrics to popular songs such as Pack Up Your Troubles, Two Lovely Black Eyes and For Me and My Girl. Readers were also urged to join the branch by contacting the Honorary Secretary, P. Myhill-Allen.

ROYAL British Legion

While the British Legion had royal patronage from its founding in 1921, members were delighted when it was granted permission by the Crown to add “Royal” to its name on 29 May 1971, the 50th anniversary of its creation. The change of name also had a more prosaic impact – it meant the Brussels branch needed to order new stationery.

Income headache

Speaking at a meeting of the Group of Combined Branches in Belgium on 18 March 1972, Brussels Vice-President Albert Harris warned of the increasing difficulty of collecting sufficient funds to meet its obligations. Brussels had not sent back any money raised from the Poppy Appeal to London HQ as it was all needed for supporting beneficiaries in Brussels, he said.

Golden wedding

The Times announced the golden wedding anniversary of former branch Chairman Major William Parker Wrathall and his wife Alice née Pilkington on 26 April 1972. The couple, who celebrated at their home in Beaconsfield, married at St Michael’s Church, Headingley, on 26 April 1922.

Eric wins the Cup

Eric Johnson from Brussels branch won the Standard Bearer’s Competition at the Combined RBL Branches in Belgium annual rally held in Antwerp on 3 September 1972. Marks for each competitor were based on the drill, dress and procedure rules set out in the Legion’s Ceremonial and Services pamphlet. These cover neatness of dress and general bearing, maintenance of standard, sling and gauntlets, the order, movement and position, dipping for the National Anthem, carrying at quick march, dipping for Act of Homage and dipping in wet or muddy conditions. Some 200 members from Brussels, Antwerp, Ghent, Ostend and Ypres were joined by 70 members of the Brigade Piron for the competition. The trophy was presented to Eric by K.C.B. Chambers, the Legion’s national treasurer.
The rally coincided with the 28th anniversary of Antwerp’s liberation on 4 September 1944 when a squadron of the 11th Armoured Division under Colonel David Silvertop entered the city and cleared the port area. A service conducted by the Rev. J.E.T.G. Williams, Rural Dean of Belgium, took place next to the Cromwell Tank memorial, a survivor of the first unit. Music was played by the Band and Corps of Bugles the 1st Battalion The Royal Green Jackets.


Eric Johnson with his trophy, family and friends, in 1973 at Ostend.
From left: Viviane Pede-Moffatt, Jean-Pierre Pede, Eric Johnson, Monette Johnson, Jackie Harris, Andrée Cooper, Marieka Moffatt, Paul Lintz

Committee 1972

The branch committee in 1972 was constituted as follows. President: Colonel John F. Kenyon OBE MC. Vice-Presidents: R.E. Higgins, A.F.J. Harris MBE, A.G. Thorniley MBE, V.L.J. Snutsel. Chairman: D.C.V. Cooper, Vice-Chairman: R. Galère, Hon Secretary: P.M Allen, Hon Treasurer: A.T. Lorge MBE, Hon Registrar: Lt Col D.J.T. Stewart, Chaplain: Rev P. Duplock, Standard Bearers: E. Johnson and J. Brett. Members: A. Empringham, M.B. Evans, Major M.J. Reynolds, J.N. Higgins, M. D’Hondt, M. Nossent.

Sub-Committee Entertainment 1972 

Chairman: A. Empringham. Members: F. Empringham, M. D’Hondt, M. Evans, E. Thompson, H. Moffatt, M. Nossent.


Sir John Beith and Lady Diana Beith, pictured in the programme

Beith’s appeal

Jos Segers and his orchestra provided the music at the annual Poppy Dance held at the Hotel Metropole on 4 November 1972, with an interlude by pipers and dancers of the 1st Battalion Queen’s Own Highlanders. Writing in the programme for the event, British Ambassador Sir John Beith appealed for a generous response to the Poppy Appeal, noting that the branch was actively concerned with supporting 45 local cases. “With the rise in the cost of living, and the increase in age of ex-servicemen and their dependents as the years pass by, the need for funds is an ever increasing one,” he said.

UK joins EEC

The United Kingdom joined the European Economic Community on 1 January 1973.

MBE for Gordon

Branch member and Normandy veteran Gordon D. Staple, owner of The English House clothing store, was appointed Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the Queen's Birthday Honours on 2 June 1973 for services to British commercial interests in Belgium.

We’ll Meet Again

Forces’ sweetheart Vera Lynn, best known for her 1939 hit We’ll Meet Again, was guest of honour at the annual Poppy Ball at the Metropole Hotel on 16 November 1973. As well as singing her most popular songs, branch member Flore (Fleur) Empringham later recalled how down-to-earth Lynn also brought “stacks” of records to sell for the benefit of the Legion. Lynn, accompanied by her husband Harry Lewis, was invited to Brussels by branch Chairman Douglas Cooper and Fleur’s husband, head of entertainment Arthur Empringham. Ahead of the event, several branch members attended a cocktail party for Miss Lynn hosted by British Embassy Consul G.S. McWilliam.


Dame Vera Lynn, right, with Flore at the 1973 Poppy Ball 

Death of Piron

The branch was saddened to learn of the death of honorary member General Jean-Baptiste Piron, former commander of the Brigade Piron and post-war head of the Belgian Army, on 4 September 1974. The general, who attended many branch events over the years, died of a heart attack in his home in Uccle after participating in commemorations to mark the 30th anniversary of the liberation. He was 78. General Piron’s final resting place is in the “pelouse d’honneur” at Molenbeek-Saint-Jean cemetery.


Pat Kirkwood at the height of her fame

Kirkwood stars

Pat Kirkwood, star of film, stage and television, as she was billed in the programme, provided the cabaret at the annual Poppy Dance at the Hotel Metropole on 9 November 1974. Miss Kirkwood found fame during the Second World War, performing at the London Palladium during the Blitz and was signed up by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in the US. The then Duke of Edinburgh was said to be one of her biggest fans.

Horace, Peter and Richard Westmacott

Horace Field Westmacott, the branch’s first Chairman, died in March 1975. He was 85. Wounded at the Second Battle of Ypres, he met his future wife, Belgian-born Andrée Gavage, while recovering from his injuries. Following their marriage the couple moved to Brussels, where Captain Westmacott served as a military intelligence officer at the British Embassy from 1921-34. The couple then returned to the UK. Andrée died eight years after her husband. They were laid to rest in Edington, Somerset, in the village where they wed. 

 


Silver cigarette case presented to H.F. Westmacott by colleagues

at the British Embassy. Image courtesy of Sir Peter Westmacott

Their son Ian continued in the family’s military tradition, serving in the Royal Navy on the aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious during the Second World War before later becoming a vicar. One of Horace’s grandsons, Sir Peter Westmacott GCMG LVO, followed in his footsteps to Brussels when he posted to the European Commission on secondment as a fonctionnaire en échange by the Foreign Office in 1978-80. He went on to become deputy private secretary to The Prince of Wales and the UK’s Ambassador to Turkey, France and the United States during Barack Obama’s presidency.
Captain Herbert (Richard) Westmacott MC, the son of Ian’s cousin Herbert (Pat) Westmacott DSO DSC and Bar, a Second World War submariner, was killed serving with the SAS in Belfast in 1980.

Brussels hosts rally

Brussels hosted the annual rally for the Group of Combined Branches in Belgium from 25-27 April 1975. The programme included a Beating Retreat by the Band of the Royal Marines in the Grand Place and a commemoration service at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. British Ambassador Sir David Muirhead had been “much pleased” to join the parade, said Vice-President Albert Harris.

Jubilee honours

Vice-President Albert Harris was awarded the OBE and Vice-Chairman Roger Galère the MBE in Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s Silver Jubilee and Birthday Honours List, announced on 11 June 1977. The awards were for their services to British veterans in Belgium for over 20 years.

Dancing to the RAF

The Sheraton Hotel in Place Rogier was the venue for the Silver Jubilee Poppy Dance on 18 November 1977, under the high patronage of Ambassador Sir David Muirhead. The Dance Band of The Royal Air Force Band Germany and The Pipes and Drums and Dancers of The Scots Guards provided the music.

Committee 1977

The branch committee in 1977 was constituted as follows. President: Colonel E.W. Nicoll MVO. Vice-Presidents: A.F.J. Harris OBE, R.E. Higgins, V.L.J. Snutsel, G.D. Staple MBE TD, A.G. Thorniley MBE. Chairman: D.C.V. Cooper MBE, Vice-Chairman: R. Galère MBE, Hon Treasurer: G. Lapthorn, Chaplain: Rev P. Duplock OBE, Standard Bearer: E. Johnson, Reserve: J. Brett. Members: P. Allen, M. D’Hondt, M.B. Evans, A. Empringham, H. Moffatt, M. Nossent, P. Sinnott.

Committee 1978 

The branch committee in 1978 was unchanged apart from three new members: D.S. Harrison, A. Lloyd Thomas and W.E. Warner. The Rev P. Duplock OBE joined the Service Committee as a co-opted member.


Sir David Muirhead, pictured in the programme

Dancing to 2.30am

The annual Poppy Dance on 18 November 1978 was held at the Brussels Sheraton Hotel, with music provided by the Dance Band of the 2nd Battalion The Royal Irish Rangers and The Pipes and Dancers of The Royal Irish Rangers. Dancing was from 8.30pm to 2.30am with a midnight tombola and buffet supper. Ambassador Sir David Muirhead wrote the foreword for the event programme, urging the public to give generously to the Poppy Appeal. “A sudden illness, an accident or just loneliness can all too often undermine the wellbeing of our veterans and it is to the Royal British Legion, with over fifty years of devoted service, who provide the necessary help,” he wrote.


Screening was a fundraiser for the branch

Yanks avant-première

John Schlesinger’s film Yanks was screened in an avant-première fund-raiser for the branch at the Auditorium Du Passage 44 in Brussels on 22 February 1979. Starring Richard Gere and Lisa Eichhorn in her movie debut, the film depicted the relationships formed between British women and US troops during the build-up to D-Day. The event was hosted in association with Belgian newspaper La Dernière Heure.   

IRA bombs Grand Place

Seven bandsmen from the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment and 11 civilians were injured following an explosion in Brussels’ Grand Place on 28 August 1979. The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) claimed responsibility for the attack. A device was planted under an open-air stage and casualties would have been worse but for the fact the concert had not yet started.
The attack came during a period of heightened violence during ‘The Troubles’. The day before, 79-year-old Lord Mountbatten, former First Sea Lord and last Viceroy of India, was killed by a radio-controlled bomb planted on his fishing boat at Mullaghmore in County Sligo, Ireland. His grandson Nicholas Knatchbull, 14, crew member Paul Maxwell, 15, and Doreen, Dowager Lady Brabourne, 83, also died. On the same day, 18 British soldiers were killed and over 20 seriously injured during an IRA ambush at Warrenpoint, County Down.

Membership up

Figures for 1979 show that Brussels had the second highest membership in the country with 415 members – including 170 ordinary members (those who had served in the British forces) and 245 associate members. Ypres had the highest number with 582 members, split between 110 ordinary members and 472 associate members.

 
Friends for life. Eric Johnson and Harry Moffatt in Liberty Square, 1979

Queen’s message

The branch hosted the annual rally of the Group of Combined Branches in Belgium, together with representatives from the UK, France, the Netherlands and Germany, on 15 June 1980. The meeting celebrated Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s official birthday, the 35th anniversary of Victory in Europe and 150th anniversary of Belgium’s independence. In a message from Buckingham Palace to Brussels branch Chairman Douglas Cooper, the Queen sent “very best wishes for all concerned for an enjoyable and successful day”. 

Starr’s final journey

George Starr MC DSO, the branch’s high-profile Chairman and President during the 1950s, died in Senlis, France, on 2 September 1980. He was 76. Lieutenant Colonel Starr, code-name “Hilaire”, led the Special Operations Executive “Wheelwright” resistance network in southwest France from November 1942 until September 1944.

Montgomery statue

Branch Vice-President Albert Harris, Chairman Douglas Cooper, Standard Bearer Eric Johnson and other members attended the inauguration of a statue of Field Marshal Montgomery on 7 September 1980. The work near the roundabout at Square Maréchal Montgomery was created by Croatian sculptor Oscar Nemon and commemorates the liberation of Brussels on 3 September 1944 by forces under Montgomery’s command. The statue was unveiled by Wilfried Martens, the Belgian Prime Minister, and General Sir Jack Harman, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe. The bands of the Grenadier Guards and Royal Artillery, as well as the Belgian Guards Regiment, played the national anthems as the Union Jack and Belgian flag were drawn down from the bronze statue showing Monty in battledress and his famous beret. Major General Ronald Belchem, Montgomery’s former chief of staff, gave a short address recalling the liberation. The ceremony, held in brilliant sunshine, attracted a crowd of over 1,000 and was part of the celebrations to mark the 150th anniversary of Belgium’s independence. The statue has a “twin” in London.


The unveiling of Field Marshal Montgomery's statue, well attended by the Brussels branch.
Eric Johnson carries the standard with (from left) Albert Harris and Doug Cooper on parade

1980-2000

Death of former President

Former branch President Brigadier Michael Hunter died on 11 November 1981. He was 68. After retiring as Military Attaché in 1968, he served from 1969 to 1976 as Colonel of The Duke of Edinburgh’s Royal Regiment.

Falklands War

Argentinian troops invaded the Falkland Islands on 2 April 1982. The UK assembled a taskforce of 127 ships and 42 Harrier jets to sail to the South Atlantic and free the islands – a mission the US described as “a military impossibility”. The Argentines surrendered on 14 June. 255 British lives were lost during the conflict, as well as three islanders.

Farewell Harry

The branch lost one of its stalwart members, Harry Moffatt, who passed away, aged 64, on 11 May 1983. The funeral took place at Holy Trinity in Ixelles and Harry was laid to rest at Etterbeek Cemetery in Wezembeek-Oppem. Normandy veteran Harry took part in the liberation of Brussels in 1944 and settled in Belgium after his marriage to Marika (see above). After running a laundry business with his wife in Etterbeek for many years, in May 1968 Harry joined the Westminster Foreign Bank, reporting to fellow branch member Hugh Oxley CBE, President of the foreign bank section of the Belgian Bankers’ Association and President of the British Chamber of Commerce.

40th anniversary

Vice-President Albert Harris and a strong representation from the branch attended a ceremony on 4 September 1984 at the Anglo-Belgian Memorial in Place Poelaert to mark the 40th anniversary of the liberation of Brussels. The Welsh Guards and Grenadier Guards paraded in the Grand Place, where they were inspected by 24-year-old Prince (now King) Philippe. The Pipes and Drums of the Scots Guards performed regimental music. A televised military music pageant took place in the evening. There was a special welcome for 86-year-old Major General Sir Allan Adair, commander of the Guards Armoured Division which liberated the city 40 years earlier. He entered the Grand Place to cheering, accompanied by Lieutenant Colonel Sir John Miller and veterans of the Welsh Guards, who were the first to enter Brussels in 1944. NATO Secretary General Lord Carrington, UK Ambassador Sir Edward Jackson and Brussels Mayor Hervé Brouhon were among the dignitaries present.

In the phone book

The branch meeting on 10 September 1984 was informed that a telephone was now installed in the branch club-house at 153 Avenue Eugène Plasky, Schaerbeek. The phone number was 736 8529. Vice-President Gordon D. Staple kindly offered to meet the installation cost. A letter from national Chairman General Sir Patrick Howard-Dobson thanked the branch for its hospitality during his recent visit to Brussels.

New President

Colonel Colin Eaton OBE, the new British Defence Attaché, was unanimously elected as President on 20 September 1985, succeeding Colonel Ken Marchant. Sadly, his tenure was very brief. Branch Chairman Douglas Cooper informed the committee on 2 December 1985 that he had received news of the sudden and unexpected death of Colonel Eaton. The members stood in silent tribute.

Price of success

The annual Poppy Dance at the Brussels Europa Hotel on 23 November 1985 was deemed a great success, both socially and financially. But the branch Chairman regretted that publicity about it in Le Soir had resulted in a demand for 5,000 Belgian francs (€125) from the Société des Auteurs Belges/Belgische Auteurs Maatschappij (SABAM). He suggested that newspaper publicity should be avoided in future.

Loyal greetings

Vice-President Albert Harris proposed that the branch send loyal greetings to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on the occasion of her 60th official birthday on 14 June 1986. (The Queen actually celebrates her real birthday on 21 April, but it is customary for British sovereigns whose birthday falls in colder months to have an official birthday in the summer in the hope of good weather for their birthday parade, known as Trooping the Colour).

‘Home’ improvements

Committee member Serge Dauchat (Liaison Officer, 2ème Brigade “Yser”) informed members on 3 November 1986 that he had secured a heater for the club-house from a former comrade for 6,000 Belgian francs (€150), plus fitting costs. The club recently acquired 15 chairs from the same source for 400 Belgian francs (€10) each, as well as the gift of a new counter for the bar from Mr Dauchat. The committee agreed to buy a plaque engraved with a suitable inscription to recognise his generosity. Committee member Roger Galère also provided a second-hand fan for the window in the bar and a small heater for the ladies’ lavatory (both free of charge).

They served

Addressing the committee on 14 September 1987, Chairman Douglas Cooper spoke of the sad loss of three members who had contributed much to the branch. George Lapthorn, a member for nearly 40 years, was Honorary Treasurer from 1976-86. “His service to the Legion and Brussels branch was an example to everyone,” said the Chairman. Simone Nossent (died 16 August 1987), wife of Honorary Registrar Marcel Nossent, had provided “enthusiastic support in all our activities”. John Latz, an ex-paratrooper, veteran of the Battle of Arnhem and member for the past four years, had only recently retired. Their funerals were well attended by members and friends from the branch.

Strictly reserved

A ‘special party evening’ took place at the club-house on 26 February 1988 to celebrate the leap year. A note from Chairman Douglas Cooper underlined that the bash was “strictly reserved for General Committee members and their wives”.

Escapers return to Gibraltar

Branch member Lieutenant-Colonel Aviateur Léon Rubin was among 100 Belgian air force veterans who visited Gibraltar from 24-28 May 1988 to commemorate their daring escapes from occupied Europe, via the Rock, nearly half a century before. The veterans were waved off from Melsbroek by British Air Attaché Wing Commander John Landeryou and greeted on arrival by Air Commodore Brian ‘Dink’ Lemon, Air Officer Commanding Gibraltar. The RAF Escaping Society (RAFES) unveiled a plaque at the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity with the words: “The gates of Gibraltar were the gateway to freedom.” 
Among those present were Governor of Gibraltar Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Terry with Micheline (‘Michou’) Dumon and her sister Andrée (Nadine) Dumon of the Comète Line resistance network, who helped allied soldiers and airmen escape from Belgium. Andrée survived imprisonment at Ravensbrück and Mauthausen, has a street named after her in Uccle and was 99 years old at the time of writing.
The group then flew to RAF Brize Norton and travelled to London for a reception at Lancaster House hosted by Roger Freeman, Under Secretary of State for the Armed Forces. RAFES President Air Chief Marshal Sir Lewis Hodges, a former SOE pilot who flew future French Presidents Vincent Auriol and François Mitterrand to Britain during the war, Squadron Leader Edward Hearn DFC, Chairman of RAFES in Belgium, and Sir Edward Jackson, former British Ambassador to Belgium, attended the event. The London leg of the reunion also included a reception at the Belgian Embassy hosted by Ambassador Jean-Paul Van Bellinghen and ceremonies at the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior in Westminster Abbey, St Clement Danes Church and the Air Forces Memorial in Runnymede, which commemorates over 20,000 men and women, including 44 Belgians, who were lost in the Second World War during operations and who have no known graves.
The story of Léon Rubin’s perilous escape from Belgium is told here and he described the 1988 reunion in Colonel Guy Weber’s book Le rendez-vous de Gibraltar. Guy Weber escaped to Britain himself and served in the Brigade Piron, alongside another distinguished branch member, Colonel Jean Bloch, and later in Katanga-Congo, then as an adviser to General Lyman Lemnitzer, Supreme Allied Commander Europe of NATO, and aide-de-camp to former King Léopold III and Princess Lilian.  


From top: Léon Rubin and wife Rayky on their wedding day, 
Andrée Dumon, sister Micheline and her husband Pierre Ugeux,
the cover of Guy Weber's book and RAFES emblem

President back

Former branch President and Defence Attaché Colonel John F. Kenyon joined members to commemorate Armistice Day on 11 November 1988.  


Colonel John F. Kenyon

Poppy Dance 1988

Bobby Canarius and his Orchestra provided the music for the annual Poppy Dance at the Brussels Europa Hotel on 19 November 1988, with a magnificent floor show from the Pipes, Drums and Dancers of the Lowlanders Band. Tickets were 12,000 BEF – higher than previously because the committee decided to have a hot meal served at table instead of the usual buffet.

Albert Guerisse

Major-General Count Albert Guerisse, alias Pat O’Leary, died in Brussels on 26 March, 1989, aged 77. He ran the O’Leary Escape Line, along which more than 600 Allied servicemen made their way to Britain during the Second World War. His wartime exploits were recognised with the award of the George Cross – the citation recalled his “exceptional work organising the escape of Allied officers and men from France; for his refusal under torture to betray his comrades when he was captured by the Gestapo; and for his great moral and physical encouragement of his fellow prisoners in various concentration camps”. He retired as Director-General of the Medical Service of the Belgian Forces. His wife, Sylvia Cooper Smith, died in 1985 and he was survived by a son who followed him into the medical profession.

Falklands veteran

Lieutenant Commander Allen Hardcastle was a visitor to the club-house on 13 October 1989. A Lieutenant Engineer on HMS Glamorgan during the Falklands War, his ship was hit by an Exocet missile on 12 June 1982, leaving 14 dead and many wounded.

Eric BEM

Standard Bearer Eric Johnson was awarded the British Empire Medal (BEM) in Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s 1990 New Year Honours List in recognition of his services to British interests in Belgium. He was presented with the medal on 9 March by Ambassador Robin O’Neill during a special investiture in Brussels.


Eric Johnson BEM

Death of Vice-President

Former branch Vice-President and Normandy veteran Gordon D. Staple MBE TD passed away on 25 May 1990. He was 85.


Gordon D. Staple's medals

Poppy Dance 1990

The annual poppy dance was held at the Brussels Europa Hotel on 17 November 1990. According to the branch minutes, some members thought that the evening, however enjoyable, was becoming too expensive. The event raised 5,486 Belgian Francs (€136).

Gulf War

The Gulf War, also known as Operation Desert Storm, began on 17 January 1991 in response to the Iraqi invasion and annexation of Kuwait. The US, Saudi Arabia and the UK led a coalition of 35 nations in response. Coalition forces liberated Kuwait and a ceasefire was declared on 28 February. The UK lost 47 killed, nine to friendly fire. Of 146 US troops killed in battle, 35 died as a result of by friendly fire.

Committee 1991

A new committee was elected at the AGM held at the club premises on 7 January 1991. President: Col K. Woodrow. Vice-President: A.F.J. Harris OBE, Chairman: Col W. Nicoll CBE LVO; Vice-Chairman: H.T. More; Treasurer: P.T. Allen; Benevolent Care officer: Mrs Y. Sayer; Membership Officer: Mrs D. Cooper; Entertainments Officer: D.S. Harrison; Standard Bearer: E. Johnson BEM; Liaison Officer: W. Woodward. The position of Secretary was later accepted by Len Oddie.

Eric the decorator

The committee minutes for its meeting on 2 July 1991 note that Chairman Douglas Cooper presented Standard Bearer Eric Johnson with an RBL shield in appreciation of his hard work in redecorating the basement of the club-house. Eric in turn presented the Chairman with a framed photograph of Their Royal Highnesses the Duke of Edinburgh and Prince of Wales in Royal Air Force uniform. The picture was immediately hung in the new meeting room.

70th anniversary

Members including Standard Bearer Eric Johnson took part in a celebration to mark the RBL’s 70th anniversary at the headquarters of the British Communication Zone in Emblem on 22 July 1991. The event began with an outdoor drumhead service led by the Rev. P.T. Clemett, British Communication Zone chaplain, and the Rev. Canon Chad Coussmaker, Antwerp branch chaplain. Ambassador Robert O’Neill and Brigadier Nigel Mogg took the salute. A concert was given by the Band of the 5th Battalion The Light Infantry.

VIP evening

The committee hosted a successful VIP evening on 27 September 1991. Guests included British Ambassador Robert O’Neill and Admiral Richard Thomas, UK Military Representative at NATO (also uncle of actress Kristin Scott Thomas and later Black Rod in Britain’s House of Lords), Léon Weustenraad, Mayor of Schaerbeek, Colonel Kerry Woodrow, as well as the Chairmen from Ostend and Antwerp branches.

Thank you, Kerry

Ahead of his return to the UK, President Colonel Kerry Woodrow stepped down in October 1991. On behalf of the branch, Chairman Colonel Earle Nicoll presented a vase to Kerry and his wife Sue. Defence Attaché Colonel Mike Craster of the 1st Grenadiers succeeded Kerry.

Union Flag

Informed by Honorary Secretary Len Oddie about the lack of a Union Flag for use at funerals, the committee meeting on 5 November 1991 agreed to buy one at a cost of £51.25. Members wishing to use the flag, to be kept locked at the club-house, would be asked to sign a chit.

Golden Badge

Douglas Harrison was presented with the RBL Golden Badge of merit on 30 March 1992 in recognition of his 18 years of service to the branch. Vice-President Albert Harris thanked him for carrying out his work “with the utmost courtesy and loyalty to one and all”. At the same meeting, Mr Harrison said it was proving difficult to secure a band for the Annual Poppy Dance and suggested the possibility of a “disco”. Alf Woodward, the new club manager, said the price of beer had increased.

President Albert

Albert Harris was unanimously elected as new branch President at the AGM on 25 January 1993 after Colonel Mike Craster had to relinquish the post due to increased workload. The remaining committee members were re-elected.

HQ ‘too expensive’

An extraordinary general meeting was called on 5 April 1993 to discuss the future of the club-house at 153 Avenue Eugène Plasky. It emerged that the annual rent and running costs had been subsidised, with the committee’s agreement, to the tune of 400,000 Belgian Francs (€10,000) for nearly a decade. Chairman Colonel Nicoll felt that this breached Legion rules. It was agreed that the committee look for alternative, less expensive premises.

Embassy to the rescue

Former President Colonel Mike Craster offered the branch use of the conference room at the British Embassy at 85 rue d’Arlon for its meeting on 13 September 1993, following the end of its lease on the club-house in July. Colonel Craster also agreed to temporarily store RBL property in the Embassy’s basement. The branch rented a new venue for social activities at 13 rue du Cultes.

Albert’s last journey

The branch was greatly saddened to learn of the death of President Albert Harris OBE on 9 January 1994. A staunch member of the committee for more than 40 years, ‘Bert’, who also served as Chairman and Vice-President, passed away in Woluwe-Saint-Lambert.

Committee 1994

A new committee was elected at the AGM on 31 January 1994, with Colonel Earle 'Nick' Nicoll CBE LVO elected President, Harry More as Chairman, Reg Whitburn as Vice-Chairman and Claire Whitfield as a new member. Len Oddie (Honorary Secretary), Peter Allen (Treasurer) and other committee members were re-elected.

New appointments

The AGM on 8 February 1994 saw Len Oddie OBE elected as Vice-Chairman, succeeding Reg Whitburn. John Chotteau was elected Treasurer, succeeding Peter Allen, who stepped down after 10 years in the role. Freddie Townsend OBE was elected branch Secretary, succeeding Len Oddie.

BAOR disbanded

The British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) was disbanded on 31 March 1994 and replaced by British Forces Germany. At its peak, 80,000 British troops were part of BAOR in the mid-1950s. In 1967, the force was reduced in strength to 53,000 soldiers and by 1994, with the end of the Cold War, troop numbers halved. Following the UK Strategic Defence and Security Review in 2010, the permanent deployment of British units in Germany began to be phased out, with the last military base handed back to the German Bundeswehr in February 2020.

Paul Sinnott

The funeral of long-standing member Paul Sinnott took place at St Albert’s Church (rue Victor Hugo) on 6 April 1994.

Appeal success

In a letter to HQ on 18 April 1994, Honorary Treasurer Peter Allen reported on the success of the 1993 Poppy Appeal in Brussels. The collection raised 300,538 BEF (then equivalent to nearly £6,000), a figure well above the previous year’s total. Mr Allen noted that the whole sum was retained for local benevolent needs and thanked Vice-Chairman Reg Whitburn for taking on the organisation of the local appeal.


HRH Prince Andrew. Duke of York, at the thanksgiving service

50th anniversary of liberation

The branch was well represented during three days of commemorations to mark the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Brussels from 2-4 September 1994. Advised by the authorities that ladies would not be permitted to sit in the Tribune at the Royal Palace and Grand Place, the branch had this decision reversed after pointing out that four female members had served in uniform during the 1939-45 war!
British Ambassador Sir John Gray sent a letter congratulating the branch for its role in the commemorations and President Col Nicoll said he was “extremely pleased” by the public’s warm reaction to the veterans on parade.
More than 900 British servicemen and women, including many from the UK, took part in the commemorations.
HRH Prince Andrew, Duke of York, represented her Majesty the Queen, reading a lesson at a thanksgiving service held at the Protestant Church of Brussels.
Branch members including Standard Bearer Eric Johnson took part in a liberation parade organised the commune of Schaerbeek on 3 September.

New logo

The Royal British Legion unveiled a new logo on 4 January 1995 to replace the roaring heraldic lion’s head, in a re-launch aimed at modernising its image. The Daily Mirror explained that RBL “leaders are worried too many people think its work is nearing an end as veterans of the two world wars pass away. But demands from 18 million veterans of other conflicts are expected to rocket over the next 15 years”.


Notice in Le Soir

Death of Peter Townsend

The branch was saddened to learn of the death in France of former Honorary Vice-President Group Captain Peter Townsend on 19 June 1995. The funeral service took place four days later in St Leger-en-Yvelines, the village near Paris where he lived for many years. Townsend’s coffin was draped in the Union Jack and RAF flag. The British Ambassador to France, Sir Christopher Mallaby, represented Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, and Battle of Britain pilot Air Commodore Sir Archie Windskill represented the Queen Mother. Princess Margaret was not represented but was thought to have sent a private message to the Group Captain’s widow, Marie-Luce, who led mourners at the ceremony. Standard bearers from the Royal British Legion, the Royal Air Force Association, and French veterans’ associations also attended. Obituaries were published in the UK, Belgium and across the world.

V-J Day anniversary

Fifty members and partners enjoyed a convivial lunch at the Colmar Royal Restaurant in Woluwe-Saint-Lambert on 19 August 1995 to mark the 50th anniversary of Victory over Japan (V-J) Day.

Irish visitor

Chairman Harry More, Vice-Chair Len Oddie and committee member Maureen Van Tiggelen welcomed Charles Brady, President of Armagh branch, to Brussels on 1 September 1995. Mr Brady was in Belgium to take part in Irish Day celebrations.

Tank Ceremony

A 10-strong delegation from the branch, headed by Chairman Harry More, attended the Tank Ceremony in Antwerp on 3 September 1995, in the presence of Ambassador Sir John Gray and Lady Anthoula Gray.  

Dear Old London Town

Branch member Serge Dauchat penned an article entitled ‘Dear Old London Town’ for the July-September 1995 branch newsletter – about a summer visit to the British capital with his daughter. Travelling by boat from Ostend, they booked into a two-star hotel in Piccadilly Circus – “just the place to be”, in Serge’s words. Highlights of the trip included a special guided visit at the Tower of London followed by a drink in the Yeoman’s Mess, the Changing of the Guard and a visit to Madame Tussauds, as well as shopping in Oxford Street.

Para honoured

Major Jack Watson MC, who led the 13th (Lancashire) Parachute Battalion operations during the Battle of Bure, was a guest at the branch dinner held at Maison des Ailes on 18 September 1995. He presented the branch with plaques from the battalion and 6th Airborne Division. A model of the battalion’s regimental aid post in Bure was on display at the dinner (it was formally handed over to the Parachute Regiment Museum in Aldershot by Honorary Secretary Freddie Townsend later the same month).

Poppy Dance

The annual Poppy Dance and dinner took place at Hotel Europa in Brussels on 4 November 1995. The dinner was followed by dancing, accompanied by a four-piece band. Tickets for the event, organised by Doug Harrison, cost only 900 BEF thanks to a subsidy from branch funds.

Overseas branches

Addressing the branch AGM on 11 December 1995, National Council Member for Overseas Branches Michael Tidnam highlighted that the RBL now had 70 overseas branches with 11,400 members.


Bill Millin in 1944. Image: Captain J.L. Evans, War Office

D-Day piper’s visit

Bill Millin, the Scotsman famous for playing the bagpipes on Sword Beach and Pegasus Bridge while under fire on D-Day, was a guest of the branch in January 1996. 

Marika RIP

Marika Uytfries, a long-time supporter of the branch and widow of former committee member, the late Harry Moffatt, passed away on 16 March 1996. She rests in peace with Harry in Etterbeek Cemetery, Wezembeek-Oppem.

Sir John Gray

The branch hosted a farewell dinner at NATO headquarters on 25 June 1996 for British Ambassador Sir John Gray to mark his retirement.

No wives, please

Branch veterans paraded at “British Week” in Bastogne on 7 October 1996. Following a reception at the Hôtel de Ville, the veterans were invited to lunch at the Officers’ Mess. Branch minutes note that “wives would have to eat separately in a local restaurant, but it was thought that this would be acceptable”.

Welcome back, Sir

The branch hosted a dinner at NATO headquarters on 14 April 1997 in honour of the new British Ambassador David Colvin CMG, who previously served as spokesman for the UK Permanent Representation to the European Community in 1977-82.

Veterans for Europe?

Graham Downing, National Chairman of the RBL, met committee members at the British Embassy on 7 July 1997 to outline plans for a “Veterans in Europe” association which the Legion hoped might be eligible for EU funding. Michael Tidnam, National Council Member for Overseas Branches, also sought feedback on the possible formation of a Benelux District. Both proposals received a lukewarm reception. After the meeting, members retired to the Red Herring Club, where Downing awarded life membership for outstanding service to Standard Bearer Eric Johnson and committee member Douglas Harrison.

Death of Princess

Diana, Princess of Wales, died from injuries sustained in a car crash in the Pont de l’Alma tunnel in Paris on 31 August 1997. Her friend Dodi Fayed and Henri Paul, the intoxicated driver of the vehicle, were pronounced dead at the scene. Diana's funeral took place in Westminster Abbey on 6 September. Branch members took part in memorial services at the Cathedral in Brussels and St Boniface Anglican Church in Antwerp on 13 September. British Ambassador to Belgium David Colvin thanked the Belgian people for their messages of sympathy.

Veteran re-housed

The committee was pleased to learn that a British ex-serviceman living in social housing in Louvain-la-Neuve had, thanks to support from the branch, moved into an RBL home in Ripon, Yorkshire. The news brought spontaneous applause from all present at the branch meeting on 6 October 1997. “It’s the best thing I’ve heard since joining,” said President Colonel Nicoll. 

Harry steps down

Harry More surprised the committee on 4 November 1997 by announcing he would be stepping down as Chairman after four years at the helm. He also served for four years as Vice-Chairman and chaired the Service Committee. President Colonel Nicoll spoke for all when he said Harry had been “a great chairman, one of the best we’ve had”.

Chairman Freddie

Major Freddie Townsend OBE was unanimously elected Chairman at the AGM on 1 December 1997. Vice-Chairman Len Oddie MBE, Honorary Treasurer John Chotteau, and committee members Doug Harrison, Harry Shaw MBE, Reg Whitburn, Alf Woodward, Dédée Cooper, Yvonne Sayer, Maureen Van Tiggelen and Claire Whitfield were elected en-bloc, together with a new nominee, Ray Paton. Harry More was presented with a framed certificate in recognition of his outstanding service and appointed Vice-President. Group Captain David Hencken, Honorary President of the RBL in Belgium and British Defence Attaché since 1993, retired from the committee. Members were told that Colonel Tim Hall CBE, a former military representative at NATO, had been named as his successor.

75th anniversary

Members marked the 75th anniversary of the branch’s formation with a sold-out dinner dance on 13 December 1997 at NATO headquarters. Entertainment officer Doug Harrison said the tombola raised 19,000 Belgian francs (€475).

Evere ceremony

Addressing the branch meeting on 2 February 1998, Vice-President Harry More called for the renewal of the annual commemoration at the CWGC cemetery in Evere, noting that this had not taken place for some years.

Alf and Harry honoured

Committee member Alf Woodward was presented with a Gold Badge on 30 March 1998 in recognition of his service over many years. Harry Shaw MBE also received a branch certificate at the presentation, held in the Red Herring Club at the British Embassy.

World veterans

The committee was informed on 25 May 1998 that national HQ had decided not to pursue the idea of forming a “Veterans in Europe” association. It would instead place the full weight of its support behind the World Veterans Federation and its committee on European affairs.

RAF memorial service

Standard Bearer Eric Johnson represented the branch at a memorial service at the Pro-Cathedral of the Holy Trinity on 13 September 1998 to commemorate the Battle of Britain and 80th anniversary of the formation of the Royal Air Force. The service was followed by a reception at the British Embassy in Rue d’Arlon.

Colvin tribute

The branch was well represented at the annual Remembrance Day service, led by Canon Nigel Walker at the Pro-Cathedral of the Holy Trinity on 8 November 1998. Air Commodore P. Roser and Ambassador David Colvin gave readings, while Chairman Major Freddie Townsend read The Exhortation. The service was followed by the annual ceremony at the Anglo-Belgian War memorial in Place Poelaert where the Ambassador, the branch patron, laid a poppy wreath.

Royals at Armistice ceremony

Eric Johnson was among eight British Standard Bearers chosen to parade at the Menin Gate on 11 November 1998 on the occasion of the 80th anniversary of the signing of the Armistice at Ieper (Ypres). Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, His Majesty King Albert II the King of the Belgians and Queen Paola were present at the ceremony.  

Alf Woodward

Committee member Alf Woodward passed away in Overijse on 19 November 1998. He was 76. A Second World War veteran, Alf was the former manager of the branch club-house in Schaerbeek. He was survived by his wife, Elisa Burm.

Black Watch returns

A group of 40 veterans from the Black Watch, part of the 51st (Highland) Division, took part in the annual ceremony of remembrance at Hotton on 9 May 1999. Based in La Roche-en-Ardenne, their three-day trip included a busy programme of events including visits to local schools, parades and a battlefield tour where the veterans shared their personal memories of the Battle of the Bulge. The Rev. Tony Cumberlidge, deputy assistant chaplain general of British forces in Germany, conducted the service at the war cemetery in Hotton.

Tribute to Margaret 

The branch lost one of its most fondly remembered members with the passing of Margaret d’Hondt in West Malling, Kent, on 30 August 1999. Arthur Empringham paid tribute to Margaret’s “unstinting service” to the Brussels community, recalling how she and her husband Tony would provide coffee and “stronger drinks” in the church hall at Holy Trinity after the service on Sundays. “We will always cherish the smile, even in adversity, and her London accent which she kept over the years, always reminding we old patriots of ‘Blighty’.” 

Colonel Nicoll 

The branch was saddened to learn of the unexpected passing of former President Colonel Earle William “Nick” Nicoll on 1 October 1999. Colonel Nicoll, who also served as Chairman of RBL Belgium, was a former commanding officer of the 1st Battalion, the Black Watch, and Defence Attaché in Brussels. His funeral, attended by many friends and members of the branch, took place at Sint Antonius Church in Grez-Doiceau on 9 October. A memorial service was also held on 2 December at Perth in Scotland, the home of the Black Watch.
Paying tribute at the AGM on 29 November, Chairman Freddie Townsend said the Colonel had been a President in much more than name, rarely failing to attend meetings and always ready to give advice if needed.
Tributes were also paid at the AGM to long-standing committee member Serge Dauchat, who had also recently passed away.

Armistice tributes 

Armistice Day in 1999 was marked with due solemnity in Brussels and throughout the country. As in previous years, branch member Arsène Davreux – “Raymond” to his comrades in the Armée Secrète in 1944 and President of the 2ème Brigade “Yser” Section Luxembourg – laid wreaths and crosses on lonely graves and memorials in Belgium’s southernmost province.
Vice-President Harry More MBE represented the branch at a Remembrance ceremony in Overijse on 6 November which also marked the 55th anniversary of the founding of the town’s veterans’ association, the Koninklijke vereniging van oudstrijdersverbroederingen (KVOV). 

President Harry 

Harry More MBE was elected branch President at the AGM on 29 November 1999. One of his first duties was to present branch certificates of esteem and appreciation to Honorary Treasurer John Chotteau and committee member Claire Whitfield. Defence Attaché Colonel Tim Hall thanked the branch for the support given to the ceremonies at La Roche-en-Ardenne and Mouscron. He highlighted the success of the Battle of Britain service in September, held for the first time at the Basilique de Koekelberg.

Committee 1999 

The branch announced the formation of a new committee at the AGM. President: Harry More. Chairman: Freddie Townsend, Vice-Chairman: Reg Whitburn, Hon Treasurer: John Chotteau, Hon Secretary: Ray Paton. General committee members: Doug Harrison, Andrée Cooper, Claire Whitfield, Maureen Van Tiggelen, André Mayne, Fernand Delcourt.

Marie Rose

Marie Nelly Rose, a widow cared for by the branch’s service committee for many years, passed away on 13 December 1999. Marie’s working life started at the age of eight, when she was employed as a maid. She later qualified as a nurse and continued working until she was 75. Her husband, a member of the branch, was a PoW in Germany during the Second World War and died in 1967. Marie, who died aged 96, also outlived their son, who passed away in 1992.

Party like it’s 1999 

The branch prepared for the millennium in style with a Christmas party and cabaret at the NATO Staff Centre on 11 December 1999. British Ambassador David Colvin and Defence Attaché Colonel Tim Hall were among the guests. The Brussels Light Opera Company provided the entertainment with a cabaret featuring a Belgian belly dancer. The branch distributed 13 Christmas hampers to beneficiaries in and around Brussels, as well as in Charleroi, Mons and Namur.

 2000-2010

Liège tribute

Chairman Freddie Townsend, associate member Arsène Davreux and Standard Bearer Eric Johnson represented the branch at the unveiling of a statue of Belgian King Albert II in Liège on 8 April 2000.

Pilgrimage to the Somme

Around 30 members, partners and friends took part in a pilgrimage to the Somme on 15 April 2000. Leaving by coach from Kraainem, the destination was Albert, the focal point of the battlefield tour which took in sites including Lochnagar Crater, La Boisselle, Pozières, Gommecourt, Delville Wood and High Wood. Despite atrocious weather conditions, the party gathered around Standard Bearer Eric Johnson to honour the dead at the Thiepval Memorial. President Harry More led an act of remembrance. Wreaths were laid by Vice-Chairman Reg Whitburn and committee member André Mayne. The tour continued with a visit to the Ulster Tower and Beaumont-Hamel, site of the Newfoundland Memorial. After lunch, the group visited the underground Musée des Abris in Albert and the Historial at Péronne before returning to Brussels.

Albert Pullen

Members paid their respects following the death of Second World War veteran Albert Pullen on 28 April 2000. Like so many members, Albert, who served in the British Embassy for many years, stayed in Belgium after his marriage. Sadly, his wife was injured in a road accident shortly before Albert passed away and only learnt of his death while she was still in hospital.

Sierra Leone

The 1st Battalion and 2nd Battalion The Parachute Regiment were deployed in West Africa on 7 May 2000 as part of the UN Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL). Their mission was to evacuate Brititish, Commonwealth and EU civilians. 1 PARA took part in the rescue of British hostages held by rebel forces on 10 September.

Reg’s Gold Badge

Ambassador David Colvin presented a Gold Badge to Vice-Chairman Reg Whitburn on 15 May 2000 in recognition of his outstanding service to the branch. The ceremony, in the presence of Reg’s wife Germaine and family, took place at the British Embassy Red Herring Club. Since joining the branch in 1992, Reg had also served as Chairman of the Services Committee, Poppy Appeal Organiser and Chairman of the Events Sub-Committee. (Reg later succeeded Freddie Townsend as branch Chairman).


Belgian SAS hero Eddy Blondeel and his memorial in Diest

Blondeel remembered

Lieutenant Colonel Eddy Blondeel, inspiring wartime commander of the Belgian 5th SAS Squadron, passed away in Brussels on 23 May 2000. He was 94. Members remembered him for his regular presence at commemorations in Hotton and Bure. Writing in the July-September edition of the branch newsletter, Chairman Freddie Townsend commented: “A natural leader and the most likeable of men, he was always quick to emphasise that any success he had achieved was due to the teamwork and devotion to duty of all those with whom he served.” After the war, the Belgian SAS became the basis for the 1st Parachute Battalion, which merged into the Paracommando Regiment in 1952. After leaving the army in 1947, Blondeel took up his former job as an engineer with a paper company until retiring in 1981.

Bike to Brussels

Members were out in force at the Parc du Cinquentenaire on 3 June 2000 to welcome riders taking part in the Bike to Brussels 2000 fund-raising ride. The team included RBL General Secretary Brigadier Ian Townsend. British Ambassador David Colvin presented each rider with a medal and praised the branch for its support.

Dunkirk 2000

Branch members Harry Shaw MBE and Albert Bove took part in the final annual pilgrimage of the 1940 Dunkirk Veterans’ Association at La Panne on 5 June 2000. After a memorial service in front of the beach, the Band of the Lancashire Fusiliers led the parade to the town hall, followed by 50 standard bearers, hundreds of British veterans and the Band of the South Wales Police. Harry Shaw was among the standard bearers while Albert Bove joined his comrades in their final march. “It was great to see all the flags and all those brave old-timers passing by with that young look in their eyes again,” said Albert. “The onlookers were in great number and our boys had all the applause they so rightly deserve, after they came back from hell.”

Battle of Geel

Writing in the July-September edition of the branch newsletter, Honorary Secretary Ray Paton recalled his experiences serving with the intelligence section of the 9th Durham Light Infantry during the Battle of Geel, a hard-won victory against a determined German rearguard during the Belgian liberation campaign in September 1944. Dug-in with an infantry unit, Ray was warned by a tank commander that his position could be observed from an enemy stronghold in a local church. “The only solution was to take a pot-shot at the tower, which he immediately did. Bulls-eye! One round of H.E. (high explosive) was enough to demolish the tower,” wrote Ray. Sgt ‘Taffy’ Edwards, the tank commander, was later awarded the Military Medal and Croix de Guerre. Another branch member, Arthur Empringham, also served in the Battle of Geel.

Queen Mother’s 100th

Branch President Harry More attended a reception given by the Ostend branch in honour of the 100th birthday of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, on 4 August 2000. 

John honoured

Honorary Treasurer John Chotteau was presented with a Gold Badge by British Ambassador David Colvin during the branch Christmas party at NATO on 16 December 2000. Among those signing the livre d’or was Daphné Chotteau, with these words: “Perhaps only his wife knows how richly deserved.”

Freddie’s plea

Chairman Freddie Townsend informed the committee on 8 January 2001 that he was “as usual” seeking to retain funds raised during the Poppy Appeal in Brussels for the branch’s welfare work. London HQ, as previously, had stated all funds should be remitted to the UK. A discussion that would be continued …

‘Billy’ Bacon

The committee was sad to learn that “Billy” Bacon, an RAF veteran and long-serving member, had passed away. Reg Whitburn, chairman of the Welfare Committee, informed the branch meeting on 12 February 2001 that he had attended the funeral with President Harry More, and committee members Claire Whitfield and Doug Harrison.

George Nicholls

The committee paid silent tribute at their meeting on 28 May 2001 following the death of George Nicholls. At 15, Nicholls took part in undercover operations against the occupying forces in Belgium during the Second World War. Captured and interrogated in the fortress of Namur, he was held in a concentration camp until May 1945. He later enlisted in the RAF.

Return of Eric

Eric Johnson BEM, who “retired” as standard bearer in March 2001, was back on duty at the Evere commemoration on 30 June after his would-be successor was unfortunately hospitalised.

Operation Essential Harvest

Some 1,400 British troops were deployed during Operation Essential Harvest, part of a NATO force of 3,500 sent to Skopje in the Republic of Macedonia on 27 August 2001 to disarm the ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army. The mission ended after 30 days and NATO subsequently established Operation Amber Fox, led by Germany and the Netherlands, to support stabilisation in the country.

9/11 tribute

A two-minute silence was held at the committee meeting on 17 September 2001 in memory of the 3,000 people killed in the 9/11 al-Qaeda terror attacks on the US. Branch President Harry More sent a letter of condolence to the US Embassy.


Victor Snutsel with Belgian businesswoman Joska Bourgeois
Image: Jaguar Belgium

Victor Snutsel

Prince (future King) Philippe unveiled a tetrahedron granite memorial in Laeken on 5 October 2001, commemorating 29 Belgian airmen in the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the South African Air Force (SAAF) who died during the 1940 Battle of Britain. Among those present at the inauguration at rond-point Offenberg was Victor Snutsel, 98, who escaped to Britain following the German invasion of Belgium and served as a Squadron Leader based at RAF St Athan in South Wales. Looking at the names inscribed on the monument, Victor said: “It is the young people who go to war who are the first victims.” Returning to civilian life after the conflict, Victor became President of the Belgium Shell Company and served on the Brussels branch committee for more than a quarter of a century between 1950-77.

Hello to the €

The branch accounts appeared in euros for the first time on 22 October 2001. “The figures are difficult to come to terms with but will come easier as the euro comes into general use,” the minutes note. (The euro was in general circulation from 1 January 2002).

Chairman Reg

Freddie Townsend stepped down as Chairman at the AGM on 27 November 2001, agreeing to act as Honorary Secretary until a “suitable relief” was found. Former Vice-Chairman Reg Whitburn was elected to succeed Freddie, with Honorary Secretary Ray Paton taking the reins as Vice-Chairman. John Chotteau continued as Honorary Treasurer and Eric Johnson as Standard Bearer.

New Attaché

The committee was addressed on 27 November 2001 by the new British Defence Attaché, Group Captain Jeffrey Bullen OBE, former station commander at RAF Lyneham. Gp Capt Bullen assured members that he and Ambassador Gavin Hewitt would seek to attend as many commemorations as possible, while cautioning that the role of Attaché had expanded considerably and “we have to look forward as well as to the past”.

Jean Bloch

Chairman Reg Whitburn paid tribute to long-term member Baron Jean Bloch CBE, who passed away on 30 March 2002. Colonel Bloch helped organise the Free Belgian Forces in Britain during the Second World War and served with the Brigade Piron during the Normandy campaign. He was among the first troops to enter Brussels when it was liberated. Taken prisoner at Bastogne, he escaped from Bavaria back to Allied lines and served in the 14th US Armoured Division. “He was a fine example of courage and devotion to duty,” said Reg.

Friends of the Fallen

The chairman announced plans on 13 May 2002 to launch a volunteer “Friends of the Fallen” group to look after the many isolated graves of servicemen in Belgium. The idea quickly took off: within months, Welfare Committee Secretary Claire Whitfield reported members were already caring for graves in 37 cemeteries.

Operation Herrick

Operation Herrick was the codename for the British mission in Afghanistan between 20 June 2002 and the end of combat operations on 12 December 2014. The UK deployment, as part of the multi-national International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), followed a US-led invasion in response to 9/11 and the Taliban’s refusal to hand over Osama Bin Laden, the mastermind of the terror attacks. From 2006, the UK centred its operations on Camp Bastion in Helmand province in the south of the country. By 2010, UK troop numbers reached their peak with around 10,000 troops deployed. More than 450 British military lost their lives in Afghanistan during Operation Herrick.

Reconciliation

Branch members took part in a “friendship and reconciliation” gathering at Neustadt an der Weinstraase in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, from 3-6 July 2002. The event, bringing together groups from Britain, Belgium, France and Germany, followed the success of a similar initiative in 2000 in Mâcon, France.

Tribute to Douglas

Members were greatly saddened to learn of the death of Douglas Harrison, who served on the committee for 25 years and as a branch member for nearly half a century. “With the help of Suzanne, his wife, he did much for the life of the branch,” said Chairman Reg Whitburn. More than 30 members and friends were present at the funeral for Douglas, who passed away on 15 August 2002.
There was happier news regarding committee member Maureen Van Tiggelen, who had awoken from her coma asking for champagne.

Membership plea

Addressing the AGM on 25 November 2002, Chairman Reg Whitburn warned the branch faced an “age-related dilemma” with many members now in their eighties. “Our problem is one of fewer active members, compounded in our case with the age factor, which prevents ‘willing’ members from becoming active members,” he said. With a view to attracting new members, he was in touch with a liaison officer at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) in Mons to encourage recently retired servicemen and women to join.

Team re-elected

The current committee was voted en-bloc at the AGM. President: Harry More MBE, Chairman: Reg Whitburn, Vice-Chairman: Ray Paton, Hon Secretary: Freddie Townsend, Hon Treasurer: John Chotteau, Standard Bearer: Eric Johnson. General committee members: Albert Bove, Pierre Campion, Andrée Cooper, Fernand Delcourt, Freddy Lepeer, Claire Whitfield. Two new members were also elected: Jean Morel and Vivienne Smith.

Counting the Poppy Appeal in 2003. Chair Reg at head of the
table with Germaine, Claire Whitfield and John Chotteau 

Operation Telic

In one of the largest deployments since the Second World War, 46,000 British troops were part of the US-led “coalition of the willing” which invaded Iraq on 19 March 2003. The combat phase, known as Operation Telic in the UK, ended on 22 May with the defeat of Iraq’s forces. The invasion and post-war operations, which ended in May 2011, cost the lives of 179 British military personnel.

End of distinction?

The committee was informed on 7 April 2003 that a motion would be tabled at the RBL’s annual conference to end the distinction between ordinary and associate members. This was apparently necessary to comply with European law.

London-bound: Jean-Pierre Pede and Ethel Pede-Moffatt 

Belgian Parade in London

Branch members travelled to London on 5 July 2003, sharing a bus provided by the Belgian Army, to attend the annual Belgian Parade the following day (footage). The ceremony began at Horse Guards, moving into Whitehall where poppy wreaths were laid at the Cenotaph. The branch was represented by, among others, Ray and Marie-Louise Paton, Freddy Lepeer, John Chotteau, Fernand and Therese Delcourt, Ken Bowring, Jack Whittle, Andrée Cooper, Albert and Octavie Bove, Jean-Pierre Pede and Ethel Pede-Moffatt, Freddy Townsend, and Count Henri D’Oultremont. Representatives of the Brigade Piron were also present.
Belgium is the only nation allowed to parade its troops in uniform and carrying arms in central London. King George V bestowed the honour on the country in 1934 following the death of his nephew King Albert and to commemorate Belgian troops killed in the First World War.

Liberation hero

Belgian liberation hero Roger Dewandre MC passed away in Brussels on 20 July 2003. Decorated for his actions in Normandy with the Piron Brigade, Lieutenant Dewandre commanded a Belgian troop that entered Brussels with the Guards Armoured Division on 3 September 1944. Dewandre ended his career as a Lieutenant General and chief of staff of the Allied Forces Central Europe. He wrote a memoir entitled Au Galop de nos Blindés and was President of the Tank Museum Brussels.

Honoured at Embassy

Two awards were made at the committee meeting at the British Embassy on 1 September 2003. Honorary Consul Kathie Armstrong presented Ray Paton with a certificate of merit for his work as Vice-Chairman and branch events manager, while Michael Brereton received the Gold Badge for facilitating an excellent relationship between the branch and British Embassy for many years.

Risk of closure

Speaking at the AGM on 24 November 2003, Chairman Reg Whitburn once again raised his concerns about the branch’s future. “Brussels branch RBL was founded over 80 years ago and it seems unbelievable that we should think of its closure, and yet today that possibility is facing us. The officers and President are all octogenarian and will not carry on much longer. If we are to continue, we must find a solution,” he warned.

New Ambassador

New British Ambassador Richard Kinchen, accompanied by Defence Attaché Group Captain Jeffrey Bullen, met committee members on 12 January 2004. He reassured members that the Embassy would continue to support ceremonial and commemorative events, but resources were under increasing pressure.

Hotton tribute

President Harry More and Chair Reg Whitburn led the traditional commemoration at Hotton and La Roche-en-Ardenne on 2 May 2004. During an enjoyable lunch at La Claire Fontaine, members were briefed on plans for a new memorial at Hotton dedicated to the 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division and attached armoured regiments, who liberated towns and villages in the region in January 1945 during the Ardennes campaign.

HM The Queen meets veterans at Bayeux war cemetery

D-Day 60

Members took part in a D-Day 60th anniversary coach pilgrimage to Normandy from 5-8 June 2004 (footage). The visit began with a ceremony at the Pont des Belges between Deauville and Trouville-sur-Mer, among the many towns on the Côte Fleurie liberated by the Brigade Piron. Princess Astrid of Belgium, Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt and his French counterpart Jean-Pierre Raffarin led VIPs at the commemoration. The Hotel de la Tour in Honfleur, the group’s base for the visit, was next on the itinerary. On 6 June, members were present at the commemorations in Bayeux war cemetery attended by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Philip and Prime Minister Tony Blair, and, in the afternoon, for the ceremony at Arromanches, famed for its artificial harbour. On 7 June, further commemorations took place in Honfleur, La Rivière-Saint-Sauveur, Saint-Léonard and Equemauville.

Evere 2004

Branch members gathered for the annual commemoration at the CWGC cemetery in Evere on 26 June 2004. Standard Bearer Eric Johnson was once again on duty, performing his drills with his customary solemnity and excellence. 

On the brink

Addressing the committee on 5 July 2004, Chairman Reg Whitburn said the branch would have to close within a year or substantially reduce its activities. While every effort would be made to keep the branch afloat, in the absence of new officers he would propose its closure at the next AGM.

Friendship reunion

The Brussels branch took its turn in hosting a friendship and reconciliation visit with representatives of veterans’ organisations from Mâcon, France, and Neustadt an der Weinstraase, Germany, from 7-9 July 2004.

Return to London

Members returned to London on 18 July 2004 to participate in the annual Belgian Parade (footage).


Captain Fryatt is commemorated with 12 other victims in Bruges.
Image: Martin Westlake

Fryatt memorial

The branch took part in a ceremony at the Wall of the Executed (beluik der gefusilleerden) in Bruges on 27 July 2004 in honour of Merchant Navy Captain Charles Fryatt, who faced a firing squad on 27 July 1916 for trying to ram a German U-boat. The sentence received international condemnation. In a statement to the House of Commons at the time, British Prime Minister Albert Asquith said Captain Fryatt was murdered.

Saved

Chairman Reg Whitburn had positive news at the AGM on 22 November 2004. Myriam Wraith, a retired English teacher, and Paul Boorman, a retired Royal Engineer and practising accountant, had joined the branch and were nominated as acting Honorary Secretary and acting Honorary Treasurer respectively. Both were duly elected. The Chairman paid tribute to former Honorary Secretary Freddie Townsend, who had been forced to retire after 10 years’ service due to ill-health, and to John Chotteau, whose integrity “was an example to all” during a decade as Treasurer. John agreed to stay on for a few months to ensure a smooth handover. Eric Johnson, Standard Bearer for over 50 years, agreed to continue.

Final chapter

But the Chairman had sad news to convey too. He reported that long-serving committee member Dédé Cooper, widow of former branch Chairman Major Douglas Cooper, had passed away and paid tribute to her dedicated service.
He also announced he would stand down as Chairman in the coming months, as well as relinquishing his role on the Welfare Committee and as Poppy Appeal organiser.


Exemplary: Ray Paton

Farewell Ray 

Members were saddened to learn of the passing of Ray Paton, a former branch Vice-Chairman and Honorary Secretary. President Harry More MBE gave the eulogy at Ray’s funeral, held in Mechelen on 26 March 2005.
Harry recalled how Ray had escaped from France to join the British forces and saw action in Italy and Normandy with the Durham Light Infantry and Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. After his demobilisation, Ray settled in Belgium with wife Marie-Louise. “He organised many commemorative and social events with enthusiasm and dedication .. and carried out his tasks in an exemplary manner,” said Harry.


Private Beharry's medals

Beharry VC 

The April 2005 issue of the branch’s quarterly newsletter featured a special article about Private Johnson Gideon Beharry– the first recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest military decoration for valour in the British and Commonwealth armed forces, in more than 20 years. Showing supreme courage, he saved members of his unit, the 1st Battalion Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, when their Warrior armoured vehicle column was caught in an ambush on 1 May 2004 at Al-Amarah in Iraq. Six weeks later, on 11 June 2004, he sustained head injuries in a second ambush but managed to reverse his Warrior out of danger until he fell unconscious and other troops were able to pull him out. Beharry was invested with the Victoria Cross by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on 27 April 2005.

Veterans' badge 

Reg Whitburn, Eric Johnson, Harry Shaw, Ken Bowring, Tom Egan, Harry More, Freddy Lepeer and Jack Whittle (above) were presented with veterans’ badges during the annual commemorations at Hotton and La Roche-en-Ardenne on 8 May 2005 – the 60th anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Branch member Guy Blockmans provided a special cake, on behalf of the Office de Promotion du Tourisme Wallonie-Bruxelles, to mark the occasion. Here it is being brought into the restaurant by Chairman Reg Whitburn.


More than 30 members attended the commemoration ceremonies, which were conducted by the Reverend Canon Ray Jones of St George’s Church in Ypres. Captain Ian Jeffrey RN represented the British Embassy and Eric Johnson was the Standard Bearer.

Chairman Ed 

Ed Read Cutting was elected branch Chairman in June 2005, succeeding Reg Whitburn. A former officer in the Royal Regiment of Wales from 1985-92, Ed served in Britain, Germany, Northern Ireland and Hong Kong. Writing in the branch’s quarterly newsletter, Ed recalled that when he heard the branch was actively seeking to recruit younger members, he had no hesitation in getting in touch. “To be referred to as a young member is always refreshing so please keep it up,” he added.
His aim was to rejuvenate the branch – and he succeeded with the support of an excellent team. A former President of the British Chamber of Commerce in Belgium, Ed had good contacts with the British Embassy and sought to develop this relationship. One of the features of Ed’s time at the helm was a greater emphasis on social gatherings for members and friends.

HMS St Albans 

To mark Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s official birthday, branch members were invited to visit the Royal Navy’s frigate HMS St Albans in Antwerp on 11 June 2005. The guests, who included branch Chair Ed Read Cutting, Honorary Secretary Myriam Wraith and Marie-Louise Paton, the widow of much-missed former branch Vice-Chairman Ray Paton, were taken round the ship in groups and enjoyed light refreshments. The branch newsletter was pleased to note that “among the crew there are 26 ladies and some of them are even officers”.  

Honorary Secretary Myriam Wraith and one of the ship's female officers

Welfare a priority

Colin Puplett was elected Secretary of the Welfare Committee in July 2005 and its Chairman the following December when Harry More stepped down. Colin’s wife Brenda in turn took his place as Secretary. Together with the other team members, they ensured that Legion pensioners, known as protégés, received regular visits, as well as flowers and cards on special occasions. The Welfare Committee was responsible for distributing Christmas hampers and helping the British Charitable Fund to organise short breaks for RBL, Royal Air Force Association and Royal Naval Association pensioners. “These actions are greatly appreciated,” said Colin.

Putting people first, the Welfare Committee in 2005. Top: Reg Whitburn,
Myriam Wraith, Claire Whitfield, Freddy Lepeer, Albert Bove, Paul Boorman
Front: Fernand Delcourt, Freddie Townsend, Harry More  

Trafalgar lunch

Branch members joined forces with their friends from the Royal Naval Association to celebrate Trafalgar Day with a delicious lunch at the NATO Staff Centre on 22 October 2005. Rule Britannia was sung with gusto. Vice-Admiral Glenn Davidson CMM CD gave a presentation on the Canadian Navy.

Basilique service

The British community gathered for the Remembrance Sunday service at the Basilique in Brussels on 13 November 2005. Monette Johnson, Valerie Van Steenwegen and Octavie Bove did a sterling job as poppy sellers.

Ambassador’s reception 

British Ambassador Richard Kinchen hosted a cocktail party reception at the Residence in Uccle on 15 November 2005. Despite terrible weather, members came from far and wide to attend the event. It was also an opportunity to say goodbye to Sgt Julie Knapman, a strong supporter of the branch during her time at the Embassy. “We will surely miss your smile, efficiency and kindness,” stated Myriam Wraith in the branch newsletter.

President Fisher 

Brigadier Andrew Fisher was elected branch President at the AGM on 21 November 2005. Andrew brought immense experience to the role having served for 36 years in the British infantry, Catering Corps and Royal Logistics Corps. He also had experience with veterans, having spent six years as Director of Communications at the Army Benevolent Fund. 

Brigadier Andrew Fisher, Branch President

New Membership Secretary

Michael Rose was elected Membership Secretary at the AGM.

Hotton history

British Ambassador Richard Kinchen joined members for the annual commemoration at Hotton on 7 May 2006. President Brigadier Andrew Fisher reminded those present of the heavy losses sustained in counter-attacks by the 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division and 51st (Highland) Division in January 1945. An account of the British role in the Battle of the Bulge, compiled by branch member Guy Blockmans, features in an excellent guide produced for the Belgium Wallonia tourist office.

Junior Standard Bearer 

Thanks to some on-the-spot training from long-serving Standard Bearer Eric Johnson, Chairman Ed Read Cutting’s son Bruno had the privilege of acting as his junior during the traditional commemoration at the CWGC cemetery in Evere on 1 July 2006. The service was conducted by Padre Bob Mitchell of the UK Support Unit Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (UKSU SHAPE). Tuomas Tiainen from the British School played the trumpet brilliantly.

Death of former President

Former branch President Colonel John F. Kenyon OBE MC died on 12 October 2006. He was 84. Colonel Kenyon was awarded the Military Cross for his actions as a mountain gunner during the 1944 Battle of Kohima in Burma and received the OBE in 1969 in recognition of his services to NATO. He was British Military Attaché in Brussels from 1971-73 and President of the Shropshire branch the Burma Star Association. He was also an enthusiastic member of the West Felton branch of the Legion. During his retirement, he successfully campaigned for Shropshire to be restored as the official name of his home county in 1980 after it was abbreviated to Salop, its ancient name, following local government changes in 1974.

Ambassador’s welcome

The branch was well represented at a reception for veterans’ organisations hosted by British Ambassador Richard Kinchen at the Residence in Uccle on 8 November 2006. The arrangements were diligently handled by the Ambassador’s social secretary, Andrée Ferrant.

Membership blooms

Membership Secretary Michael Rose updated the committee on 24 November 2006 with the current branch membership figures which showed a welcome increase over the past two years, rising from 117 to 132. However, with the average age of members also increasing, Michael stressed the need for active recruitment of younger members. Godfrey Bloom, a Member of the European Parliament representing Yorkshire and the Humber for the UK Independence Party, was among the new members. Prior to entering politics, Bloom served nearly 20 years as an officer in the Territorial Army.   

Committee 2006

The branch announced the formation of a new committee on 24 November 2006. President: Brigadier Andrew Fisher. Chairman: Ed Read Cutting, Hon Treasurer: Paul Boorman, Hon Secretary: Myriam Wraith, Membership Secretary: Michael Rose, Welfare Committee Chairman: Colin Puplett, Welfare Secretary: Brenda Puplett, Poppy Appeal Coordinator: Rhoda Grant, Communications: Andy Johnson, Events Officer: Harry More, Ceremony Representation: Giovanni Bove, Friends of the Fallen: Pierre Campion, Belgian PR: Freddy Lepeer. Standard Bearer: Eric Johnson.

 
Ed Read Cutting and wife Georgia at Hotton
with their children, from left, Tom, Bruno and Frankie

Committee 2007 

There were two new additions to the committee with Michael Brown succeeding Rhoda Grant as Poppy Appeal Coordinator, and Greg Ruthven succeeding Andy Johnson as Events Coordinator.

Harry Shaw with 1st Northamptonshire Yeomanry Regiment
 ‘Achilles’ tank destroyer at La Roche-en-Ardenne


Harry More and Monette Johnson bound for Hotton

Job share

Chairman Ed Read Cutting and former President Harry More shared the duties at the annual branch commemoration in Hotton on 6 May 2007. Both gave readings at the Church and the CWGC cemetery, where the service was conducted by the Reverend Canon Dr Robert Innes. Harry Shaw spoke at the memorial to the 51st (Highland) Division at La Roche-en-Ardenne, before recalling the battlefield strengths of the ‘Achilles’ tank destroyer.

The (new) Wipers Times

The branch newsletter was published in a digital format for the first time in October 2008. Events coordinator Greg Ruthven, then working at the British Embassy, was key to this development and re-branded the newsletter as The Wipers Times – a tribute to the soldiers who produced the original Wipers Times during the First World War (“Wipers” was how they pronounced Ypres). An ex-RAF regular and serving reservist, Greg later became the branch historian and webmaster, a role he held until 2018. In addition to his RBL activities, Greg has written extensively about the Artists Rifles Association and was a prime mover in a project to create a memorial on the site of a camp in Romford, Essex, where writers and artists including Wilfred Owen, Edward Thomas, Paul Nash, and Noel Coward were trained as officers. The memorial, depicting a First World War painting by Nash called Over the Top, was unveiled on 13 July 2020. Greg’s wife Nicola Ruthven also worked for the British Embassy and was an active member of the branch, too. The grand-daughter of a British serviceman who took part in the liberation of Athens in October 1944, Nicola had a special mission when the Embassy moved from Rue d’Arlon to Avenue d’Auderghem in 2010: ensuring that a new home was found for the RBL’s archives and other materials. The solution? A designated Foreign and Commonwealth Office “Poppy Room”.

Greg (centre) with Standard Bearer Eric Johnson (left), Vice-Chair Michael Rose (right)
and friends at Evere. Picture kindly provided by Greg Ruthven

Children honour Brigade

Members gathered with the veterans of the Brigade Piron with friends and family at the Brigade Monument in Parc des Muses in Molenbeek-Saint-Jean on 4 September 2008. The King’s representative, assisted by children representing the two main languages and communities of Belgium, unveiled plaques with the names of Brigade soldiers who died during the campaigns of 1944-46. After the wreaths were laid, children put a rose on each of the plaques. British Ambassador Rachel Aron, as well as diplomatic representatives from Canada and Luxembourg, also attended the ceremony.

Medal for Eric

British Ambassador Rachel Aron presented the Voluntary Service Medal to Standard Bearer Eric Johnson on 6 November 2008 in recognition of his more than 50 years of service to the branch. The citation read: “Eric sets an example to us all with his enthusiasm, immaculate turn-out, and charming spirit. He always makes time to chat to everyone. In fact he makes it his job to get to know them, whether a new member, an old member, or even children who turn up to events from time to time. A better representative we couldn’t and indeed do not have.”

Membership up

Membership Secretary Michael Rose published the latest statistics on 26 January 2009, showing an increase on the previous year from 143 to 154 registered members.

Club Prince Albert

After a long period without a proper venue for social events, the branch was offered use of the Club Prince Albert from 9 February 2009. Based in the former Prince Albert barracks, close to the Petit Sablon and Egmont Palace, the building was home to the Belgian Régiment des Grenadiers from 1907-1939, although it was briefly “loaned” to Germany during the First World War. After the Second World War the barracks was home to the Belgian Military Police and provided the Officers’ Mess for the British Garrison, before becoming a military club.

Brigadier leads

There was another big turnout as branch members were joined by Belgian veterans for the traditional ceremonies at Hotton and La Roche-en-Ardenne on 3 May 2009. President Brigadier Andrew Fisher, Membership Secretary Michael Rose and Honorary Secretary Myriam Wraith led the branch delegation at the Church ceremony, conducted by Abbé Herman Kusola and Holy Trinity Lay Reader David Fieldsend. David also presided over the ceremonies at the war cemetery and the Highland memorial. For the lunch at the Jacquemart, there were so many of us that we needed an extension in the big room so we could all squeeze in.

Tribute to lost friends

The annual memorial day at the CWGC cemetery in Evere on 9 June 2009 attracted an excellent turnout. Chairman Ed Read Cutting led the branch delegation, which included Membership Secretary Michael Rose, Standard Bearer Eric Johnson and former President Reg Whitburn. Ambassador Rachel Aron laid a wreath on behalf of the British Embassy. A special visitor, Sidney Barlow, was present with his wife and daughter, who travelled from the UK to commemorate two of his friends, Captain George Hayton of the Worcestershire Regiment and Corps of Military Police, and Major Anthony Wright of the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, who were killed by a booby-trap bomb at British HQ in Hotel Le Plaza on 14 September 1944, 10 days after the liberation of Brussels. The Germans had planted the device before retreating. Hayton, who was 32, and Wright, 30, are buried in the cemetery.

Peter Lake was awarded the MC and Croix de Guerre

Death of SOE hero

Peter Lake MC, a former Brussels branch committee member who served in occupied France during the Second World War with the Special Operations Executive (SoE) F Section, died in Cambridge on 26 June 2009. He was 94. Captain Lake was awarded the Military Cross for supporting French Resistance sabotage activities during the build-up to D-Day. He was a Chevalier of the Légion d’honneur and was also awarded the Croix de Guerre for his exploits. After the war, Lake joined the Foreign Office and served as consul in Mozambique, France, Iceland, Syria, Indonesia, Italy, Brazil and Belgium. He joined the branch during his time in Belgium and was a committee member in the early Sixties.

Welcome Andrée

Andrée Ferrant became branch Honorary Secretary in September 2009, succeeding Myriam Wraith who stepped down after five years of service as secretary, newsletter editor and events’ organiser.

Myriam Wraith receives a token of appreciation from Brigadier Fisher

Packed service

The branch was well represented at the Remembrance Sunday service at Holy Trinity, Brussels, on 8 November 2009. The ceremony, which drew a packed congregation, was conducted by Reverend Canon Dr Robert Innes. British Ambassador Rachel Aron, representatives from UK forces and the local Scouts and Guides laid wreaths and poppy crosses. The traditional lunch, organised by Membership Secretary Michael Rose, was laid on by the Brussels Royal Yacht Club.

2010-2022

Berlin-bound

The branch said farewell to Poppy Appeal Coordinator Michael Brown in January 2010. Michael, who took over the role in 2008, re-invigorated the Appeal network which resulted in annual collections and donations doubling to around €12,000 a year. The branch wished Michael and his wife Wiebke well in their new role in Berlin. Michael’s successor was Janet Morley.

Let’s do lunch!

The branch inaugurated a series of monthly lunches, starting from 18 January 2010, with the aim of bringing members together more often. The venue was Les Brasseries Rustiques in Evere.

Cold comfort

Despite unseasonably cold weather, the annual commemoration at Hotton and La Roche-en-Ardenne on 2 May 2010 attracted a large turnout. Once again, Bourgemestre Françoise Jeanmart and her team provided us with fantastic support throughout the day. We were accompanied by the town band, Les Joyeux Travailleurs, who almost made it to the cemetery before running out of puff halfway up the hill. We are all getting older! The ceremony was followed by lunch at the Café Le Jacquemart and, due to the increased numbers attending, in the neighbouring Pizza Parlour. The day ended with a short Act of Remembrance at the 51st (Highland) Division Memorial.

Mark Thomas and David Fieldsend at Evere

Mark steps in

Welfare Committee member Mark Thomas acted as Standard Bearer at the Evere Memorial Day on 26 June 2010, held in the presence of the new British Ambassador and branch patron Jonathan Brenton. The service was conducted by Holy Trinity Lay Reader David Fieldsend. Lieutenant Colonel Sean Armstrong and his son Alexander read the lesson; Andrew Elliott played the trumpet. Wreaths were laid in the CWGC cemetery and at the Waterloo Campaign Monument which contains the remains of 17 British men killed in the battles of Quatre-Bras and Waterloo in June 1815.

In it together

Branch records on 11 July 2010 showed that more than a dozen couples were members: Noël Anselot and Joan Anselot-Crawshaw, John Chotteau and Daphné Chotteau-Windsor, Erich and Brigitte d’Hulster, Rhoda Grant-McArthur and Alec Grant, Edward and Paule Hearn, Emanuel Longano and Sara Longano-Somma, Andrew and Margaret Lysak, Colin and Brenda Puplett, Paulina Robbins van Rijn and Simon Robbins, Greg and Nicola Ruthven, Michel and Gwendoline Serra, John and Marianne Sutherland, Jean-Paul Vangoethem and Suzanne Vangoethem-Nys.

Committee 2010

The branch committee in 2010 was constituted as follows. President: Brigadier Andrew Fisher, Vice-President: Harry More MBE, Chairman: Ed Read Cutting, Vice-Chairman: Michael Rose, Hon Treasurer: Paul Boorman, Hon Secretary: Andrée Ferrant, Membership Secretary: Paulina Robijns van Rijn, Poppy Appeal coordinator: Janet Morley and Ann Morley, Welfare Committee Chairman: Colin Puplett, Newsletter Coordinator: Helen Heywood.

Adieu Jimmy

The branch was represented at the funeral of former member Jimmy Foster OBE on 9 September 2010. Jimmy, a founder of the Belgium branch of the Royal Naval Association, lived in Belgium for more than 40 years. “He was a great bloke who loved a laugh, but did not suffer fools gladly,” said a friend.

Liberation hero

Brigade Piron veteran Maurice Mirowski was profiled in the September 2010 edition of The Wipers Times. Born in Poland and brought up in Belgium, Maurice was studying in France when the country surrendered. He set out for North Africa to join the Allies but was captured and held in the notorious Miranda del Ebro jail near Burgos. Released in 1943, he made it to Lisbon where he was sheltered by the Belgian Embassy until his brother, who had escaped to Britain in 1940, arranged for him to be flown out. He joined the Brigade Piron and took part in the liberation of Brussels on 4 September 1944.

Membership rises again

Membership Secretary Michael Rose published the latest statistics on 19 September 2010, showing another increase on the previous year from 154 to 159 registered members.

Caring committee

Branch records on 1 October 2010 showed that 16 members were receiving care support from the Welfare Committee.

Ambassador’s welcome

New British Ambassador Jonathan Brenton welcomed branch members to a reception at the Residence in Rue Ducale on 3 November 2010.

Eric is back

Standard Bearer Eric Johnson was back on duty for the annual Remembrance Service at the Pro-Cathedral of Holy Trinity Brussels on 14 November 2010. Standards were presented for the Royal Naval Association by Freddy Roiseux and the Royal Air Forces Association by Jean-Pierre Blanckaert. Vice-Chairman Michael Rose read the Laurence Binyon poem For The Fallen, from which the Legion’s Exhortation is taken. Reverend Canon Dr Robert Innes led the service.

Tribute to Freddie

Major Freddie Townsend OBE, a former branch Chairman and Secretary, died in Cairo on 17 May 2010. He was 87. Freddie served in Normandy in 1944 with 30 Assault Unit, the Commando outfit formed by Commander Ian Fleming. Writing in the Royal Marines journal The Globe and Laurel, Freddie described 30 AU’s role in the capture of the German commandant of Cherbourg, General Karl-Wilhelm Von Schleiben, who surrendered with Admiral Walter Henneke, 20 other officers and 500 enemy troops. He also recalled the “Aladdin’s Cave atmosphere” of the tunnels in the commandant’s huge subterranean bunker which “housed a wine cellar which would have been the envy of the present-day hypermarket”. Freddie’s comrades in 30 AU included Captain Charles Wheeler, later a distinguished BBC journalist and father-in-law of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Freddie was laid to rest in the CWGC cemetery in Old Cairo. He chose the words for the inscription on his headstone, from a poem by Rudyard Kipling: “Her Majesty’s jolly soldier and sailor too.” His daughter Pat Wiegele-Dajani paid tribute to him in the March 2011 edition of The Wipers Times.


Arthur and Flore Empringham on their wedding day in 1946, Arthur in the field

Tribute to Arthur

Arthur Empringham, a committee member since the 1960s and former head of entertainment, passed away on 11 August 2010, aged 86. Cairo-born Arthur joined the Army at 14, following in the footsteps of his father and two older brothers. A veteran of the Normandy campaign, he served as a tank mechanic with the Nottingham Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry. Arthur met his Belgian future wife Flore (also known as Fleur) on leave in Brussels in October 1944, a month after the liberation. The couple married in 1946 and spent four and a half years posted to Germany from 1948-1952. Their daughter Sonia was born in 1950 at the British Military Hospital in Hanover. Arthur left the Army in 1952 and settled with Flore in Brussels, where he worked as a mechanic for Morris Minor. He later joined the Brussels branch of the RBL and was an honorary member of the Brigade Piron.
In 2005, at the instigation of his grandson David, Arthur returned to Gold Beach for the first time since he landed on it 61 years earlier. The December 2010 edition of The Wipers Times had a tribute to Arthur.

Reg remembered

Reg Whitburn MBE, a stalwart of the branch for nearly 20 years, passed away on 14 December 2010. He was 87. Reg was Chairman from 1995-2006, Vice-Chairman of the Welfare Committee from 1993-1997 and Poppy Appeal organiser. Reg served in the Household Cavalry in 1945-47 and met his wife Germaine at the famous 21 Club in Brussels. From 1956-1965, trilingual Reg was Chairman of the Brussels branch of Toc H, the charity linked to Talbot House in Poperinge, where soldiers could get a break from the horror of the trenches in the First World War. Toc H is the abbreviation for Talbot House, “Toc Aitch” in the signallers’ alphabet. Reg was awarded his MBE in 2003 for services to veterans with the RBL and Toc H. He lost Germaine in 2008. Son Michael proudly looked back on Reg’s life in the March 2011 edition of The Wipers Times.

Umbrella group

The umbrellas were up as President Brigadier Andrew Fisher, Chairman Ed Read Cutting and Membership Secretary Michael Rose led the branch commemoration at Evere on 25 June 2011. Ambassador Jonathan Brenton gave a short address and laid a wreath on behalf of the British Embassy. Standard Bearer Eric Johnson was seconded by Mark Thomas. A short ceremony took place after at the Waterloo Campaign Monument, followed by a convivial lunch at Les Brasseries Rustiques.

The dynamite behind the 2011 Poppy Appeal!
Front: Helen Haywood, Brenda Puplett, Ann Morley, Simon Robbins
Back: Colin Puplett, Paulina Robbins van Rijn, Alan Puplett, Rainer Hiltermann 

Poppy Appeal boost

Five new locations were added for the 2011 Poppy Appeal “campaign”, helping to boost the amount raised by the branch: €10,695 was raised from collecting tins, compared with the previous year’s total of €8,922. Additional contributions from wristbands, enamel Brussels branch brooches, poppy pins and personal contributions boosted the overall total for 2011 to €11,196. The excellent results were due in no small part to the energy and enthusiasm of Poppy Appeal Coordinator Janet Morley and her team.

Condolences for Tony

The branch expressed its condolences to the family of member Tony Wingate, who passed away unexpectedly on 11 December 2011 while travelling in Guatemala. Tony was 68.  A commercial counsellor at the British Embassy for more than 25 years, Tony was also a member of the Royal Naval Association, the Redcoats Society and British Chamber of Commerce in Belgium.

Farewell, Len

Former Vice-Chairman and Honorary Secretary Len Oddie MBE passed away on 14 January 2012, aged 87. Len served in the Household Cavalry during the Second World War, with the Royal Horse Guards in Windsor and later in Menden and Iserlohn, Germany, in the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR). Len lost his wife Josie in 1989 and spent his later years with his partner Yvonne. A memorial service was later held for Len in Waddington, Lancashire. A tribute to him appeared in the April 2012 edition of The Wipers Times.

Diamond Jubilee

Branch members marked the 60th anniversary of the accession of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, enjoying a Diamond Jubilee lunch with friends from the British Charitable Fund, the Wednesday Club and Royal Air Forces Association. The Queen succeeded her father George VI to the throne on 2 February 1952.

Grand-daughter’s tribute

Noemie “Cookie” Bowring paid an affectionate tribute to her grandfather, branch member Ken Bowring, who died on 18 February 2012. London-born Ken served with the 1st and 2nd Middlesex Regiments and saw action in Normandy and on the Polish border. He never forgot the terrible sights he witnessed in the concentration camps liberated by his unit.

Oostmalle memorial

Vice-Chairman Michael Rose and acting Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux attended the inauguration of a memorial at Oostmalle-Zoersel on 4 May 2012, honouring the crew of a Lancaster which crashed on 12 May 1944. A Belgian Air Force piper played Flowers of the Forest and a Battle of Britain Memorial Flight Lancaster, accompanied by two Belgian F-16s, made a flypast. Wing Commander Hubert Goodman (RAF), Navigator Gilbert Agar (RAF), Bomb Aimer William Vander-Dasson (RAF), Radio Operator Clifford Finighan (RAF), Tail Gunner Roy McLeod (RCAF), Flight Engineer Philip Vickers (RAF) and Midupper Gunner Richard White (RAF) were laid to rest in the CWGC section of Schoonselhof Cemetery near Antwerp.

Remembering Harry

The heavens opened during the annual commemoration at Hotton and La Roche-en-Ardenne on 6 May 2012, but failed to dampen our spirits! Wreaths were laid at the war cemetery by Branch President Brigadier Andrew Fisher, Christopher Hilton on behalf of the British Embassy, Major Derek Gilchrist, Warrant Officer Martin Gingras and Sergeant Martin Florent, for the Canadian Forces in Europe and the Royal Canadian Legion, based at Geilsenkirchen, Germany, and Bourgemestre Françoise Jeanmart. Lay Reader David Fieldsend and Abbé Herman Kusola led the service at the Church.
At the 51st (Highland) Division memorial in La Roche, Welfare Committee Chairman Colin Puplett paid tribute to Harry Shaw, who had recently passed away aged 91. Colin recalled that Harry had served in 148th Royal Armoured Corps as a gunner-radio operator and his unit supported the 51st during the Battle for Caen. A former miner, Harry also served in the Sherwood Foresters. He landed in Normandy on a floating Sherman tank and fought through France, Belgium, Holland and Germany. Harry was a former Vice-Chairman of the Normandy Veterans Association. In 1995 he was awarded the MBE and later the Chevalier de l’Ordre de la Couronne de Belgique for services to British and Belgian veterans. A tribute to Harry appeared in the July 2012 edition of The Wipers Times.


Eric with Ambassador Jonathan Brenton at the Waterloo Monument

Eric set the standard

Eric Johnson, bowing out as Standard Bearer after an incredible 56 years, laid a wreath on behalf of the branch at the Waterloo Campaign Monument in Evere following the annual commemoration at the CWGC cemetery on 23 June 2012. President Brigadier Andrew Fisher, Ambassador Jonathan Brenton and Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans placed wreaths on the cross of sacrifice. The service was conducted by Reverend Canon Dr Robert Innes. Welfare Committee Chairman Colin Puplett, former Vice-Chairman Michael Rose, Monette and Kathleen Johnson, Jean-Pierre Pede, Ethel Pede-Moffatt and Alan Brogniez were among branch members present. New Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux was seconded by Mark Thomas.

Duchess of Richmond’s Ball

More than 200 guests attended the Duchess of Richmond’s Ball at the Château Sainte-Anne on 23 June 2012. Named after the famous ball held in Brussels before the Battle of Waterloo, the event raised over €26,600, shared between the branch and four other charities.

Ann steps up

Ann Morley, a committee member and Events Coordinator since early 2010, took up the reins as Poppy Appeal Coordinator on 18 September 2012, succeeding her namesake (but no relation) Janet Morley, who had returned to the UK.


Vice-Chairman Michael Rose, a man of the old school

Michael steps down

Popular Vice-Chairman Michael Rose stepped down at the AGM on 22 October 2012. Michael also served as Membership Secretary during his eight years on the committee. President Andrew Fisher paid tribute to Michael as “a man of the old school with a sharp sense of humour. Life won’t be the same without this colourful, irascible Scot in our midst,” he said. Membership Secretary Paulina Robbins van Rijn stated that 13 newcomers had joined the branch, taking numbers up to 163. In the absence of Welfare Chairman Colin Puplett, Ron Aston reported that four protégés were financially assisted in the previous year and that the monthly lunches at Les Brasseries Rustiques attracted nearly 20 regular participants.

11th remembered

The 2012 Remembrance Sunday service took place at a packed Holy Trinity on Remembrance Day itself, 11 November. Canon Dr Robert Innes led the service and the Right Reverend Geoffrey Rowell, Bishop of Gibraltar in Europe, gave the address. Wreaths were laid by branch President Brigadier Andrew Fisher, as well as representatives of the British, Australian, Irish, US and New Zealand Embassies. Dick Whittingham laid a wreath on behalf of the Royal Air Force Association and Commodore Finney on behalf of the Military Representative to the EU. Youth organisations placed poppy crosses at the altar. After the service, more than 60 people, young and old, shared lunch together in the church hall.

Committee 2012

The branch committee in 2012 was constituted as follows. President: Brigadier Andrew Fisher, Vice-President: Harry More MBE, Chairman: Ed Read Cutting, Hon Treasurer: Paul Boorman, Hon Secretary: Andrée Ferrant, Membership Secretary: Paulina Robbins van Rijn, Standard Bearer: Freddy Roiseux, Welfare Committee Chairman: Colin Puplett, Welfare Committee Secretary: Brenda Puplett, Poppy Appeal coordinator: Ann Morley, Communications and Editor Coordinator: Helen Heywood, Events Coordinator: Ann Morley, Friends of the Fallen: Pierre Campion.

Veterans’ Reception

Branch members took part in the annual Veterans’ Reception at the British School of Brussels (BSB) on 7 November 2012. The event, jointly hosted by the British Ambassador to Belgium, Jonathan Brenton, and the Principal of the BSB, Sue Woodroofe, brought together representatives from veterans’ organisations in Belgium including the Royal Air Force Association and Comète Line resistance network, which helped allied soldiers and airmen shot down over occupied Belgium to evade capture. In an article for The Bulletin magazine the same week, the Ambassador wrote “there were tears in some eyes” as the school choir sang Vera Lynn’s We’ll Meet Again.

New Standard Bearer

Former Royal Naval Association (RNA) Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux officially took up the gauntlets as new branch Standard Bearer on 5 May 2013 during the annual commemorations at Hotton and La Roche-en-Ardenne.


Monette with Eric in 2012

Farewell, Monette

The branch was saddened to learn of the death in May 2013 of Simone “Monette” Kemps Johnson, who supported branch events for more than 40 years with her husband Eric, the former Standard Bearer. Monette had a great memory, especially for Second World War songs. At an anniversary gathering of US and British veterans, the Americans were singing popular American tunes when Monette showed them how it was done, launching with fervour into Rule Britannia.

He was the whole world to me

Branch President Brigadier Andrew Fisher welcomed British Ambassador Jonathan Brenton to the annual commemoration at the CWGC cemetery in Hotton on 5 May 2013. Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans gave the address in which he drew attention to a moving inscription on one of the headstones which read: “For the whole world he was a soldier, but he was the whole world to me.” Blessed with fine weather, the commemorations continued in the afternoon at the 51st (Highland) Division memorial in La Roche-en-Ardenne. A new member, Fred Hobbs, attending with his wife and son, added to the poigancy of the occasion, having been assigned to the 51st during the Second World War.

Evere 2013

The annual commemoration at Evere on 29 June 2013 coincided with Armed Forces Day. It began with a short service at the Waterloo Campaign Monument conducted by the Reverend Charlie Newcombe, with Alain Van Zandycke playing the Last Post. Former Vice-Chairman Michael Rose read the exhortation and wreaths were laid by Katrina Johnson, British Deputy Head of Mission to Belgium, Group Captain Dick Whittingham, Chairman of RAFA Belgium, and Wing Commander G. Ward, NATO. The Revd Newcombe also officiated at the CWGC cemetery, where Katrina Johnson and Membership Secretary Paulina Robbins van Rijn gave readings. Former Standard Bearer Eric Johnson was among those laying a wreath. The service concluded with the British National Anthem and the laying of poppy crosses.

Fleur’s story

Branch member Fleur Empringham told her story in the July 2013 edition of The Wipers Times, from her life as a teenager in Brussels under Nazi occupation, to meeting her British husband Arthur and moving to Germany after the war. “We were not the liberators, but the enemy occupiers and the German civilians were understandably very hostile,” she recalled.

Hugh Oxley

The July 2013 edition also included a tribute by Colin Puplett to Hugh Oxley CBE following his death aged 95. Hugh served in the Royal Navy Reserve on HMS Birmingham and HMS Kent in the Second World War, covering 400,000 miles in the North Atlantic, Mediterranean and icy waters off Greenland and Iceland. He had a distinguished career in banking and was a former President of the British Chamber of Commerce, former President of the foreign section of the Belgian Bankers’ Association and a member of the British Charitable Fund.

Change of editor

With her return to the UK, Helen Haywood stepped down after more than three years as editor of The Wipers Times in July 2013. “I have been privileged to record the moving stories of some of our members,” she said. Alan Puplett took over the mantle.

Sélys Longchamps tribute

Belgian group Wings of Memory and the Minster and Monkton branch of the RBL held a service of commemoration on the 70th anniversary of the death of Belgian war hero Baron Jean de Sélys Longchamps at Minster Cemetery in Thanet, Kent, on 16 August 2013. Sélys Longchamps carried out a daring attack on Gestapo headquarters in Brussels on 20 January 1943 but was killed just seven months later when he crash-landed at RAF Manston after his Hawker Typhoon’s landing gear was damaged during a mission over Ostend. Among those attending the ceremony was his niece, Sybille de Sélys-Longchamps, mother of Belgium’s Princess Delphine, and Flying Officer Bob Barckley DFC, then 93, who served with the baron.

New faces

Jean-Pierre Pede (First World War Centenary Coordinator), Ian Youd (Events Coordinator), and Jacqueline Daugnaix-Whitfield (Friends of the Fallen) were elected to the committee at the AGM on 22 October 2013. Jean-Pierre officially joined the branch on 1 January 1990 but had been involved since the early 1970s when he helped his father-in-law Harry Moffatt with the running of the branch’s club-house in Schaerbeek and regularly attended the annual Poppy Ball and commemorations with his wife Ethel. Jacqueline was encouraged to get involved in the branch by her mother, Claire Whitfield, a member of the committee for many years.

Committee 2013

The branch committee in 2013 was constituted as follows. President: Brigadier Andrew Fisher, Vice-President: Harry More MBE, Chairman: Ed Read Cutting, Hon Treasurer: Paul Boorman, Hon Secretary: Andrée Ferrant, Membership Secretary: Paulina Robbins van Rijn, Standard Bearer: Freddy Roiseux, Welfare Committee Chairman: Colin Puplett, Welfare Committee Secretary: Brenda Puplett, Poppy Appeal Coordinator: Ann Morley, Communications and Newsletter Editor: Alan Puplett, Events Coordinator: Ian Youd, First World War Centenary Coordinator: Jean-Pierre Pede, Friends of the Fallen: Pierre Campion, Jacqueline Daugnaix-Whitfield.

Admiral’s tribute

President Brigadier Andrew Fisher read For The Fallen and laid a wreath on behalf of the branch at the Remembrance Sunday service at Holy Trinity on 10 November 2013. The Service was conducted by Canon Dr Robert Innes, Chancellor of Holy Trinity and Chaplain to Her Majesty The Queen. Ambassador Jonathan Brenton, Rear Admiral Bruce Williams, Deputy Director General of the European Union Military Staff, and Samuel Cofner of the 1st Brussels Griffin Scouts gave readings. Duncan Lewis, Australian Ambassador to Belgium, David Dewar, Second Secretary at the New Zealand Embassy, and Group Captain Dick Whittingham, Chairman RAFA Belgium, also laid wreaths. As their photographs were shown on a backdrop, Honorary Secretary Andrée Ferrant read out the names of RBL and RAFA members who passed away in the previous year.

Albert Bove

Branch members expressed their condolences after the passing of Albert Bove on 24 November 2013. Albert, also known as Joe and John, had the name Giovanni Alberto on his birth certificate when he was born in the north of England. Conscripted into the Durham Light Infantry, he served in the British Expeditionary Force and was a stretcher bearer at Dunkirk before being evacuated himself. He later fought with the Royal Artillery and Guards Armoured Division, taking part in the Normandy campaign and liberation of Brussels. It was during the celebrations that he met Octavie Jacobs, the teenage daughter of a restaurant owner. They married in 1946 and stayed in Brussels. It is thought Albert was the last branch member who was a veteran of both Dunkirk and Normandy.

Jean-Pierre’s new role

Jean-Pierre Pede, son-in-law of the late Harry Moffatt, succeeded Paulina Robbins-van Rijn as Membership Secretary in February 2014.

Tributes to Myriam

Branch President Andrew Fisher led tributes to former branch Secretary Myriam Wraith following her unexpected death at Haillot on 26 February 2014. She was 66. “It was largely through her hard work and devotion to others that the Brussels branch kept going for as long as it has. She took on everything that was thrown her way and she particularly cared for those who needed help and assistance,” he said. “A wonderful lady, never complaining, always ready to help and smiling despite her serious health problems,” added her successor, Andrée Ferrant.

Committee 2014

The branch committee in 2014 was constituted as follows. President: Brigadier Andrew Fisher. Vice-President: Harry More MBE, Chairman: Ed Read Cutting, Hon Treasurer: Paul Boorman, Hon Secretary: Andrée Ferrant, Membership Secretary: Jean-Pierre Pede, Poppy Appeal organiser: Ann Morley, Hon Membership Secretary: Paulina Robbins van Rijn, Welfare Committee Chairman: Colin Puplett, Welfare Secretary: Brenda Puplett, Events Coordinator: Ian Youd, Newsletter and Communication Coordinator: Alan Puplett, Historian & Website: Greg Ruthven, Friends of the Fallen: Jacqueline Daugnaix-Whitfield, Standard Bearers: Freddy Roiseux and Mark Thomas

Cavell remembered

In the presence of branch members and pupils from the British School of Brussels, UK Minister Mark Simmonds, British Ambassador to Belgium Jonathan Brenton and Paul Breyne, Belgian Federal Commissioner-General for the Centenary of the First World War, laid a wreath and sowed poppy seeds at the Edith Cavell-Marie Depage Memorial in Uccle on 4 April 2014. Representatives from the Belgian Edith Cavell Commemoration Group and the Director of the Edith Cavell hospital also took part in the ceremony. British nurse Edith Cavell was executed in Schaerbeek by the Germans on 12 October 1915 for helping allied soldiers escape to the neutral Netherlands. Fellow nurse Marie Depage was one of nearly 1,200 passengers and crew drowned when The Lusitania was torpedoed off the southern coast of Ireland on 7 May 1915.

Waterloo Monument

In his book Wellington and Waterloo, published by The History Press on 1 May 2014, author Russ Foster singled out the Legion for its care of the oft-overlooked Waterloo Campaign Monument at Brussels cemetery in Evere. Unveiled on 26 August 1890, the memorial consists of a large figure of Britannia by Anglo-Belgian sculptor Jacques de Lelaing with a crypt below containing the remains of 17 men including Wellington’s aide-de-camp Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Alexander Gordon and Deputy Quarter-Master General Sir William Howe De Lancey, who both died from their wounds after the battle, Captain John Blackman of the Coldstream Guards, killed at Hougoumont, and the only non-officer, Sergeant-Major Edward Cotton of the 7th Hussars, who survived the battle and became a well-known battlefield guide. Foster’s book includes a picture of the monument, featuring branch Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux.

D-Day 70

Branch member Alan Puplett and George Bowring, son of sadly departed veteran Ken Bowring, took part in the D-Day 70th anniversary Remembrance Service in Bayeux on 6 June 2014. The event, organised by the Legion and Normandy Veterans Association, was honoured by the presence of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and the Prince of Wales.

Good luck, Robert

The Reverend Canon Dr Robert Innes, Senior Chaplain of the Pro-Cathedral of Holy Trinity Brussels, who for nine years led the annual Remembrance Service, as well as the commemorations at Hotton, La Roche-en-Ardenne and Evere, took up his new role as Bishop of Gibraltar and Europe on 20 July 2014. Canon Innes, who was also Chaplain to Her Majesty the Queen and the Archbishop of Canterbury’s representative to the EU Institutions, talked about his new post in a video interview. The Reverend Canon John Wilkinson, Associate Chaplain and Canon Pastor at the Pro-Cathedral of Holy Trinity Brussels, has led the branch’s Remembrance ceremonies since 2014 and is an observer on the committee.

By Royal appointment

Standard Bearer Freddy Roisieux was in the guard of honour at a memorable ceremony held at Saint Symphorien cemetery near Mons on 4 August 2014. The event was attended by Belgium’s King Philippe and Queen Mathilde, with Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, his wife Kate (“very pretty” in Freddy’s words) and Prince Harry, who spoke to Freddy and the other standard bearers. Other VIPs included British Prime Minister David Cameron, and the Presidents of France and Germany, François Hollande and Joachim Gauck. Over 500 men, most killed during the battle of Mons, lie in the cemetery: 283 German soldiers and 229 Britons. The cemetery contains the graves of the first and last British soldiers killed in the First World War: Private John Parr, aged 17, and Private George Ellison, 40, shot an hour and a half before the Armistice. The grave of Canadian Private George Price, the last British Empire soldier killed in the war, lies a few metres away. He died at 10.58am, two minutes before the ceasefire.

Arc de Triomphe ceremony

The Brussels branch teamed up with RBL Paris for a special commemoration at the Arc de Triomphe on 4 August 2014. With the traffic stopped, hundreds of Parisiens and tourists watched as the combined delegations, together with members of the French veterans’ association, formed up on the Champs Elysées. President Andrew Fisher’s wife Edith laid a wreath next to the Eternal Flame, under the watch of a guard of honour and band in full dress uniform. The ceremony was followed by a reception at the Paris RBL’s club-house. The President thanked Poppy Appeal Organiser Ann Morley and partner Dave Lees for their work on the memorable event.

Airmen’s memorial

Branch Secretary Andrée Ferrant attended the unveiling of a new monument in Marcq-lez-Enghien on 23 August 2014. The memorial commemorates the first British airmen killed in the First World War, Pilot Lieutenant Vincent Waterfall of the East Yorkshire Regiment and Observer Lieutenant Charles Bayly of the Royal Engineers, who were both 23 when they were shot down. Relatives of the men were present at the ceremony. The memorial was initiated by the late Myriam Wraith, former branch Secretary, branch member Guy Blockmans and historian Louis Darbé. The ceremony ended with a fly-past dropping poppies from a plane similar to the airmen’s AVRO 504. Andrée later joined RBL London representatives at the Planting of the Centenary Tree, commemorating the Battle of Mons. The ceremony was led by the city’s Mayor and former Belgian Prime Minister Elio du Rupo, in the presence of new British Ambassador Alison Rose and her German, French and Irish counterparts.

Poppy Appeal record

A record €15,000 was raised from collections and donations in Brussels and the surrounding area during the 2014 Poppy Appeal, the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War. The amount was €3,200 higher than the previous year – which was also a record.

Torch of Remembrance

The British Torch of Remembrance, carried by ex-service personnel from Westminster Abbey to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Brussels and Menin Gate in Ypres, made its annual visit to Belgium on 7 November 2014. British Ambassador Alison Rose, Air Chief Marshal Sir Joe French and Belgian Minister of Defence Steven Vandeput laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on behalf of the branch, which was represented by Fernand Delcourt, Alan Puplett and Andrée Ferrant.
The idea of a torch as a symbol of remembrance originated in Belgium in 1926 when the National Veterans Federation (FNC) carried torches from the country’s nine provinces to the memorial at the Colonne du Congrès. 

Farewell Harry

The branch was saddened to learn of the death of former President and Chairman Harry More MBE on 13 February 2015. Harry’s story was told in the April 2015 edition of The Wipers Times. He served in the Royal Army Ordnance Corps and took part in the Normandy campaign in June 1944. After the war, he settled in Belgium, married Denise and worked for the British Embassy and EuroControl. Colin Puplett spoke for all in his tribute to Harry: “The image that will remain in our memories will be that of a man of great integrity; upright, discreet, cheerful and generous. He was nice man, a great man, a real gentleman."

Mark Thomas

The branch expressed its condolences following the death of ex-Falklands RAF veteran Mark Thomas, who passed away on 26 March 2015 aged 53. Known as “Tommo”, Mark joined the branch in 2010. He was an active member of the Welfare Committee and Chairman of British United Football Club. Paying tribute in The Wipers Times, Brenda Puplett wrote: “His strength of character during the last few months of his life, when he was putting up a brave fight against cancer, which he knew to be terminal, was an example for us all.”

Charlotte is the toast

The annual commemorations at Hotton and La Roche-en-Ardenne on 3 May 2015 coincided with preparations for the 70th anniversary of VE Day. Abbé Herman Kusola and the Reverend Ann Babb conducted the service at Eglise Notre-Dame Consolatrice, with Ann seizing the opportunity to mention a new Royal arrival on 2 May, Princess Charlotte, daughter of HRH Prince William and his wife Kate. British Ambassador Alison Rose, President Brigadier Andrew Fisher, Burgomaster Jacques Chaplier and local schoolchildren gave readings. The commemoration continued at the CWGC cemetery where Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans gave the address. The commune offered drinks at the town sports hall, where RBL memorabilia were sold by branch members Jacqueline Daugnaix-Whitfield, Fleur Empringham and Terry Ann Kemp. The Rev Ann Babb also led a short remembrance ceremony at La Roche, where Alan Puplett and Burgomaster Guy Gilloteaux gave addresses. Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux was impeccable as ever.

Ceremony at fort

Branch President Andrew Fisher and member Fenton Wiffen took part in a ceremony at the Fort d’Aubin Neufchateau on 8 May 2015 to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of the Second World War in Europe. Fenton and two schoolchildren laid the branch’s wreath. The fort held out for 11 days after the German invasion of Belgium. Without Belgium’s stout resistance, Germany might have thwarted the Dunkirk evacuation.

Tribute to aircrew 

At the invitation of branch member Wilfred Burie, Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux and Alan Puplett attended a ceremony on 27 May 2015 at the Rebecq memorial which honours five RAF aircrew whose Lancaster was shot down on 28 May 1944. The memorial also commemorates members of the Belgian resistance who helped one crew member evade capture and provided medical assistance to another. Guests at the commemoration included Wing Commander Jack Harris DFC, who flew 37 raids with 550 Squadron in 1944-45.

Salute to Pierre

Pierre Campion, a member of the branch committee for 10 years and who served in the Royal Navy during the Normandy landings, passed away on 22 May 2015. Pierre, who lived in Oostduinkerke, ran the Friends of the Fallen team and every November would place over 100 poppy crosses in war cemeteries on the Belgian coast from De Panne to Knokke. Alan Puplett paid tribute to him in The Wipers Times.

Trainee Alan

Alan Puplett, in his capacity as trainee Standard Bearer, attended the D-Day commemorations on 6 June 2015 at Caen Memorial, Bayeux Cathedral and the CWGC cemetery.

Message from the crypt

Brigadier Andrew Fisher led the branch commemoration at Evere on 27 June 2015. As in previous years, the ceremony started at the Waterloo Campaign Monument. The Reverend Ann Babb read out read out a poem engraved in the Monument crypt, with the opening line “Peace to thy soul, and blissful glory crown thy shade, O brave and virtuous Hero!” She also conducted the service at the CWGC cemetery. The bugle was played by Rosi Hingsammer. The Standard Bearer was Freddy Roiseux.

Ken’s war

Kennith Schrijvers told his story in the October 2015 edition of The Wipers Times, recalling his childhood in Ypres in the aftermath of the First World War, his time in the Belgian Army, as a PoW in Poland, and serving as a medic in the US 7th Armoured Division in the Ardennes. After the war Kennith became a police officer. He died on 31 March 2016 (obituary).


Squadron Leader Edward Hearn DFC 

Edward Hearn DFC

Tributes were paid to former member Squadron Leader Edward Hearn DFC, who died on 29 August 2015, aged 94. Edward was the bomb aimer of a Lancaster severely damaged by anti-aircraft fire near Cologne on the night of 28-29 June 1943. The cockpit shattered, temporarily blinding the pilot, Sergeant Cecil Wilkie, who managed to stay at the controls. Hearn was hit by shrapnel in his left arm but released the bombs, earning him the DFC. On August 7 1944, he was shot down near Honfleur in Normandy but managed to bail out. He was sheltered for three weeks by villagers in Marais-Vernier until being rescued by British troops. He was awarded a Bar to his DFC for “unflagging zeal, courageous bearing and coolness in face of the enemy”. After the war, Hearn moved to Brussels. In 1947, he returned to France to thank those who had sheltered him and met his future wife, Paule. They married in 1949. Hearn was Chairman of the RAF Escaping Society (RAFES) in Belgium and President of the Brussels branch of the Royal Air Forces Association.

Belgian Memorial Day

The branch was well represented at a ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier to mark Belgian Memorial Day on 24 October 2015. President Brigadier Andrew Fisher joined British Ambassador Alison Rose and Holy Trinity Lay Reader David Fieldsend in reading read out the names of 500 of the 33,000 British soldiers who fell during the second year of the First World War. Branch member Ron Aston read the names of 300 of the 2,700 Canadian casualties. The names of Indian, French, German and Belgian casualties, including those who were deported and civilians who were shot were also remembered. Membership Secretary Jean-Pierre Pede signed the Belgian National Remembrance Committee livre d’or.

Trinity service

The Reverend Canon John Wilkinson conducted the Remembrance Sunday service at Holy Trinity on 8 November 2015. Wreaths were laid by British Ambassador Alison Rose, Australian Ambassador Mark Higgie and his wife Zoe, Northern Ireland Office Deputy Head Brian Smart, US Defence Attaché Colonel Peter Scammel and Air Commodore John Maas. Branch Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux and Jean-Pierre Blankaert of RAFA, together with bugler Rosi Hingsamer and organist Heather Charlton, performed their duties with due solemnity.

Christmas treat

Musician David Cage, son of member Rosemary Pallett, gave a moving interpretation of We’ll Meet Again at the branch Christmas lunch on 14 December 2015 at Le St Hubert, the new venue for branch socials since the closure of Les Brasseries Rustiques.

German notice announcing execution of Edith Cavell and
Philippe Baucq. Other death sentences were commuted

Cavell and Baucq exhibition

Honorary Secretary Andrée Ferrant, Membership Secretary Jean-Pierre Pede and Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux represented the branch at a preview for an exhibition on “The life and death of Edith Cavell and Philippe Baucq” at the Bibliothèque Hergé in Etterbeek on 7 January 2016. The event, opened by Deputy Mayor Max Irving and organised with the Belgian Edith Cavell Commemoration Group, was also attended by British Ambassador Alison Rose. Cavell and Brussels architect Philippe Baucq were executed in Schaerbeek on 12 October 1915 for helping allied soldiers escape to the Netherlands during the First World War. The exhibition, which ran until 31 March, also highlighted other key figures in Belgian underground escape networks including French teacher Louise Thuliez, Princess Marie de Croÿ, her brother Prince Réginald de Croÿ, head of the YORC network, mining engineer Herman Capiau and chemist Louis Séverin. Thuliez and Marie de Croÿ also helped allied soldiers escape in the Second World War. 

Gestapo cellars listed

The cellars where prisoners were tortured in the former Brussels headquarters of the Gestapo at the requisitioned Résidence Belvédère, located at 453 Avenue Louise, were given listed status by Brussels Capital Region on 14 January 2016. The building was attacked by Baron Jean de Selys Longchamps, a Belgian serving in the Royal Air Force, on 20 January 1943 (see above). After the raid the Sicherheitspolizei (Sipo), Sicherheitsdienst (SD) and Gestapo moved to 347 Avenue Louise, also listed. Prisoners in both buildings left inscriptions on the cellar walls.

Légion d’Honneur

Members were delighted to hear at the committee meeting on 19 January 2016 that Normandy veteran Fred Hobbs had been awarded the Légion d’Honneur.

Committee 2016

The branch committee in 2016 was constituted as follows. President: Brigadier Andrew Fisher. Chairman: Ed Read Cutting, Vice-Chairman: Colin Puplett, Hon Treasurer: Paul Boorman, Hon Secretary: Andrée Ferrant, Welfare Secretary: Brenda Puplett, Membership Secretary: Jean-Pierre Pede, Events Coordinator: Kate Andrews, Poppy Appeal Organiser: Ann Morley, History & Website: Greg Ruthven, Newsletter: Michael Whitburn, Friends of the Fallen: Jacqueline Daugnaix-Whitfield, Public Relations: Paulina Robijns van Rijn, Standard Bearers: Freddy Roiseux and Alan Puplett, Chaplain: the Reverend Ann Babb.

Tea in a tank

The development of a new armoured vehicle designed to break the deadlock of trench warfare – the tank – was the focus of an article by Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans in the April 2016 edition of The Wipers Times. The Mark I tank first went into action at the Battle of Flers-Courcelette on 15 September 1916. Each tank had an indispensable piece of equipment, a tin attached to the exhaust which was filled with water to make tea. “Dans l’armée Britannique, on ne part pas au combat sans thé,” explained François.

Claire’s memories

Claire Whitfield looked back on her life in the April 2016 edition of The Wipers Times, following the liberation and her marriage to RAF Flight Sgt Stanley Whitfield. The couple lived initially with Stanley’s family in Durham where Claire picked up a North-East accent she never lost. “It was so cold there I’d always sit as close to the fire as possible,” she laughed. Work was scarce after the war and the couple returned to Belgium so that Stanley could take a job working for Claire’s father. Their twin daughters, Patricia and Jacqueline, were born at this time. They were forced to move back to Britain, however, when the factory Stanley was working in burnt down. Sadly, Stanley died from a brain tumour in 1963, aged just 43. Claire later married her widowed brother-in-law Billy Charlton, who was a wireless operator on Halifax bombers during the war. She was widowed a second time when he died in 1977. Claire returned to Brussels in 1982 and worked as a buyer for Procter & Gamble. After retiring in 1985, a friend introduced her to the British Legion club in Schaerbeek and she quickly became involved as an enthusiastic committee member. She had particularly fond memories of Reg Whitburn and Freddie Townsend. “They were real gentlemen – I miss them so much,” said Claire.  

A fabulous 80th birthday celebration for Claire Whitfield
with her twin daughters, Jacqueline (left) and Patricia 

RAF memorials

The branch was represented by Andrée Ferrant, Jean-Pierre Pede and Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux at the unveiling of new memorials at Jalhay and Bérinzenne on 9 April 2016. Both memorials commemorate RAF aircrews shot down in 1944.

Raid tribute

Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux took part in a ceremony at to mark the anniversary of the Zeebrugge Raid at St. Donatian Church (Sint-Donaaskerk) on 17 April 2016. Within the churchyard, the Zeebrugge Memorial commemorates four Royal Navy men who died on the mole at Zeebrugge and have no known grave.

Oak gift

Branch President Brigadier Andrew Fisher welcomed members to Hotton for the annual commemoration on 8 May 2016, where he announced plans to offer the commune an oak tree and wooden bench as a memento of its enduring relationship with the branch. Abbé Herman Kusola and Reverend Ann Babb conducted the service at Eglise Notre-Dame Consolatrice, in which Ambassador Alison Rose and Pauline Robbins van Rijn gave readings. Ann also led the service at Hotton CWGC cemetery and at the La Roche Memorial.

Enclos des Fusillés

The branch was strongly represented at a Belgian ceremony in the presence of King Philippe at l’Enclos des Fusillés in Schaerbeek on 29 May 2016. The site, in the grounds of the former Tir national range, was occupied by the Germans during both world wars and used for executions. Among those who faced the firing squad in the First World War were Edith Cavell and Gabrielle Petit. Youra Livchitz, who helped free Jewish deportees after stopping a train from Mechelen bound for Auschwitz, was executed with his brother Alexandre in February 1944. Freddy Roiseux was among the Standard Bearers. Branch representatives included Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans, Andrée Ferrant, Colin and Brenda Puplett, Jean-Pierre Pede and Ethel Pede-Moffatt.

Pegasus Bridge

Alan Puplett represented the branch as Standard Bearer at Pegasus Bridge, Ranville and Arromanches at the 72nd anniversary D-Day commemorations on 5-6 June 2016.  “My own thoughts were especially with Harry Shaw MBE, Jack Whittle, Reg Whitburn MBE, Ken Bowring, Albert Bove, Arthur Empringham, Harry More MBE, Freddy Townsend OBE, Pierre Campion and other past members,” he recalled.

Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux on duty at Evere

Evere 2016

The annual commemoration at the CWGC cemetery and Waterloo Campaign Monument at Evere on 25 June 2016 attracted a large turnout. Wreaths were laid by Alan Campbell, Deputy Head of Mission at the British Embassy, branch Vice-Chairman Colin Puplett, Erich d’Hulster, and Eric Johnson with his daughter Kathleen. The ceremonies were led by Reverend Canon Dr Paul Vrolijk. Jean-Pierre Pede and Willy Van Damme, representing the commune of Etterbeek, read out the names of some of those who lie in the cemetery and Rosi Hingsamer played the Last Post. The Standard Bearers were Freddy Roiseux, for the branch, and Jean-Claude Favresse for the National Federation of Belgian Veterans.

Student visits

Fleur Empringham, Claire Whitfield and Roger Ellis were three of the older branch members visited by students from the International School of Brussels (ISB) as part of their creativity, action and service project. Fleur recalled her experience in the July 2016 issue of The Wipers Times: “Gradually it became a habit to have traditional English tea at 5pm. He could have been another grandson to me and I was told I was like an extra grandma. This has been an enriching experience for both of us.”

Piron memorial

The Brigade Piron commemoration on 9 September 2016 was, once again, very well attended. The branch was represented by Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux.

Escapes and scrapes 

Long-standing member Fernand Delcourt told his story in the October 2016 edition of The Wipers Times. Serving in the 1e Régiment des Guides tank squadron in May 1940, he recalled how it was no match for the enemy. Belgium had only eight tanks in total, spread across the country. Fernand’s tank was hit by an 88mm anti-tank artillery gun and two of the crew were killed. Although wounded, Fernand managed to escape and made his way to Montpellier in unoccupied France. He returned to Belgium in August 1941, initially working for the Red Cross and then as secretary to Colonel Emile Gilbert, former chef de cabinet to Lieutenant-Général Henri Denis, Minister for National Defence. Gilbert was arrested in July 1942 and Fernand was forced to go into hiding again, sheltered by the monks at Orval Abbey, before escaping to Britain thanks to the Comète line. 

Ethel Pede-Moffatt, Fernand Delcourt and Andrée Ferrant
at the 72nd anniversary of the liberation of Brussels

Fantastic trio

Chairing the branch AGM on 18 October 2016, Welfare Chairman Colin Puplett announced that three committee members had stepped down: Ed Read Cutting, branch Chairman since 2006, the Reverend Ann Babb, Chaplain, and Paulina Robbins van Rijn, responsible for public relations, following her move back to the UK. Colin thanked all three for the fantastic work they had done for the branch. Now based in Kent, former Chairman Ed Read Cutting remains an active member of the RBL at its Goudhurst branch. 

Michael returns

Despite being in frail health, former Membership Secretary Michael Rose returned to attend the Remembrance Sunday ceremony at Holy Trinity on 13 November 2016. Wreaths were laid by British Ambassador Alison Rose, Australian Ambassador Mark Higgie and his wife Zoe, Heidi-Beth Hudson, Senior EU Liaison Officer at the Northern Ireland Office, Colonel Peter Scammel, for the US Embassy, and Air Commodore John Maas with Mr Michel de Norman, representing RAFA. The Standard Bearers were Freddy Roiseux and Alan Pulpett, for the branch, Jean-Pierre Blanquart of RAFA and Jean-Claude Favresse for the Belgian Veterans’ Association.

Léon's war

Léon Rubin was the subject of the All About Me feature in the January 2017 edition of The Wipers Times. When Belgium was invaded, he wanted to join the Belgian forces in Britain even though he was Swiss and only 15. In 1943, Léon crossed the border into Spain but was arrested soon after. Claiming to be British, he was freed and eventually reached Britain via Gibraltar, serving in the Belgian section of the RAF. He made his second parachute drop at the age of 90 (updated biography).

A life well-lived

Long-standing member Noël Anselot passed away on 12 January 2017. He was 92. A holder of the Croix de Guerre 1940-45, Liège-born Noël had the wartime status of Agent de Renseignement et d’Action (ARA), with the rank of Adjutant. In December 1944, he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the 1st battalion of the 4th Brigade ‘Grenadiers Steenstraete’.
He returned to civilian life at the end of 1946 and began a career in the media. Initially working in Belgium, Noël moved to London as correspondent for Belga and also wrote for The Economist and Foreign Report. In 1951 the British government invited him to lecture on current affairs in Belgium, the Belgian Congo and on the nascent European Coal and Steel Community. He later made a career in the oil industry, first as Director of BP Belgium/Luxembourg, then as Managing Director of ELF Belgium from 1964-1970, before founding his own company, Oil Exchange SA.
Noël returned to writing in later life, producing 10 books including Cuisine d'Ardenne, Famenne et Gaume, his paean to Belgian cooking, and Ces Belges Qui Ont Fait La France, a best-seller. He was the founder of the first continental “Village du Livre” at his weekend home of Redu, which continues to hold an annual book festival to this day. His distinction in the field of culture led President Jacques Chirac, on the proposal of Agriculture Minister François Guillaume, to make Noël a Chevalier of the Légion d’Honneur. He wed Joan, a British university teacher and former member of the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS), during the war. The couple had seven children, two of whom pre-deceased them. His funeral took place at Holy Trinity.

Flying feats remembered

Branch members attended a ceremony on 27 January 2017 at the Edmond Thieffry Monument, commemorating the First World War air ace and aviation pioneer. Almost 100 years to the day earlier, Thieffry took off from an airfield near Dunkirk with four Belgian flags weighted with bags of earth from the last part of unoccupied Belgium. Flying over Brussels, Thieffry dropped the first flag near the Cathedral and the others over his old school, the Collège St Michel in Etterbeek, and the homes of his parents and future wife, Madeleine, with a  billet doux attached: “Un bien affectueux bonjour à ma fiancée bien-aimée.” In 1925, Thieffry, together with  co-pilot Léopold Roger and mechanic Jeff De Bruycker, set off from Haren bound for the Congolese capital of Léopoldville (Kinshasa), a distance of 8,200 km. Crossing unchartered territory, the crew overcame sandstorms and mechanical problems but, after several stops, finally reached their destination after 51 days. Thieffry was killed making another daring flight in 1929, when his plane was brought down by a hurricane near Lake Tanganyika. The monument was inaugurated in 1932 and a Brussels metro station also bears his name. Léon Rubin, Freddy Roiseux, Jean-Pierre Pede, Ethel Pede-Moffatt and Andrée Ferrant represented the branch and laid a wreath at the ceremony.

Farewell Fred

The branch received the sad news that Normandy veteran Fred Hobbs had passed away on 2 March 2017. He was 92. A holder of the Legion d’Honneur, Fred served with the Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), the Royal Artillery and Middlesex Regiment. Fred, who took part in the liberation of Antwerp and the Ardennes campaign, told his story in January 2016 edition of The Wipers Times. He left a widow, Ivy, and son. Five standard bearers of the “Anciens Combattants” were present at his funeral. Welfare Committee Chairman Colin Puplett read the eulogy and Exhortation. 

Link with youth

Belgian Air Force veteran and branch member Peter van den Broeck wrote about Laakdal’s Remembrance Committee in the April 2017 edition of The Wipers Times. The commune works closely with schools, sponsoring visits to the battlefields and former concentration camp at Breendonk, where the visit is guided by an ex-prisoner. Serving Belgian military personnel also volunteer for classroom Q&As to explain the link between past and present.

Farewell Fred

The branch received the sad news that Normandy veteran Fred Hobbs had passed away on 2 March 2017. A holder of the Legion d’Honneur, he served with the Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), the Royal Artillery and Middlesex Regiment. Fred, who took part in the liberation of Antwerp and the Ardennes campaign, told his story in January 2016 edition of The Wipers Times.

Envoys at Hotton

British Ambassador Alison Rose and Canadian Ambassador Olivier Nicoloff joined branch members for the annual commemoration ceremony at Hotton on 7 May 2017. The service at Notre Dame des Constellations was conducted by Père Herman Kusola and new branch Chaplain, Reverend Canon John Wilkinson. The Bible readings were by Kate Andrews, Andrée Ferrant and Jean-Pierre Pede. The Ambassadors, Hotton Burgomaster Jacques Chaplier and branch President Brigadier Andrew Fisher laid wreaths at the war memorial outside the church. At the CWGC cemetery, Colonel Francois Roberti-Lintermans made a poignant speech about peace. The ceremonies continued at La Roche, where a wreath was laid by Burgomaster Guy Giloteaux, accompanied by a delegation of fire fighters. Piper Jean-Louis Vandewinkel played the lament.

Reverend Canon John Wilkinson, François Roberti-Lintermans
and Ambassador Alison Rose at Hotton in 2017

Evere 2017

Reverend Canon John Wilkinson led ceremonies at the Waterloo Campaign Monument and CWGC cemetery in Evere 24 June 2017. Ron Aston read the Exhortation at the monument and wreaths were laid by Charlotte Hunter, Second Secretary at the British Embassy, representing the Ambassador to Belgium, and William Andrews, son of Events Coordinator Kate Andrews. Jean-Claude Favresse, Standard Bearer for the Belgian Veterans’ Association, stood in for Freddy Roiseux who could not attend. At the CWGC cemetery, Jean-Pierre Pede read out names of the Fallen. Wreaths were laid by Charlotte Hunter, Wilfred Burie, Chairman of the Rebecq Memorial, Erich d’Hulster, on behalf of the Belgian para-commandos, and the grandson of Myriam Wraith, the branch’s late Secretary. After the ceremony, Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans realised his decorations were missing. Happily, they were discovered close to the Waterloo monument.

Top: Flyer for British Day. Above: Ethel, Andrée, Brenda, Erich, Jean-Pierre and Colin at Boom

British Day in Boom

Members took part in the 'British Day in Boom' celebrations on 2 September 2017, commemorating the town’s liberation on 4 September 1944 by the 3rd Royal Tank Regiment (Normandy footage). British food, whisky and gin tasting, 1940s music, British classic cars, board games, and London taxis were all part of the fun. The Brits were in Boom for two weeks in 1944 – and clearly made an impression because 21 local girls went on to marry British soldiers. Lieutenant Colonel David Silvertop DSO MC, commander of regiment which liberated the town, was sadly killed soon after during Operation Market Garden. A memorial was inaugurated in memory of Col Silvertop. A second ceremony was held across the River Rupel at the Tank Monument in Klein-Willebroek. The branch was represented at the ceremonies by Andrée Ferrant, Colin and Brenda Puplett, Erich d'Hulster, Jean-Pierre Pede and Ethel Pede-Moffatt.

Women’s sacrifice

The branch was represented at Belgian Memorial Day on 22 September 2017, when the accent was on the role of women during the First World War. Women representing civil society in Belgium and other countries read out the names of civilian and military victims as well as deportees in 1917. Anne Coppieters 't Wallant read the poignant last letter sent home by Léonie Rammeloo, a 27-year-old passeur, just before she and her friend Emilie Schatteman were executed by firing squad.

Stopped counting

Paul Boorman, branch Treasurer for 13 years, stepped down in September 2017. “He kept us on the financial straight and narrow year in and year out, producing flawless annual accounts and providing us with advice and guidance when we needed it. His presence on the committee, his highly qualified guidance and ready wit will be much missed,” said President Andrew Fisher. Sally Baxter was announced as his successor.

Roger after receiving his Légion d'Honneur

Honour for Roger, 99

Branch member Roger Ellis, 99, was invested with the Légion d'Honneur in a ceremony conducted by Capitaine de Frégate Lamour de Caslou at the French Ambassador's Residence in October 2017. Roger was 25 when he landed on Sword Beach. He served in France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. He was joined at the ceremony by his daughter and two sons, as well as members of the Brussels branch. Asked for the secret of his longevity, he replied: “Never tell lies.”

Membership update

The number of members was relatively stable, down seven from two years previously, Membership Secretary Jean-Pierre Pede reported to the committee on 20 October 2017. President Andrew Fisher said the branch needed to actively target young members aged under 30.

Cream of the crop

The welfare committee held its first-ever cream tea on 23 October 2017, which proved an instant hit with members. Thanks to Ron Aston’s contacts, a venue was secured at St. Anthony’s Church Hall in Kraainem and the Military Wives’ Choir Belgium gave a recital.

Andrée and Fernand laying the branch wreath at Gare Centrale

First class

Andrée Ferrant and Fernand Delcourt laid a wreath at the Monument aux Cheminots at the Gare Centrale to mark the arrival of the British Torch of Remembrance on 10 November 2017. Created by sculptor Fernand Débonnaire, the monument commemorates Belgian railway workers killed during the First and Second World Wars. A further ceremony took place at the Place de l’Albertine next to the statues of King Albert and Queen Elisabeth, followed by a reception at the City Hall.

Halifax tragedy

Jacqueline Daugnaix-Whitfield (daughter of Claire Whitfield) laid a wreath on behalf of the branch on 12 November 2017 at a memorial near Thynes honouring 14 Australian and French airmen killed when two Halifax bombers crashed in bad weather on 21 November 1944.

Never too late to join

Membership Secretary Jean-Pierre Pede informed the committee that 92-year-old Jean Carlier had joined the branch following its Spring Tea on 19 March 2018.

New skipper

Commodore Darren Bone was elected as the branch’s new Chairman on 26 March 2018. Secretary to the NATO Military Committee since July 2017, Darren was previously Commander British Forces South Atlantic Islands, based in the Falkland Islands. He also served in the Ministry of Defence, the UK’s Joint Headquarters, Afghanistan, and deployed worldwide on maritime operations. Among his career highlights was navigating the Royal Yacht Britannia.


Commodore Darren Bone

Committee 2018

The branch committee in 2018 was constituted as follows. President: Brigadier Andrew Fisher. Chairman: Commodore Darren Bone, Hon Treasurer: Sally Baxter, Hon Secretary: Andrée Ferrant, Membership Coordinator: Jean-Pierre Pede, Welfare Chairman: Colin Puplett, Welfare Secretary: Brenda Puplett, Poppy Appeal Organiser: Ann Morley, Newsletter Coordinator: Michael Whitburn, Electronic Communications: Alan Puplett, Friends of the Fallen: Jacqueline Daugnaix-Whitfield, Events Coordinator: Kate Andrews, Chaplain: Reverend Canon John Wilkinson, Standard Bearers: Freddy Roiseux, Jean-Pierre Blanckaert, 2nd Standard Bearer: Alan Puplett, Website and Historian: Greg Ruthven.

Andrew bows out

Brigadier Andrew Fisher, branch President since 2006, stood down in March 2018. Paying tribute to Andrew, who also served as Acting Chairman for 18 months, Welfare Committee head Colin Puplett said: “He will be remembered for instilling a sense of comradeship and team spirit, his sense of humour and ensuring that the branch committee had a clear description of each member’s duties and responsibilities. Andrew was not afraid to discuss difficult questions such as what to do to counter the falling branch membership … or how social media could be used to promote the Brussels branch. He was a champion of ensuring that HQ were well aware of the particular conditions in which overseas branches operated.”
Looking back on his tenure, Andrew said: “At the time I was living in Eupen [near the German border] and enjoyed coming over each month for our meetings. I remember the strong sense of comradeship among the members. They were very close to each other and a very efficient group who did a great job looking after the British veterans. I was proud to represent the branch.” As well as leading many commemorative events, Andrew was also an an enthusiastic historian, guiding members on a battlefield tour at Waterloo, and an accomplished cartoonist whose works often appeared in The Wipers Times.

Zeebrugge commemoration

Chairman Commodore Darren Bone laid a wreath to mark the centenary of the Zeebrugge Raid (23 April 1918). HRH The Princess Royal attended the main commemorative event and Terry Whittles, the Legion’s National Chairman, was also present. The Royal Navy lost nearly 600 dead and wounded in the Zeebrugge operation, led by HMS Vindictive against a U-boat base in the port. A smokescreen intended to conceal the attackers was blown offshore, exposing them to heavy casualties. On 9 May 1918, the Navy conducted a second raid on Ostend which was hampered by unexpected sea fog. Despite the heavy losses and questionable gains, both raids demonstrated courage and daring, with the award of eight Victoria Crosses (VCs) at Zeebrugge and three at Ostend as testament to the fact.

Farewell, Joan

Joan Anselot-Crawshaw, widow of Noël Anselot, passed away on 6 May 2018. She was 94. Joan served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) and 602nd Company of the Royal Army Service Corps Northern Ireland Command during the Second World War. She was married to Noël for 71 years. The funeral took place at Holy Trinity and Joan was laid to rest in Redu.


Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux and Chair Commodore Darren Bone at La Roche

Hotton 2018

The annual commemorations at Hotton and La Roche on 6 May 2018 were blessed with superb weather, ensuring a larger than usual turnout from local townspeople. The branch delegation was led by Chairman Commodore Darren Bone and the outgoing President, Brigadier Andrew Fisher. The service at Notre Dame des Constellations was conducted by Père Herman Kusola and Reverend Canon John Wilkinson. Andrée Ferrant, Jean-Pierre Pede and Alan Campbell, representing the British Embassy, gave readings. Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux was immaculate as usual. Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans gave the address at the CWGC cemetery.

Poppy Red

Chairman Commodore Darren Bone and Reverend Canon John Wilkinson led the annual commemoration at Evere on 16 June 2018. The CWGC cemetery looked at its best with all the rose bushes around the graves in bloom. The Military Wives Choir Belgium sang Poppy Red, a specially commissioned new work, and which has been recorded on their new album to mark the centenary of the end of the First World War. Wreaths were laid by Sabine Platteuw, representing the British Ambassador, and Air Commodore John Maas for RAFA.

BBQ success

The Welfare Committee hosted a successful fund-raising barbecue in the gardens of Saint Anthony’s Church Hall in Kraainem on 9 July 2018. Nearly 50 members and supporters enjoyed the event. George Bowring was chef de cuisine and Denise More’s savoury egg dish was a hit. Margaret Lysak encouraged everyone to join in a jolly sing-song

Tributes to Michael Rose

Branch members paid warm tributes to Michael Rose, former Membership Secretary and Vice-Chairman, who passed away in Béziers, France, on 19 July 2018. In 2013, he was awarded the RBL Golden Badge by British Ambassador Jonathan Brenton for services to the branch for over 30 years. Despite being a Scot, Michael enlisted in Belgium’s Para-Commandos and served in Rwanda-Burundi with fellow branch member Erich d’Hulster. “He was an intelligent, courteous, meticulous person, with a great sense of fun. He will always remain in our hearts,” said Erich in tribute. Michael was also Vice-Commodore of the Brussels Yacht Club. Honorary Secretary Andrée Ferrant wrote: “Michael was a man of the sea, a passionate sailor who loved to participate in regattas. But his family came always first: his dear wife Siodhbhra and their son Gordon to whom he was devoted.”

Brenda Knight

The branch was also saddened by news of the death of Brenda Ghislain Knight on 26 July 2018, at the age of 101. Brenda served in the Women’s Auxiliary Royal Air Force (WAAF) during the Second World War. On the occasion of her centenary, Brenda received a signed photograph from the King and Queen of the Belgians, and a telegram and photograph from Buckingham Palace.

74th anniversary

Andrée Ferrant, Alain Brogniez, Ethel Pede-Moffatt and Jean-Pierre Pede represented the branch at the 74th anniversary commemoration of the liberation of Brussels on 3 September 2018. Andrée laid a wreath at the City Hall.

European tribute

President Commodore Darren Bone, Membership Secretary Jean-Pierre Pede and Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux represented the branch at the fifth Belgian Memorial Day, marking the centenary of each year of the First World War, at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on 21 September 2018. The ceremony commemorated all victims, military and civilian. The event was held under the patronage of the European Parliament, whose President, Antonio Tajani, sent a message. The British, US, Canadian, Australian and New Zealand Ambassadors, as well as the Military Attachés representing India, South Africa and Germany, gave readings. Jean-Pierre signed the Belgian National Remembrance Committee livre d’or, together with Général-major Pierre Neirinckx, representing King Philippe, Colonel Jean-Pierre Schellekens, President, Denis Leponce, Maître d'Armes, Delphine Scelles-Hocquard, soprano, and Charles Houtart, Administrator.

Pupletts step down

Colin and Brenda Puplett stepped down as Chairman and Secretary of the Welfare Committee on 8 October 2018, citing frustration over the RBL’s Royal Charter rules which were not, in some members’ view, sufficiently adapted to the needs of overseas branches. In a letter of thanks on behalf of the committee, Branch Chair Darren Bone thanked the couple for the dedication and energy that were hallmarks of their contribution over nearly 14 years, and especially their determination to tackle the threat of social isolation among elderly members. Colin’s brother Alan, the branch’s former electronic communications coordinator and Deputy Standard Bearer, also decided to step down after more than 10 years. Darren praised his dedication, appreciated by all those who worked with him.

NATO Poppy Appeal launch

On the initiative of Chairman Commodore Darren Bone, the 2018 Poppy Appeal was launched at the new NATO Headquarters in Brussels on 23 October. The purpose-built HQ, on the site of Belgium’s first airfield, covers 254,000 m2 and accommodates nearly 4,000 international military and civilian staff. The outer structure, made of glass and steel, resembles interlocking fingers, symbolising NATO’s unity and cooperation. The launch, boosted by the presence of the Military Wives’ Choir Belgium, was a great success.

Heverlee hosts centenary

The beautiful CWGC cemetery at Heverlee was the setting for the branch’s Remembrance Sunday Service on 11 November 2018, which coincided with the centenary of the Armistice. Chairman Commodore Darren Bone and Reverend Canon John Wilkinson led the multinational commemoration, which attracted a strong turnout including the Military Wives’ Choir Belgium and representatives of the scouts and guides. Darren thanked Kate Andrews and Andrée Ferrant for their flawless organisation.

Hello Zoe, Phil and Dennis

Commodore Darren Bone welcomed three new members to the branch committee at the AGM on 1 December 2018:
Zoe White MBE, a member of NATO’s International Staff, was a commissioned officer in the Royal Corps of Signals for 17 years, serving in Kosovo, Iraq, Afghanistan and Northern Ireland. She was awarded her MBE in 2008 for work on electronic force protection measures to counter improvised explosive devices.
Phil Hyde, an Administrator at the NATO Communication and Information Agency, spent 23 years in the Royal Navy Submarine Service on nuclear hunter-killer submarines and Trident-missile submarines with the 2nd, 3rd and 10th Submarine Squadrons. His time ashore was mainly spent in fleet command and control headquarters, specialising in communications.
Dennis Abbott joined the committee after 35 years in media and communications. A former journalist with The Sun and Daily Mirror, he edited European Voice and was a European Commission spokesman before joining the Brussels office of bcw as managing director for communications. Dennis served in Iraq in 2003 as a reserve officer.
Jacqueline Daugnaix-Whitfield stood down as Friends of the Fallen Coordinator.

Committee 2019

The branch committee in 2019 was constituted as follows. Chairman: Commodore Darren Bone, Vice-Chairman: Jean-Pierre Pede, Hon Secretary: Andrée Ferrant, Hon Treasurer: Sally Baxter, Membership Secretary: Jean-Pierre Pede, Poppy Appeal Organiser: Ann Morley, Events Coordinator: Kate Andrews. Members: Zoe White MBE, Dennis Abbott, Phil Hyde. Chaplain: Reverend Canon John Wilkinson, Standard Bearer: Freddy Roiseux.

Hotton 2019

Commodore Darren Bone led the commemorations at Hotton and La Roche on 5 May 2019. The service at Notre Dame des Constellations was conducted by Père Herman Kusola and Reverend Canon John Wilkinson. British Ambassador Alison Rose and Honorary Secretary Andrée Ferrant gave Bible readings. Burgomaster Jacques Chaplier led the town’s delegation. The Ambassador, Burgomaster and Commodore Bone laid wreaths at the CWGC cemetery. Alain Brogniez read some of the names of the Fallen and Phil Hyde read a lesson. The commemorations continued at the 51st (Highland) Division memorial at la Roche.

Una makes history

Una Cleminson BEM TD was elected as the Legion’s first female national Chair on 9 May 2019. Previously Vice-Chair, Una started her involvement collecting for the Poppy Appeal at the age of 16. During her military career she was a Major in the Territorial Army’s unit field hospital and worked for 18 years as a sister at a hospice in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire.

Grand performance

At the invitation of Chairman Commodore Darren Bone, the Band of Her Majesty’s Royal Marines, Plymouth, performed an open-air concert in the Grand Place on 3 June 2019 to mark the 75th anniversary of D-Day. The band also played at NATO headquarters in the presence of American Legion National Commander Brett Reistad. The Legion’s new national President, Lieutenant General James Bashall, made his first overseas visit on the occasion, also paying his respects at the CWGC cemetery in Heverlee with Commodore Bone and Phil Hyde.


Rocking the Grand Place

Evere faithful

Commodore Darren Bone opened the branch ceremony at Evere on 15 June 2019. British Ambassador Alison Rose and Honorary Secretary Andrée Ferrant gave readings. The service was conducted by Reverend Canon John Wilkinson. The Ambassador and Defence Attaché, Group Captain Justin Fowler, were among those laying wreaths. Kate Andrews and her son laid a wreath on behalf of the branch.

Piron 2019

Andrée Ferrant, Jean-Pierre Pede, Ethel Pede-Moffatt and Freddy Roiseux represented the branch at the annual Brigade Piron commemoration on 3 September 2019.

Three hats

Jean-Pierre Pede, Vice-Chairman and Membership Secretary, took over as interim Treasurer on 6 September 2019, following Sally Baxter’s move back to the UK. The committee recorded its thanks to Sally, who succeeded Paul Boorman in the role in November 2017. Kate Andrews also stepped down after three years as Events Coordinator. Chairman Darren Bone expressed the committee’s gratitude for all her work, supported by husband Matt. Phil Hyde volunteered to succeed Kate.

Breendonk ceremony

Andrée Ferrant, Erich d’Hulster and Dennis Abbott represented the branch at a ceremony marking the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Fort Breendonk in Willebroek on 18 September 2019. King Philippe and hundreds of schoolchildren took part in the commemoration. The former SS camp held around 3,600 prisoners during the Second World War. More than 300 were executed, tortured to death or died due to inhumane treatment. Its Nazi commandant Philipp Schmitt was recognised by Paul Lévy, a former Breendonk inmate, at the end of the war whilst in custody in Rotterdam. He was tried in Antwerp in 1949 and sentenced to death. He was shot by firing squad on 8 August 1950, the last person to be executed in Belgium. Paul Lévy later became a director at the Council of Europe and was instrumental in selecting its flag, which became the emblem of the European Communities and European Union.

Ambassador’s tribute

New British Ambassador Martin Shearman opened the branch’s annual Remembrance service at the CWGC cemetery in Heverlee on 10 November 2019 with a heartfelt, thought-provoking reflection. Wreaths were laid by senior national military representatives from the UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Poland, the Royal Air Force Association and members of the scouts and guides. Lieutenant Colonel Dick Ovey (bugle), Robbe Claes (trumpet) and Scott James (pipes) added a poignant touch to the occasion.

Chair Darren Bone and the Military Wives' Choir Belgium
launching the 2019 Poppy Appeal at NATO headquarters

Poppy Appeal success

The November 2019 Poppy Appeal, launched by Chair Darren Bone and the Military Wives’ Choir Belgium at NATO headquarters, raised more than €11,000. One of the biggest single fundraisers was Liège-based retired teacher Jackie Farbridge, who collected €825 with the support of pupils from Lycée de Waha and other local schools. Roger George of Stonemanor British Shop in Everberg collected more than €1,000, taking his store’s contribution to more than €13,000 in a decade.

Pegasus Walk

On 5 January 2020, branch members took part in the annual Pegasus Remembrance Walk, organised by Michel Bourland. A ceremony was held to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the three-day Battle of Bure, in which the 13th(Lancashire) Parachute Battalion and 2nd Battalion Oxford and Bucks sustained heavy losses in hand-to-hand fighting to drive out the German defenders. A commemoration was also held at the nearby Belgian SAS monument, marking the place where three members of the special forces regiment were killed under enemy fire.


Left: Andrée Ferrant addresses the crowd at Bure. Right: Michel Bourland. Portrait: Joël Delvaux

Resistance hero dies

Former branch member Arsène Davreux – “Raymond” to his comrades in the Armée Secrète, former President of the 2ème Brigade “Yser” Section Luxembourg and former President of the Fraternelle des Anciens Combattants de la Province de Luxembourg – passed away in Rochefort on 23 January 2020. He was 96. Arsène was one of the branch’s most decorated members: his honours included Chevalier de l’Ordre de Léopold I, Chevalier de l’Ordre de la Couronne, Chevalier de l’Ordre de Léopold II, Médaille d'honneur avec Palme d’Or, Médaille de Volontaire de Guerre, Médaille de la Résistance, and Médaille du militaire Combattant de la guerre 40-45. Arsène’s funeral took place at the Collégiale Saint-Monon de Nassogne on 27 January followed by burial at the Cimetière de Hargimont.


Arsène, known as 'Raymond' in the Armée Secrète

Committee 2020 

The branch committee in 2020 was constituted as follows. Chairman: Commodore Darren Bone, Vice-Chairman: Jean-Pierre Pede, Hon Secretary: Andrée Ferrant, Hon Treasurer: Jean-Pierre Pede, Branch Community Support: Dennis Abbott, Poppy Appeal Organiser: Ann Morley, News and Events Coordinator: Phil Hyde, Web Coordinator: Zoe White MBE, Facebook coordinator: Alain Brogniez, Chaplain: Reverend Canon John Wilkinson, Standard Bearer: Freddy Roiseux, Member: Steve Grant MBE.

Goodbye sweetheart

Vera Lynn, the Second World War “Forces Sweetheart” famous for her recordings of We’ll Meet Again (clip) and The White Cliffs of Dover, died on 18 June 2020. She was 103. Dame Vera was guest of honour at the branch’s Poppy Ball in 1973.

Darren retires

Commodore Darren Bone stepped down as branch Chairman in September 2020 on his retirement after 35 years in the Royal Navy. Paying tribute, his successor Zoe White praised his “outstanding job across all areas of the branch while holding down one of the busiest roles in NATO HQ”, adding that he had worked tirelessly to raise the branch's profile.

First female Chair

Zoe White, who joined the branch committee in 2018, became its first female Chair in September 2020, succeeding Commodore Darren Bone. “It is a privilege to be a part of a strong and enthusiastic branch and to be able to work closely with an exceptionally committed and driven committee,” she said.

 Zoe deployed in Afghanistan

Distanced ceremony

Branch members gathered at Evere on Saturday 2 October 2020 to hold a socially-distanced Remembrance service. Usually held in June, the ceremony was postponed due to the Covid lockdown. In the presence of British Ambassador Martin Shearman and Defence Attaché Group Captain Justin Fowler, the service was opened by branch Chair Zoe White and led by the Reverend Canon John Wilkinson. Wreaths were laid by the Ambassador, Zoe White, Erik Ramakers and Nadine Clarisse from CEAC-ECOS (La Confédération Européenne des Anciens Combattants/ De Confederatie van de Europese oud-strijders), and Stephen Hanson, a retired Canadian Air Force officer, on behalf of the Royal Air Force Association.

François Roberti-Lintermans 

The branch expressed its deep condolences to the family of Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans, who passed away on 17 November 2020. A member of the Belgian Resistance “Marathon” network in the Second World War, he helped British and Allied airmen to evade capture and helped liberate a village with US troops. He later served in the Belgian Army and was a keen amateur historian. His story is told on the branch website.

Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans

Diolch, Mervyn

The branch was saddened to learn of the death of former member Mervyn Evans on 22 November 2020 in Braine-l'Alleud, aged 97. From Treforest, Pontypridd in the South Wales valleys, Mervyn was 21 when he landed with his Royal Signals unit on Juno Beach in 1944. He met his Belgian wife-to-be in Warneton and, after marrying on 30 April 1945, they decided to make their life in Belgium – though Mervyn never lost his Welsh accent. He was laid to rest in in the veterans’ lawn of honour at Sainte-Anne cemetery, Waterloo. His son Peter placed the Welsh flag in his coffin, with these words: “Thank you, Dad, for all you have done for humanity and for your family. You will remain forever in our thoughts and in our hearts.”

Christmas cheers

Pupils from the International School of Belgium in Aartselaar sent a parcel of Christmas cards and letters for the branch’s Second World War veterans – proof of the special bond that exists between the “greatest generation” and the youngest generation. The much-appreciated Christmas messages, coming at the end of a difficult year for the elderly in particular, was encouraged by Head Wayne Johnson after the success of a similar letter-writing initiative by the school to mark Remembrance. 

Isabelle, daughter of Gp Capt Peter Townsend 

Greetings from Isabelle

In a message to the branch on 18 January 2021, Isabelle Townsend, the eldest daughter of former Vice-President and Battle of Britain ace Peter Townsend, wished a “Happy 100th anniversary to the Royal British Legion”. The actress and former fashion model revealed that her father’s books Duel of Eagles, Duel in the Dark (also released as The Odds Against Us), and his autobiography Time and Chance, would be re-published later in 2021. A documentary on one of his other books, The Postman of Nagasaki, is also in the pipeline.

We’ll miss you, Claire

Claire Whitfield (née Stroobant), a former committee member and welfare secretary, passed away at Saint-Michel hospital in Brussels on 27 February 2021. She was 94. Paying tribute, Secretary Andrée Ferrant said: “Claire was very present and active in all the events our branch organised. She loved parties, meeting people, and sharing experiences. Claire was always smiling and happy to help. She was a pearl whom we will miss very much.” 

Centenary Awards 

Chair Zoe White was delighted to announce on 25 March 2021 that three dedicated members had been selected to receive RBL Centenary Awards in recognition of their outstanding contribution to the branch: Eric Johnson, Standard Bearer for 56 years, from 1956-2012; Andrée Ferrant, Honorary Secretary since September 2009; and Ann Morley, Events Coordinator from 2010-2012 and Poppy Appeal Organiser since September 2012.
Life member and Normandy veteran Eric received news of his award on 2 April – his 96th birthday – from Vice-President Jean-Pierre Pede. Eric’s daughter Kathleen and son-in-law Bob were present for the special moment. “Eric was surprised, but extremely touched, by this announcement,” said Jean-Pierre. “During his active life, he was devoted to the RBL and, as he says, ‘British from the head to toe and always ready to serve’. He felt very honoured to receive this award."
Commenting after receiving her certificate of recognition and centenary badge, Andrée said: “It is so much appreciated! I'm so grateful for all the good moments and friendship which I have shared with so many people during these 12 years.”
On receiving her award, Ann said: “I am so proud to have been nominated and selected. It is a great pleasure to be a part of the organisation and enjoy your support.” 


Flore with daughter Sonia

Get better soon, Flore

Flore Empringham, a long-serving member of the branch entertainment committee chaired by her late husband Arthur in the 1970s, is recovering from a broken leg. Flore, who will be 98 in October 2022 and whose story was told in the July 2013 edition of The Wipers Times, has been receiving physiotherapy treatment in Caen, France, where she is staying with her daughter Sonia during the Covid lockdown. Branch Secretary Andrée Ferrant, who spoke to Flore by phone, said: “She is an extraordinary person, extremely positive and funny. The phone-call made my day.”


Prince Philip and HM The Queen on a 1954 royal tour to New Zealand
Image: Archives New Zealand 

Death of Prince Philip 

The branch was deeply saddened to learn of the death of His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, at Windsor on 9 April 2021. He was 99, two months short of his 100th birthday. A life member of the RBL, the Prince was the devoted consort of Her Majesty the Queen, the Legion’s Patron, for 73 years. He served with distinction in the Royal Navy from 1939-52, seeing action as a sub-lieutenant on HMS Valiant during the Battle of Cape Matapan in the Mediterranean, where he earned a mention in despatches. Serving on HMS Whelp, he witnessed the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. The Prince was created Duke of Edinburgh upon his marriage to Princess Elizabeth in November 1947. He retired from the Navy after the Queen’s accession to the throne in February 1952. In May 1966, he accompanied Her Majesty on a four-day state visit to Belgium. The Prince was a strong supporter of the RBL throughout his life, regularly attending Remembrance events and commemorations. His Duke of Edinburgh Awards scheme inspired millions of young people to do voluntary service and develop their skills. Born on the Greek island of Corfu on 10 June 1921, the Duke’s father was Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and his mother, Princess Alice, was a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Prince Philip outlived his four older sisters, one of whom, Princess Cecilie, was tragically killed with her husband and children in an air accident near Ostend in November 1937.

Farewell, François-Marie

Branch member François-Marie Jacobs, a veteran of the Belgian SAS, passed away on the same day as Prince Philip. He was 95. Serving with B Squadron in the final months of the Second World War, François-Marie and his unit took part in numerous operations at the forefront of the Allied push into the Netherlands and Germany. After the Nazi surrender, the Belgian SAS was involved in a counter-intelligence mission aimed at capturing high-ranking military and SS personnel, members of the Gestapo, collaborators, concentration camp guards and other war criminals. His unit captured Joachim von Ribbentrop (Hitler’s Foreign Minister), Admiral Karl Dönitz (Hitler’s successor as head of state), General Ernst Schaumburg (former commander of Paris) and many others. François-Marie spent his civilian career of more than 40 years in the automotive world until retiring in 1990 and moving from Antwerp to settle in Champlon-Famenne. A widower – he lost his wife Gaby in 2019 – he regularly attended remembrance commemorations. He was present for the January 2020 Pegasus Remembrance Walk, marking the 75th anniversary of the three-day Battle of Bure. Paying tribute, branch member Michel Bourland described François-Marie as “a warm, friendly and, above all, modest man”. Secretary Andrée Ferrant added: “He was such a brave, humble and positive friend, who never complained.” 

From left, François-Marie Jacobs, Jean Pierre Blanquart (RAFA), 
Freddy Roiseux, Alain Brogniez, Andrée Ferrant, Didier Nollet and
Michel Bourland at the Pegasus Walk, January 2020

Message to Her Majesty the Queen

The funeral of His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, took place at St George’s Chapel, Windsor, on 17 April 2021. Representatives of the three branches of the armed services played a prominent role in the poignant ceremony, held in a scaled back form due to Covid. The service was watched by millions worldwide.
Chair Zoe White sent the following message of condolence to Her Majesty the Queen and the Royal Family on behalf of the branch:
It was with much sadness that the Royal British Legion Brussels Branch received the news of His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh’s death.
Prince Philip dedicated his life to the service of his country and the Commonwealth. Energetic, industrious and a life-long moderniser, he is remembered for his drive and dedication to public service over seven decades.
A former Royal Navy officer who saw distinguished active service, he was a life-long member and supporter of the Royal British Legion. In particular, the Brussels Branch remembers Her Majesty and Prince Philip's official visit to Belgium in May 1966 where branch members were honoured to join many elements of their busy programme, including the paying of respects at the Anglo-Belgian Memorial in Brussels’ Place Poelaert and the inspection of a guard of honour, composed of British and Belgian veterans in the Grand Place.
A much-loved and respected figure, his commitment and devotion to The Queen was clear and unwavering through the good times and the bad. He was an example of enduring strength, stability and togetherness that has become even more relevant during the pandemic. On behalf of all members of the Brussels Branch, we celebrate his life and offer our deepest condolences to our Patron Her Majesty the Queen and the Royal Family. We will remember him.
Royal British Legion Brussels Branch.”

VE Day 76

Sunday 9 May 2021 finally heralded a return to a formal commemoration in Brussels with an event organised by CEAC-ECOS (European Confederation of Veterans) to mark the 76th Victory in Europe day. Under varying weather conditions (from sunshine to downpour), veterans associations joined at the Colonne du Congrès to lay wreathes at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Brussels Branch was represented by Chair Zoe White and Andrée Ferrant. After the ceremony, CEAC-ECOS kindly offered those on parade a drink at a local cafe and the gentle hum of social activity was a boost to all. Zoe was delighted to be able to finally meet branch members Didier Nollet who was attending with the Liberation Group and Jean-Luc Deswaene and enjoy a socially-distanced conversation!

VE Day 76 at Colonne du Congrès

RBL 100

Members of the branch committee, partners and family members took part in a ceremony at the CWGC Cemetery in Evere on 15 May 2021 to mark the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Royal British Legion. Similar events took place across the UK and at overseas branches worldwide. Chair Zoe White laid a wreath at the Cross of Sacrifice, bearing the following inscription: “Brussels branch marks 100 years of support to our Armed Services community. We pledge to continue this sterling service for the serving, veterans and their families. We will remember them.” Also present at the event, held under Covid restrictions, were: Andrée Ferrant (Honorary Secretary), Jean-Pierre Pede (Vice-Chairman), Ethel Pede-Moffatt, Viviane Pede, Alain Brogniez (Facebook Coordinator), David Bizley, Dennis Abbott (Branch Community Support/Historian) and Laura Houlgatte-Abbott.

From left: Alain Brogniez, Zoe White, Jean-Pierre Pede, Ethel Pede-Moffatt,
Dennis Abbott, Laura Houlgatte-Abbott, David Bizley at CWGC Evere
Image kindly provided by Viviane Pede

Zoe and Brussels Standard Bearer Freddie Roiseux later took part in a 100th anniversary commemoration at the Menin Gate in Ypres, organised by Ypres Branch and the Last Post Association. Wreaths were laid by the UK Ambassador to Belgium, Martin Shearman, the Mayor of Ypres, Emmily Talpe, the Chairs of the Belgian RBL Branches, the Last Post Association and the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. The President of Ypres branch, Christophe Onraet and Chair, Patrick Buerms, kindly invited both Brussels Chair Zoe White and Antwerp Chair Sid Wilkins to join the event with their Standard Bearers and hosted the group superbly throughout.

The three Belgian branches finally meet at Ypres! 
Standard Bearers from Brussels, Ypres and Antwerp on parade at the Menin Gate

Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux at Ypres on the RBL's 100th birthday

Zoe: My Legion

Chair Zoe White was profiled in the Centenary Edition of the RBL magazine in May 2021. In the article, Zoe spoke about growing up in Gibraltar and her 17 years as a commissioned officer in the Royal Corps of Signals. Zoe spent most of her military career on operations, with a tour in Kosovo, three tours in Iraq, three tours in Afghanistan and a tour in Northern Ireland. Zoe was encouraged to join the RBL by former Chair Commodore Darren Bone after moving to Brussels to join NATO. She succeeded him as the first female Chair of the branch in September 2020. In the article, Zoe highlighted her priorities: recruitment, more social and commemorative events, including battlefield tours, and a special event to mark the branch’s centenary in 2022.  

Isières memorial  

Mireille Picron, Laura Houlgatte-Abbott and Dennis Abbott represented the branch at a ceremony held at the British memorial in Isières on 19 May 2021. The event was led by Mayor of Ath Bruno Lefèbvre, in the presence of veterans from the Union Picarde Commando Parachutiste, led by President Jean Paul Saussez and Deputy Secretary Benoît Crasset. Readings were given by Francis Populaire and Aimé Delmée, responsible for organising the ceremonies in the village. The British memorial, instigated by a local teacher after the Second World War, commemorates nine soldiers, eight from ‘D’ Company of the 4th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, and one from the Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry. They were killed in action nearby on 18/19 May 1940 in the Battle of La Cavée during operations to cover the British Expeditionary Force’s withdrawal to Dunkirk: Pte Douglas Atherton (22, from Chester), Pte Arthur Hoggett (20), Pte Thomas Johnson (20, from Wallasey), Capt Kenneth Lucking (from Rossett, Clwyd), Pte Percy McCormick (21, from Wallasey), Cpl George Nursaw (33, from Rock Ferry, married with five children), Pte Sydney Taylor (25, married, from Rock Ferry), 2nd Lt Major R. Williams (24, from Hoylake), and Pte Robert Wallis (1st Bn, Ox and Bucks Light Infantry, age 24, from Hayes, Middlesex). The inscription on Pte Atherton’s headstone is especially moving: “We oft repeat his name, what would we give to see him smile and hear his voice again.”
The remainder of ‘D’ Company reached the Channel coast on 24 May and were ordered to defend the village of Wormhout. Several members of the unit were captured and among 80 defenceless British and French PoWs executed in a barn by troops from the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler on 28 May. Hauptsturmführer (later General) Wilhelm Mohnke and Obergruppenführer Sepp Dietrich were blamed for ordering the massacre, but neither were ever charged with the crime.

Sacrifice never forgotten

The branch’s annual act of remembrance at the CWGC Cemetery in Evere on 26 June 2021 attracted a large turnout, including representatives of European and Belgian associations.
After a warm welcome from Chair Zoe White, British Ambassador Martin Shearman set the tone for the commemoration, reminding those present of the enormous sacrifices made in the cause of freedom. In the First World War, 880,000 British forces gave their lives, 6% of the adult male population. In the Second World War, 384,000 British soldiers were killed, as well as 70,000 civilians.
Branch Chaplain Canon John Wilkinson unfortunately could not attend, but Padre Nia Williams from SHAPE’s European Joint Support Unit, kindly deputised.
The Military Wives Choir Belgium, conducted by Nigel Ward, sang beautifully in what was their first live appearance since the start of the Covid pandemic.

The Military Wives Choir in fine voice, conducted by Nigel Ward

Branch Secretary Andrée Ferrant read the 67th Psalm, a fitting call for “salvation among all nations” at a time when tensions are once again on the rise. Dennis Abbott, branch historian, paid tribute to two heroes buried in the cemetery, Flight Sergeant George Thompson VC and Brussels-born Major Robert Mélot MC, who served with the British Special Air Service. Vice-Chair Jean-Pierre Pede read the names of fallen including men from the Royal Army Service Corps, in which his late father-in-law, Harry Moffatt, served.
Didier Nollet, wearing a traditional bowler, paid tribute to branch member François-Marie Jacobs, who passed away on 9 April 2021, aged 95. François-Marie served with the 5th (Belgian) Special Air Service. Didier’s moving words, delivered in English, French and Dutch, were received with spontaneous applause. Eight-year-old Oscar gave a wonderfully confident reading of Major John McCrae’s First World War poem In Flanders Fields, also receiving a well-deserved round of applause.

 
Didier Nollet delivers a multilingual tribute to François-Marie Jacobs

Following the Exhortation, read by Zoe, wreaths were laid by Ambassador Shearman and Defence Attaché Group Captain Justin Fowler, by Mireille Picron and Patrice Lotiquet for the branch, as well as by Nadine Clarisse for CEAC-ECOS (Confédération Européenne des Anciens Combattants) and Tibor Albert, Vice-President Western Europe of the United Nations Peacekeepers’ Association (Association Internationale des Soldats de la Paix).


Mireille Picron and Patrice Lotiquet laid the wreath on behalf of the branch

Denise More-Thys 

Denise More-Thys, one of the branch’s longest serving members, passed away in Brussels on 26 June 2021. She was 92. Denise was the widow of Harry More MBE, former Chairman, Vice-President and President of the branch, who died in 2015. She leaves a daughter, Evelyn, and son Anthony, five grandchildren and six great-grandchildren.
Vice-Chair Jean-Pierre Pede wrote in tribute: “Harry and Denise joined the Brussels branch in 1960. Both were active members of the Committee. We will remember Denise as a very elegant lady, always smiling; a very positive and warm person, and always one of the first to offer to help. She was friends with all and always had a good word for people. Denise was the eternal optimist, even towards the end of her illness she did not let it get her down and expressed the positive hope that things would get better.”

Harry and Denise More

Townsend medals sold

Eleven medals and flying logbooks belonging to former branch Honorary Vice-President Group Captain Peter Townsend fetched £260,000 (€300,000) at a London auction on 21 July 2021. The decorations included the Battle of Britain ace’s Distinguished Service Order (DSO), Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) and Royal Victorian Order (CVO). Townsend originally decided to sell the collection and donate the proceeds to a charitable fund for vulnerable children in November 1988. They were “lying around in a bag at the bottom of a drawer ... I thought it would be sensible to put them to use”, he recalled. The medals were bought for $35,200 then re-sold in 2004 for £62,000 before going under the hammer for a third time at specialist auctioneers Dix Noonan Webb. The purchaser was a private collector.


Townsend's medals and flying logbook. Image: ©Dix Noonan Webb

Tributes to Eric

Eric Johnson BEM, the branch’s Standard Bearer for a remarkable 56 years, passed away on 10 August 2021. He was 96. Tributes poured in for the Normandy veteran, who was one of the last links between the wartime generation and today’s membership.
Branch Chair Zoe White paid tribute to Eric’s “selfless commitment and incredible service to both the RBL and his country”, adding: “My thoughts go to all his close friends and family during this tough time.”
Branch Vice-Chair Jean-Pierre Pede, a long-time friend of the Johnson family, said: “Eric was an incredible man, always ready to help, always singing wartime songs.  But woe betide anyone touching his Standard! On parade, he was always immaculate in black waxed, highly polished shoes and white gloves – never yellowed ones. He knew and executed every detail of the Standard Bearer drill to perfection. Eric is a man you could never forget. He will always stay in my memories. He was the perfect example of a young man who proudly served his country and, later, the Royal British Legion. At the start of our meetings, he would raise a glass to the Queen. At the Poppy Ball, the British Ambassador or RBL President of the time would count on him to choose the decorations and music to entertain the members. He also very much liked to cite Winston Churchill during get-togethers with friends.”
Former President Brigadier Andrew Fisher echoed Jean-Pierre’s sentiments: “Eric was one of those individuals that one doesn’t easily forget. He bore the Legion’s Standard with great dignity and pride on many occasions and was an active and significant contributor to our branch’s work.”


Eric in his final year, aged 96, and at Evere in 2012

For Ed Read Cutting, former branch Chair, Eric was “one of a kind who will be much missed”.
The Reverend Ann Babb, former branch Chaplain, summed him up as “a gentleman and hero”.
Several tributes highlighted Eric’s sense of fun and love of singing: “One of our first memories of him was when we went to Hotton and Eric got a coach full of veterans and wives singing songs from WWII. He was unique – they threw away the mould when Eric was born,” said Colin Puplett, former Vice-Chair, and his wife Brenda, former Welfare Committee Secretary.
For George Bowring, son of the late Ken Bowring, Eric was “a jolly good fellow”.
Michael Whitburn, ex-newsletter coordinator and son of former branch Chair Reg Whitburn, added: “Eric was a thoroughly sociable and outgoing person, who loved a sing-along and never missed an opportunity to share his enthusiasm for Vera Lynn’s hits.”
Former website coordinator Greg Ruthven added: “I was sorry to read that Eric has passed away. He was the one who got me to join the branch. It was when I stood in for the Ambassador, laying a wreath at Evere, the first year we moved to Brussels. He saw my RAF tie and asked if I was also in the military. When I said we had just moved over and yes I was, he took his Poppy pin off his jacket and put it on mine and said ‘There you are you'll have to join us now’. It was an honour to have met Eric.”
In addition to his wartime decorations, Eric was awarded the Legion’s Gold Badge in January 1982 and the British Empire Medal (BEM) in Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s 1990 Honours List for his services to the RBL and British Embassy in Belgium, where he served as a driver for nearly 23 years. He was awarded life membership of the Legion in July 1997, the Voluntary Service Medal in November 2008, and the RBL Centenary Medal in March 2021.
Eric lost his beloved wife Monette in May 2013. He leaves a daughter, Kathleen, a member of the Brussels branch, son-in-law Robert Vanderbiest, grandson Stephane and two great-granddaughters, Chloe and Clara.
In a heartfelt eulogy at the funeral, Kathleen said family and friends were “everything” to her dad. “Despite your health problems, you could laugh, sing and joke, as always. You are now relieved. The time has come to join Mam. She has been waiting for you for many years. So too are your good friends Harry, Marieka, Harry, Jacky, Renee, Rene and all your friends of the RBL Brussels branch. Enjoy yourselves up there – but keep an eye on us all!”
Kathleen also paid special thanks to Ethel, daughter of Eric’s close friend Harry Moffatt and wife of branch Vice-Chairman Jean-Pierre Pede, for helping her in caring, phoning and visiting Eric over the years.
The service, held at Zemst on 18 August, was conducted by branch Chaplain the Reverend Canon John Wilkinson. 
Chair Zoe White and a large representation from the branch committee, as well as other friends, were present. 
Rest in peace Eric, we will remember you.

77th anniversary

The branch was well represented at the commemoration marking the 77th anniversary of the Liberation of Brussels on 3 September 2021. Wreaths were laid at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier by Martin Shearman, the British Ambassador to Belgium, representatives of the city of Brussels, Dennis Abbott on behalf of the Brussels branch of the RBL, as well as Nadine Clarisse for CEAC-ECOS (Confédération Européenne des Anciens Combattants) and Tibor Albert, Vice-President Western Europe of the United Nations Peacekeepers’ Association (Association Internationale des Soldats de la Paix). The British Torch of Remembrance was represented by its President, Chris Russell.

Brigade Piron commemoration

The branch was strongly represented at the annual Brigade Piron commemoration held on 6 September 2021 in the presence of a large gathering including nearly 100 children at the national monument in the Parc de Muses, Molenbeek-Saint-Jean. A Belgian unit in the British Army led by Major (later General) Jean-Baptiste Piron, the Brigade liberated a swathe of Normandy coastal towns including Cabourg, Deauville and Honfleur following the D-Day landings in 1944. Dr Catherine Moureaux, bourgmestre of Molenbeek, opened the ceremony and welcomed the guests who included 96-year-old Brigade Piron veteran Count Henri d’Oultremont, a member of the Brussels branch, and Hélène Farnaud-Defromont, French Ambassador to Belgium. Count d’Oultremont’s moving oration was followed by the British Legion Exhortation and Kohima Epitaph read by branch Chair Zoe White.
Jack Van Sprang laid a wreath on behalf of the branch, which was also represented by its Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux and members of the committee. Henri d’Oultremont and André Liégeois laid flowers on behalf of the Brigade Piron, of whom around 25 wartime veterans are still living according to Henri.
Other VIP guests at the ceremony included British Defence Attaché Group Captain Justin Fowler and his French counterpart, Colonel Hubert Stahl.

Battlefield Tour – Ypres


The tour takes in Tyne Cot Commonwealth War Grave Cemetery

Some 30 members and supporters of the branch took part in a very successful fund-raising battlefield tour to Ypres on 11 September 2021. Organised by committee member Steve Grant with local guide Christophe Deconinck, the tour took in sites in and around the Flemish town which was the scene of some of the heaviest fighting during the First World War. The visit started and ended at the iconic Menin Gate, the memorial to nearly 55,000 Commonwealth soldiers whose bodies were never found or identified. The next stop was Essex Farm Cemetery, the last resting place of 1,200 servicemen including 15-year-old Joe Strudwick and Thomas Barratt VC.  The site was an advanced dressing station where Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae of the Canadian Army Medical Corps wrote the poem In Flanders Fields in May 1915 in tribute to his friend Lieutenant Alexis Helmer. The group also visited the German cemetery at Langemarck, where more than 44,000 are buried, Tyne Cot, the largest Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery where 12,000 lie, and Hill 60, a strategic site overlooking Ypres where mines in tunnels were detonated in June 1917 under German positions, resulting in thousands of casualties and leaving deep craters which are still clearly visible.


Christophe Deconinck talking us through Hill 60

The visit ended with the famous Last Post ceremony at the Menin Gate. Chair Zoe White laid a wreath on behalf of the branch, together with member Jean-François Husson and Jane Sidebottom, chief of staff to Ambassador Lindsay Croisdale-Appleby, head of the UK Mission to the European Union. The tour raised €320 for the Legion.


Honoured to lay a wreath at the Last Post Ceremony, Menin Gate.
From left, Jean-François Husson, Zoe White, Jane Sidebottom

Sir Anthony Seldon & the Western Front Way

Renowned historian Sir Anthony Seldon was greeted by a party including British Ambassador Martin Shearman and RBL members on the final day of his 1,000 km trek along the Western Front Way. Seldon arrived in Nieuwpoort on 15 September 2021, 35 days after setting out from Pfetterhouse in northeast France.
The route was inspired by Alexander Gillespie, a 2nd Lieutenant in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders during the First World War. In a letter to Montagu Rendall, his old headmaster at Winchester College, he wrote: “I wish that when the peace comes, our government might combine with the French Government to make one long avenue between the lines from the Vosges to the sea. I would like to send every man, woman and child in Western Europe on pilgrimage along that Via Sacra, so that they might think and learn what war means from the silent witnesses on either side.”
Seldon discovered the letter while researching a book. Moved by the young officer’s words, he set out to make his dream a reality by walking the old line of the trenches from the Swiss frontier to the Belgian coast.
“I just thought ‘let’s go for it’, let’s get young people from every country, in Europe and beyond, to walk or cycle the path. Let’s do it for international cooperation, friendship and peace,” declared Seldon. “I hope the path will one day be as popular as the walk to Santiago de Compostela,” he added.


Above: 2Lt Alexander Gillespie, who inspired the walk on the 'Via Sacra'. Ambassador Shearman,
the Defence Attaché, RBL representatives and dignitaries greet Sir Anthony in Nieuwpoort

Three months after sending the letter, Alexander Gillespie was killed while leading a charge during the first day of the Battle of Loos on 25 September 1915. His younger brother, Lieutenant Thomas Gillespie also died in action at the Battle of La Bassée on 18 October 1914. Both have no known grave.
The town of Nieuwpoort hosted an official lunch to mark its support for the Western Front Way and 68-year-old Seldon's achievement. The RBL was represented by Patrick Beurms, Chair of Ypres branch, and Dennis Abbott, Brussels branch historian. In addition to the Ambassador, also present were: Group Captain Justin Fowler, British Defence Attaché, Geert Bekaert, Area Director Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Frans Lefevre, Alderman, Walter Lelièvre, Town Archivist, Eric Verdonck, Head of Reception and Protocol, Michelle Martens, Head of Tourism, Evelien Legein, Administrative Communication Specialist, Nieuwpoort, and Manon Stoffen, Communications Officer, British Embassy.
The Ambassador and Defence Attaché accompanied Seldon on the final leg of his epic journey. The Path of Peace, Seldon’s account of walking the Western Front Way, was published on 3 November 2022.


Sir Anthony and Dennis sign the livre d'or. Right, the historian's account of his walk. Images: Evelien Legein and Atlantic Books

Ode à la Résistance

Secretary Andrée Ferrant represented the branch at the unveiling of a new memorial at Fort Breendonk, the infamous former SS camp at Willebroek, on 26 September 2021. Ode à la Résistance, created by Belgian artist Tom Frantzen, is in the form of a large boot, symbolizing oppression and crushing figures depicting women, children, resistance fighters and a man releasing a dove.


Andrée Ferrant and the new memorial at Fort Breendonk

The ceremony was addressed by Ludivine Dedonder, Belgium’s Minister of Defence, Edmond Eycken, President of the National Confederation of Political Prisoners and their Heirs (Confédération nationale des prisonniers politiques et ayants-droit - CNPPA, De Nationale Confederatie Politiek Gevangenen en Rechthebbenden - NCPGR), and Koen Palinckx, Chairman of the War Heritage Institute.
Andrée said: “I spoke with a few young and less young people during the reception, intrigued by the poppy I wore.”

The Belgians Remember Them

The branch was well represented at a ceremony in Rebecq on 29 September 2021, commemorating aircrew who fell on Belgian soil during the Second World War and the Belgian Resistance who helped survivors escape. Organised by archivist Wilfred Burie and The Belgians Remember Them association, the event was attended by a large number of VIPs, local people and schoolchildren.
Mr Burie recalled the history of Rebecq’s memorial, erected in memory of the crew of an RAF 550 Squadron Lancaster, shot down on 28 May 1944. Sgt Eli Molnar, from Ontario in Canada, was the sole survivor. He was rescued, given civilian clothes and hidden until the liberation. The local Gestapo later arrested 22 villagers. Fifteen were held in Saint-Gilles prison in Brussels and released at the liberation. The remaining seven were taken to Breendonk and deported to concentration camps. Louis Deneyer, Giovanni and Giuseppe Vecchiato never returned.
The branch was represented at the ceremony by Secretary Andrée Ferrant, who laid a wreath, Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux, Jack van Sprang, and Dennis Abbott, who joined Mr Burie in a joint reading of his poignant poem Elégie aux Héros du Silence.


Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux and Andrée Ferrant at Rebecq memorial

Both Mr Burie and André Flahaut, Belgium’s former Minister of Defence, spoke during the ceremony of their concern about far-right denial and revisionism, drawing attention to a controversial “Latvian Beehive” monument, erected in 2018 at Zedelgem in tribute to 12,000 Latvian Waffen-SS troops who were PoWs in West Flanders in 1945-46.
VIPs present included the Ambassadors of Canada (Alain Gendron), New Zealand (Diana Reaich), South Africa (Tokozile Xasa), Netherlands (Pieter Jan Kleiweg de Zwaan), Czech Republic (Pavel Klucký), Norway (Per Strand Sjaastad), the Acting Ambassador of  Ireland (Eddie Brannigan), and Polish Consul (Kacper Szyndlarewiczl), as well as the Defence Attachés for the UK (Group Captain Justin Fowler), the US (Colonel Edward J. Dupont), France (Colonel Hubert Stahl), Australia (Wing Commander Jesse Laroche), Canada (Lieutenant-Colonel Marie-Claude Osmond), South Africa (Colonel Andrew Mafofololo), Russia (Colonel Igor Kolodin), Netherlands (Capitaine de Frégate Patrick Bekken and Colonel Talitha Born), and New Zealand (Colonel Ryan Mckinstry). Belgium was represented by Colonel Philippe Goffin, Commander of Florennes Air base, 2nd Tactical Wing, Colonel Jean-Didier Vande Zande, Commander 1 Wing, Colonel Olivier De Groote, Military Commander of Brabant Wallon, and Lieutenant-Colonel Philippe Ramaekers, former commander, 4 Engineer Battalion. Patricia Venturelli, Mayor, and André Deschamps, Alderman, represented the municipality of Rebecq.

Battlefield Tour – Yser

The Battle of the Yser (16-31 October 1914) was the focus of the branch’s second autumn battlefield tour, aimed at raising awareness of the 100th anniversary of the RBL and the branch’s 2022 centenary. Organised by committee member Steve Grant with Flanders guide Christophe Deconinck, the visit took in sites linked to the Belgian Army’s heroic resistance against enemy forces at the tip of the Western Front. Despite being outnumbered, the Belgians stopped the German advance by opening sluice gates which flooded a large area, making it impassable for the enemy.
The tour began at the Yser Towers and Peace Gate at Duiksmuide, built to commemorate Flemish soldiers killed in the battle. The towers bear the letters AVV-VVK, which stand for Alles Voor Vlaanderen, Vlaanderen Voor Kristus, or All for Flanders, Flanders for Christ.
The first tower, completed in 1930, became a site of pilgrimage for the radical Flemish Movement, some of whose members were accused of collaboration during the Second World War. It was blown up in March 1946. No-one was caught. A second and bigger 84-metre tower was built near the ruins of the first and opened in 1965.

An excellent viewing platform and map at the Trench of Death museum

The visit continued to the Trench of Death (Dodengang) and museum, on the banks of the Yser Canal. The Belgians sustained hundreds of losses holding the position against the enemy, who were dug in both sides of the waterway.


Christophe explaining 'the Mousetrap' at the end of the Belgian trench

After a brief stop at the Peace Mill, the tour continued to the Vladslo German Cemetery, which contains 25,644 dead and the famous statues of The Grieving Parents by Käthe Kollwitz, created in memory of her youngest son, Peter, whose remains lie just in front of the figures. At the Belgian Military Cemetery in Houthulst, Christophe Deconinck highlighted the graves of Hector Brel, related to famed Belgian singer Jacques Brel, and two footballer brothers, Adjutant Ignace Evrard, 22, and Lieutenant Joseph Evrard, 24, who played for Cercle Brugge. Both were killed on 28 September 1918 and are said to have died in each other’s arms. The cemetery is also the last resting place of a large number of Italian PoWs and Sous-Lieutenant Roger d’Udekem d’Acoz, related to Belgium’s Queen Mathilde. The tour, greatly enjoyed by around 30 enthusiastic members and supporters despite the wet conditions, ended at the ‘De Ganzepoot’ (goose foot) sluice complex and King Albert monument in Nieuwpoort. In total, the tour raised €320 for the Legion.   

  

The Grieving Parents at Vladslo German Cemetery

Ann, Dave and The Queen

Centenary Award winner Ann Morley and Dave Lees represented the branch at a service at Westminster Abbey on 12 October 2021 to mark the 100th anniversary of the RBL. Her Majesty the Queen, the Legion’s patron, accompanied by the Princess Royal, attended the ceremony. Lieutenant General James Bashall, the Legion’s national president, spoke of the charity’s commitment to its work in an Act of Rededication. Readings were given by General Sir Nick Carter, Chief of the Defence Staff, and Colour Sergeant Johnson Beharry VC. The service was conducted by the Dean of Westminster, the Very Reverend Dr David Hoyle, who thanked “the tireless, dedicated, and distinguished work of all those who have lived out the Legion’s motto of Service not Self”.

The Road to Dunkirk

A new exhibition displaying uniforms, weapons and artefacts linked to Dunkirk opened at the Musée Wellington in Waterloo on 15 October 2021. Organised by the Redcoats Society with the support of the Brussels branch of the Legion, the exhibition told the story of Operation Dynamo and the miraculous rescue of nearly 340,000 encircled allied troops by Navy destroyers and a flotilla of civilian fishing boats and yachts. Alain Brogniez, a branch committee member and avid collector of British uniforms and insignia, had a key role in organising the exhibition. Four of the uniforms on display were from his extensive collection. Branch Chair Zoe White, Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux, David Bizley and Dennis Abbott were present at a preview before the public opening. Zoe read the Exhortation and Kohima Epitaph after welcome speeches by Bernadette Raeymaekers, Waterloo échevine and President of Les Amis du Musée Wellington, and Roland Denis, President of the Redcoats Society, a group dedicated to the study of British military history. Piper Alain Breysem performed The Heroes of St Valery, a lament composed by Donald MacLean, a veteran of the 51st Highland Division, who were left behind to defend St-Valery-en-Caux, while buying time for the evacuation of their comrades at Dunkirk.
One of the exhibition’s undoubted highlights was a display of the uniforms and medals of Major General Albert Guérisse GC KBE DSO, the only Belgian to receive Britain’s George Cross for gallantry. Guérisse, a military doctor, was rescued from Dunkirk and a photo showed him on the beach. He was later commissioned into the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR) under the name of Patrick Albert O’Leary, supporting undercover operations by the Special Operations Executive (SOE). He was captured during a mission on the French Mediterranean coast but got away and ran an escape network for PoWs. Betrayed, he was tortured by the Gestapo and held in concentration camps including Mauthausen and Dachau. After the war, he rejoined the Belgian Army and served in Korea. He died, in Waterloo, in 1989. His son, Patrick, who was present at the preview, loaned his uniforms and medals for the exhibition. 

Modernising commemoration

Zoe White, Jean-Pierre Pede and Andrée Ferrant represented the branch at a reception hosted by British Ambassador Martin Shearman and UK Defence Attaché Group Captain Justin Fowler at the British Residence in Rue Ducale on 10 November 2021. Entitled “The Belgo-British Defence Relationship; Remembering the Past, Looking to the Future”, the event gathered military representatives from Belgium, the UK and other NATO allies, with volunteers from groups dedicated to organising commemorations and promoting defence ties between the two countries.
After a welcome by the Ambassador, Group Captain Fowler explained how remembrance had been kept alive during the challenging Covid period, the commemorations he attended, and the people he and the Ambassador had met. Both were actively looking to the future of how best to remember the past, he said.
Vice Admiral Wim Robberecht, Chief of the Belgian Military Intelligence Service, spoke about the historic connections between the Belgian and British armed forces, and highlighted growing cooperation between the two countries.
Rory Forsyth, CEO of the Western Front Way, a 1000km route for walkers and cyclists from the Swiss frontier to the Belgian coast, also discussed the theme of modernising commemoration to ensure it flourishes.
“It was a lovely evening with a majority of the military representatives present but also friends of the branch such as Wilfred Burie,” said Andrée. (Wilfred heads The Belgians Remember Them association, which commemorates RAF aircrew and the Belgian Resistance which helped allied servicemen escape capture during the Second World War).

Remembrance Sunday 2021

After an enforced break in 2020 due to Covid, the branch held its traditional Remembrance Sunday service at the CWGC Heverlee Cemetery on 14 November 2021. The commemoration, led by the Reverend Canon John Wilkinson and Chair Zoe White, was attended by around 250 people, including the British Ambassador to Belgium, senior military representatives, the Military Wives’ Choir Belgium and a strong turnout of scouts and guides.
In what is always a poignant occasion, Vice-Chairman Jean-Pierre Pede read out the names of branch members and friends who sadly left us in 2020-21: Ivan Brogniez, Octavie Bove-Liebert, Commandant Fernand Delcourt, François-Marie Jacobs, Eric Johnson BEM, Denise More-Thys, Victor Emmanuel Rasquin, Lieutenant Colonel François Roberti-Lintermans, and Claire Whitfield-Stroobant.
Kathleen Johnson read a moving tribute to her father Eric, who joined the Army aged 19 and later served as Brussels branch Standard Bearer for 56 years, “carrying the flag with pride and commitment”.
Speaking in English, French and Flemish, Kathleen recalled her childhood memories of her dad preparing, decorating and coordinating the Annual Poppy Dance, first at the Rue de la Pompe and later at the Hotel Metropole. “I could come with you in the afternoon, but not for the evening as I was too young. I had to stay with Bonne-Maman and was quite sad about it. I had to wait until I was 18. Ethel Moffatt was luckier. Being older, she could go dancing!
“Your family, your friends and the RBL were everything for you. Thank you for being you, we will never forget you. Lots of love and kisses. And keep the flag flying!”
David Tripp, Head of the Welsh Government Office in Belgium, delivered a tribute to Warrant Officer Albert Stanley “Tich” Palmer, one of 26 Welshmen who lie in the cemetery. Tich, from Cardiff, volunteered for RAF aircrew and completed 58 sorties with 97 Squadron and 635 Squadron. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal (DFM) in February 1944. He died, aged 24, when his Lancaster was shot down near Wavre on 20 April 1944.


Piper Alain Breysem and bugler Lt Col Richard Ovey

Ambassador Martin Shearman, with the opening reflection, branch member Anthony Rose, Jonah Awada, patrol leader 1st Waterloo (International) Scouts, and Emily Braggs, Ist Brussels Guides, also gave readings.
The Military Wives Choir, conducted by Nigel Ward, sang We Will Remember Them and Carry Me with their usual elan and bagpiper Alain Breysem played Flowers of the Forest, the traditional Scots’ lament, during the laying of the wreaths. Bugler Lieutenant Colonel Richard Ovey played The Last Post and Reveille. Branch Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux led the arrival and departure of the flag bearers with his customary precision.
Wreaths were laid by, among others, Lieutenant General E. John Deedrick, US Military Representative to NATO, Wing Commander Jesse Laroche, Australia’s Deputy Military Representative to NATO and Defence Attaché to Belgium, Commodore Craig Wood, UK Deputy Military Representative to NATO, Brigadier General Radoslaw Jeżewski, Deputy Director, European Union Military Committee, Lieutenant Colonel Tomasz Bodziacki, Polish Military Representation, Group Captain Justin Fowler and Stephen Hanson for the Royal Air Force Association (RAFA), Geert Bekaert, Area Director, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, and Alan Green on behalf of the Brussels branch.
The commemoration was, as ever, flawlessly organised by Phil Hyde, with support from Honorary Secretary Andrée Ferrant, Poppy Appeal Organiser/Photographer David Bizley, and committee members Steve Grant and Dennis Abbott.

Sheehan tribute

A short wreath-laying ceremony organised by the Irish in Europe Association, with support from the Brussels branch, also took place at Heverlee on 14 November 2021. The delegation, led by Councillor Deirdre O'Brien, Chair of Fermoy Municipal District, deputising for Councillor Gillian Coughlan, Mayor of the County of Cork, paid its respects at the grave of Flight Sgt Edward Fanahan Sheehan, an air bomber serving with 51 Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force, based at RAF Snaith in East Yorkshire.
Edward, 29, was killed when his Halifax bomber crashed at Moelingen during a mission against enemy-controlled rail yards at Montzen, close to the Belgian-German frontier, on 28 April 1944. The other victims, pilot Flight Sgt Patrick Keenan, 23, Sgt Leo Coughlan, 19, Sgt James Thomas, 19, Sgt Frank Brown, 22, and Sgt Edward Hastie, 19, are also buried at Heverlee.
Edward’s wife Mary was pregnant at the time of his death and gave birth to a son, Michael. 
Two of Edward’s younger brothers were also killed in the war: Harry Sheehan, 24, a Lancaster bomber wireless operator and gunner with 57 Squadron stationed at RAF Scampton, was shot down on 13 May 1943, and Frank Sheehan, 26, an air gunner with 460 Squadron (Royal Australian Air Force) based at RAF Binbrook, was shot down over Munich on 2 October 1943.
Edward’s older brothers, Thomas, who served in the Canadian Scottish Regiment, and Michael, who was at sea on HMCS Laurier, survived the war. The Sheehan family emigrated to Vancouver in Canada from Fermoy in the mid-1920s.
The visiting delegation at Heverlee included UN veteran and retired Irish army officer Commandant Leo Quinlan, the son of Colonel Patrick Quinlan, famed for his role in the 1961 Siege of Jadotville. He was accompanied by Niall Healy, Director of Services for Operations & Rural Development, Cork County Council, and Belgium-based Denis J. Buckley, International President of the Irish in Europe Association.
Colonel Quinlan was posthumously enrolled as Grand Marshal at the association’s annual Remembrance Saturday (13 November) at the deferred Saint Patrick’s Day Parade of the Nations & Regions ceremony at the hôtel de ville in Brussels, hosted by Mayor Philippe Close. The Fermoy Shamrock Bowl was presented to the city of Brussels in honour of the five Sheehan brothers.
According to The Irish Times, 12,000 servicemen from Irish families died fighting fascism in the Second World War. The worst losses sustained in a single family were the five Irish-American Sullivan brothers, from Waterloo, Iowa, who insisted on serving together and were all killed after USS Juneau was sunk by the Japanese on 13 November 1943.

Namur ceremony

Jean-François Husson represented the branch at a well-attended Remembrance Sunday ceremony at Namur’s Belgrade cemetery on 14 November 2021 with members of the Fédération Royale des Militaires à l’étranger (FRME – Section Namur et Environs) and Namur and British Military History association.
Thanking FRME President Eric Dumeunier for helping mobilise a “rapid reaction force” of standard bearers, veterans and supporters for the commemoration, Jean-François gave an address in which he highlighted the role of the RBL, Belgium’s strong historical links with Britain, and the importance of remembrance.
“Why do we hold Remembrance Sunday in Namur? I will give three reasons,” he said.
First, citing Baron Henri Bernard, Belgian Resistance hero, SOE agent and professor at the Ecole Royale Militaire, Jean-François reminded the gathering that England and, later the UK, had never attacked or occupied Belgium over the centuries.
Second, loved ones of those who did not return from operations abroad could take comfort in knowing that the people they were defending – and their descendants – had not forgotten their sacrifice.
Third, since the Battle of Gembloux in 1578 – when Scots and Englishmen fought alongside Belgians – to the two world wars, Namur and its region has had a long military association with its friends across the Channel.
Some 421 British and Empire servicemen who died in, or as a result of, the two world wars lie in Namur Province, 245 of them in Belgrade Cemetery. Young men such as 20-year-old Lance Corporal John Wylie of the Black Watch, who died the day before the 1918 Armistice, and 19-year-old Private Stanley Duffill of the Leicestershire Regiment, who succumbed two days after it. The youngest burial, Aircraftman 2nd Class J. Marshall, died aged 17 on 24 February 1919. Private Hugh Morris, 23, The King's (Liverpool Regiment), passed away on 16 October 1919, almost a year after the Armistice.
Jean-François laid a poppy wreath on the grave of Sister Elsie Mabel Gladstone, one of the only two British nurses buried on Belgian soil, who died in Namur on 24 January 1919 from Spanish flu while treating British, Allied and local patients. She was 32.
He also referred to the recent commemoration for members of the Belgian battalion who fought alongside the Gloucestershire Regiment at Battle of the Imjin River (22-25 April 1951) in the Korean War. The grave of Captain Jean Loquet, who died in 1952, was a reminder of a shared commitment under the UN’s colours.
“Their sacrifice will not be forgotten. We will remember them,” said Jean-François. 

The Postman From Nagasaki

A documentary featuring Isabelle Townsend, eldest daughter of former branch Vice-President Group Captain Peter Townsend and inspired by his book The Postman Of Nagasaki, was screened at the Hiroshima International Film Festival on 19 November 2021. The book told the story of Sumiteru Taniguchi, a 16-year-old postal worker who suffered terrible burns on his back and arms when the atom bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on 9 August 1945. Peter Townsend met Taniguchi, who devoted his life to campaigning for peace and nuclear disarmament, in 1982. Isabelle was planning to meet Taniguchi herself when he sadly passed away on 30 August 2017, aged 88. The documentary, entitled The Postman From Nagasaki and directed by Mika Kawase, features voice recordings made by Peter Townsend during his visit to Nagasaki. Isabelle also took part, via video link, in a performance entitled Together With Peter Townsend for Peace at the Hibiya Library in Tokyo on 22 November. The event, featuring musicians and actors, aimed, in Isabelle’s words, “to give life to my father’s words about peace”.

Gp Capt Fowler named President

Group Captain Justin Fowler

Group Captain Justin Fowler, the UK Defence Attaché to Belgium and Luxembourg, was appointed branch President at the annual general meeting on 26 November 2021.
Since joining the Royal Air Force in 1991, Justin has seen active service in Kosovo, Kuwait, Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as postings in Germany, Italy, the Falkland Islands and Australia. His roles have included implementing a major IT project, managing promotions, commanding appointments at all ranks and developing Armed Force welfare policy in the Ministry of Defence. He completed the Advanced Command and Staff Course in Australia in 2008, led the executive support team for the Chief of the Air Staff and worked for the Joint Counter Narcotics Centre.
He also led a ground-breaking project to introduce flexible working for the armed forces (pre-pandemic), delivering the Government mandate on time and under budget.
Justin grew up near Swindon and is married to Deborah. He is also President of the Belgian Branch of the Royal Air Forces Association.

David new Poppy Appeal Organiser

The annual general meeting, held online due to Covid precautions, was chaired by Zoe White and Honorary Secretary Andrée Ferrant.
David Bizley, whose appointment as Poppy Appeal Organiser was confirmed at the meeting, stated that this year’s appeal had to date raised nearly €8,200, with more funds still coming in. Nearly two thirds of the total came from collections at NATO (€3,000), Stonemanor (€1,700) and the two recent battlefield tours (over €600), with the reminder donated by supporters.
Vice-Chairman Jean-Pierre Pede reported that the branch had recruited seven new members, with another pending, while six memberships had lapsed and four members had sadly died. Membership currently stands at 82. The committee approved the accounts.
Steve Grant highlighted the success of the battlefield tours to Ypres and the Yser, as well as a busy calendar of events planned for 2022. Phil Hyde said commemorations in 2021 had received strong support, especially the Remembrance Sunday ceremony at Heverlee.
Alain Brogniez stated that the branch Facebook page was generating 600-700 views a week. Dennis Abbott reported on community support activity and progress on the online branch history.
The branch committee was constituted as follows:
President: Group Captain Justin Fowler, Chair: Zoe White, Vice-Chairman, Membership Secretary and Treasurer: Jean-Pierre Pede, Hon Secretary: Andrée Ferrant, Poppy Appeal Organiser: David Bizley, Facebook Coordinator: Alain Brogniez, News and Events Coordinator: Phil Hyde, Member, Battlefield Tours: Steve Grant, Community Support and Historian: Dennis Abbott, Standard Bearer: Freddy Roiseux, Member: Ann Morley, Chaplain and observer Member: Canon Reverend John Wilkinson.

Thank you, Jacques

Jacques Chaplier, who welcomed branch members to Hotton for nearly a decade during his term as Burgomaster, announced his decision to stand down after 33 years on the local political scene on 23 December 2021. We wish him well.

Vice-President Westmacott

Sir Peter Westmacott GCMG LVO, former British Ambassador to Turkey, France and the United States, and grandson of founder Brussels branch Chairman Captain (later Major) Horace Field Westmacott, was appointed Honorary Vice-President at the start of its 2022 centenary year. He was invited to take up the role by the committee and delighted to accept, said Chair Zoe White. 
Sir Peter served as Ambassador to the US from January 2012 until January 2016, during Barack Obama’s Presidency. He then spent a semester teaching at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. He was British Ambassador to France from 2007-2012 and to Turkey from 2002-2006.

Sir Peter Westmacott

Born in Edington, Somerset, in December 1950, Sir Peter was educated at Taunton School and New College Oxford, joining the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1972. His 43-year diplomatic career included four years in Iran before the revolution and a secondment to the European Commission in Brussels as a fonctionnaire en échange from 1978-80.
He was the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s Director Americas from 1997-2000 and Deputy Under Secretary of State for the Wider World from 2000-2001. From 1990-1993, he was Deputy Private Secretary to HRH The Prince of Wales.
He is an Independent Non-Executive at Ernst & Young, a Senior Advisor to Chatham House, a Distinguished Ambassadorial Fellow of the Atlantic Council, Chair of the International Advisory Board of Tikehau Capital, a Non-Executive Director of We.Soda Ltd, Volex Plc and Glasswall Holdings and an Advisory Director of Campbell Lutyens Ltd.
Sir Peter’s paternal grandfather Captain H.F. Westmacott and his Belgian-born wife Andrée Gavage were based in Brussels from 1921-34. Their son Ian Field Westmacott, Sir Peter’s father, continued in the family’s military tradition, serving in the Royal Navy for 21 years, including on the aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious during the Second World War. In 1942 he married Sir Peter’s mother Patricia Watney, a WREN. In 1960 he retired early from the Navy, went to theological college in Wells, Somerset, and began a new career as a vicar. Sir Peter’s father died in 2003 and his mother in 2019, aged 100.
Sir Peter’s first marriage, to Angela Lugg, was dissolved in 1999. He married Susie Nemazee in 2001. He has three grown-up children: Oliver, Laura, Rupert and a step-daughter, Safieh. 

Tenby Memorial Committee

To commemorate the creation of the Free Belgian Forces in Britain in May 1940 and address misleading information online about the subject, the site https://www.tenbymemorialcommittee.be/ was created in January 2022 at the initiative of Colonel Baron Christian Houtart. With support from the RBL, Belgian Foreign Minister Sophie Wilmès, and military associations including Friends of Brigade Piron, a Tenby Memorial Committee was set up to organise commemorative events with the town of Tenby, Belgian and British authorities.

First tour of centenary year

More than 20 members and supporters joined the first battlefield tour of the branch’s centenary year on 13 February 2022. The tour at the Wellington Museum in Waterloo combined a visit to the Road to Dunkirk Exhibition (details above), led by committee member Alain Brogniez and Olivier d’Olne, as well as an introduction to the Battle of Waterloo by committee member Dennis Abbott. Alain laid a poppy wreath beside an exhibit commemorating the 97 British troops massacred by Waffen-SS at Le Paradis and 80 British and French PoWs murdered in Wormhout. Only one man, Hauptsturmführer Fritz Knöchlein, held responsible for the first massacre, was convicted of war crimes. The tour, meticulously organised as ever by Steve Grant, raised nearly €100 for the Legion.

Leuven visit

Organised by committee member Steve Grant, 22 RBL members and supporters gathered at Leuven train station on 12 March 2022 for our second battlefield tour of the branch’s centenary year. For three hours, tour guide Christophe Deconinck took the group around the city, admiring its remarkable art and architecture, and sharing some of the myths and legends of this very special place. 

Our group outside 15th-century Saint Peter's church on the Leuven tour

The highlight of the tour was most probably the 15th-century Brabantine High Gothic Saint Peter’s church which has never been finished. Its unique relics and art include The Last Supper, a masterpiece by Belgian artist Dirk Bouts, painted between 1464 and 1468. It also contains the remains of Fiere Margriet (Proud Margaret), a legendary figure recorded as one of the original “seven wonders of Leuven”.
The group also visited Leuven University Library which was established only a few years after the founding of the university in 1425. It collected rare books and manuscripts over the centuries, only to lose them to France after the French Revolution. But worse was to come: the library was burned down twice during the two world wars in 1914 and 1940. The more adventurous of us also climbed the stairs of the bell tower to enjoy the unique view of the city. We ended this excellent tour in a local restaurant with a nice meal.

Saint Patrick’s Europe Day Parade

Above: Dennis, Oleksandra and Ciaran at the start of the parade.
Below: in the Grand Place. Images courtesy of
 Photoresk & Bert Sohl

Committee member Dennis Abbott had the privilege of carrying the United Nations’ Siege of Jadotville battle flag, alongside the colours of Ukraine and Ireland, at the head of the annual Saint Patrick’s Europe Day Parade for Peace in Brussels on 19 March 2022.
The procession, watched by hundreds of spectators and shoppers in bright sunshine, sent out a powerful message of support for Ukraine following the Russian invasion. Oleksandra Kobernik, a Ukrainian trainee with the European Parliament’s Committee on Foreign Affairs, proudly carried her country’s flag, with the Irish Tricolour borne by Ciaran O’Riordan.
Accompanied by the Brussels Caledonian Corneymusers Pipe Band and LJM Street Band, the parade wound its way from Halles Saint-Géry through the centre of Brussels to the 600-year-old hôtel de ville in the Grand Place, where the procession was greeted by Irish Ambassador to Belgium Kevin Conmy and Ambassador Vsevolod Chentsov, Head of the Mission of Ukraine to the EU.
The day’s events, organised by the Irish in Europe Association, began at the city’s Press Club with the investiture of Irish poet Terry McDonagh as 2022 Grand Marshal and the ceremonial handover of the Rathmullan Bō Staff.
Anastasiia Vezhnevets, second secretary at the Mission of Ukraine, gave an impassioned account of the situation in her country.
Readings were given by military author Frank Ledwidge, grand nephew of First World War poet Francis Ledwidge, Gareth Lawrence, reading verse by Welsh poet Hedd Wyn, Frank Schwalba-Hoth, former Green member of the European Parliament, and host Denis J. Buckley, International President of the Irish in Europe Association.
Hungarian violinist Dénes Dosztán played traditional Irish folk tunes with exquisite grace, while Lotte Van Humbeeck and Lynsey De Vos of Taradance performed Irish dances with Flemish verve. Dennis Abbott read Major John McCrae’s poignant lament, In Flanders Fields, with Audrey Brennan and Bert Sohl delivering the same verse in French and Flemish.
The UN flag carried by Dennis belonged to the late Patrick Quinlan, commander of the Irish UN troops at the 1961 Siege of Jadotville, who brought it back to Ireland from the Congo. His son Leo Quinlan, a successful artist who served in the Irish Army and with the EU, brought the flag specially to Brussels for the parade.
The Slane Shamrock Peace Bowl, glazed with a Flanders poppy, a blackbird in tribute to Ledwidge’s poem To One Dead, a yellow grain of wheat symbolising Ukraine, and a dash of orange referencing St Patrick’s Paschal Fire, was presented to the city. 
The Irish in Europe Association connected with the branch at last November’s Remembrance Day ceremony at Heverlee.
Nearly 80,000 servicemen from the Irish Republic served in British uniform during the Second World War, as well as more than 50,000 from the North. In the First World War, when the whole island was part of the UK, more than 200,000 Irishmen served in the British Army.

Air force anniversary

Steve Grant and Dennis Abbott represented the branch at a reception on 20 April 2022 to celebrate Belgo-British air force cooperation and the 80th anniversaries of 349 Squadron and 350 Squadron. Uniformed personnel from the Squadrons, accompanied by Belgian Air Component commander Major General Thierry Dupont, attended the event at the British Residence, hosted by Ambassador Martin Shearman and Defence Attaché Group Captain Justin Fowler. RAF A400M trainers based with 15th Air Transport Wing at Melsbroek airbase were also present.
Created as part of the Free Belgian Forces, 349 Squadron and 350 Squadron both took part in D-Day and operations in occupied Europe. After the war, they transferred to the Belgian Air Force but retained their original name. Now part of 10th Tactical Wing, they operate from Kleine Brogel. Joseph Moureau, the last Belgian pilot to fly in the original 349 Squadron on D-Day, died in October 2020 aged 99.

Bike to Berlin

The Royal British Legion National Cyclists Branch set off on their latest adventure on 29 April 2022, riding from London to Berlin. Led by REME veteran Paul Harding, the team planned a route taking in as many Legion branches as possible during their ten-day trip. After an overnight in Ypres on 1 May, the peloton set off for Leuven, via Ninove and Brussels. The initial plan for Brussels members to join the pack at Ninove and escort them to Parc du Cinquantenaire was amended following a route change in the morning. Chair Zoe White and David Bizley instead met the team with a tray of beers as they cycled into Leuven after a warm and long day in the saddle – the isotonic effect of a Stella being a key aid to their evening recovery plan. The following day the team were off to Mönchengladbach and made it to Berlin on 8 May – an amazing effort by all involved. 

Namur battlefield tour

Nearly 20 members and friends took part in the third battlefield tour of the centenary year in Namur on 7 May 2022. The visit, organised by Jean-François Husson and Steve Grant, began at the CWGC Belgrade cemetery. The 245 graves include those of 20-year-old Lance Corporal John Wylie of the Black Watch, who died the day before the 1918 Armistice, and 19-year-old Private Stanley Duffill of the Leicestershire Regiment, who succumbed two days after. Other notable burials include Captain James Ward, from Rugby, England, who served with 3rd Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery, decorated with the Military Cross and two Bars (see below), and Sister Elsie Mabel Gladstone, one of only two British nurses buried on Belgian soil.
A visit to the superb Belgian Commandos museum, led by Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Schepkens, at the 2nd Battalion barracks in Flawinne followed. The museum traces the unit’s story from its formation in Britain as 4th Troop No10 Inter-Allied Commando by Captain (later général-major) Georges Danloy KCVO MBE and its Second World War operations on the Gustav Line in Italy, Vis (Yugoslavia), Walcheren (Netherlands) and Germany. Packed with hundreds of exhibits including jeeps, a Goatley collapsible boat

From top: Anthony Rose, Philippe Bragard and Jean-François Husson,
sporting 'The Namurs' T-shirt, 
Goatley collapsible boat in Commandos
Museum, Fort de Saint Héribert, gallery in the Citadelle of Namur
Images: Charlie Wilson and Steve Grant

and huge array of weapons, the museum also covers the commandos’ numerous operations since the war in Korea, Africa, Kosovo and Afghanistan.
The group also visited Fort de Saint Héribert at Wépion, one of the nine forts erected to defend Namur in the late 19th century. Concealed in deep woodland, the fort was used in both world wars. Guided by Philippe Bragard, professor of history and architecture at UC Louvain, we learnt that, within years of its completion in 1888, the fort was already out-dated due to advances in weaponry. We also discovered another weakness: the troops’ lavatories were outside the perimeter. Not ideal during an attack!
The final part of the tour took us to the Citadelle of Namur with its magnificent views from the heights and breath-taking underground galleries. The Citadelle was successfully besieged in 1695 by William III, who awarded the battle honour “Namur 1695” to 14 British regiments including the Coldstream Guards and the Royal Irish Regiment.

Captain James Ward

Only brief details are available in the CWGC records at Namur about Captain James Ward MC DCM (see above). They state that he served in the 3rd Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery, and died on 23 February 1919, more than three months after the armistice, aged 33. His parents were William and Martha Ward of Manor House, Kilsby, England.
Clive Prothero-Brooks, Keeper of Collections at the Royal Canadian Artillery Museum at Camp Shilo in Manitoba, sent the branch Capt Ward’s full military records. They reveal that Northamptonshire-born Ward was a prospector before the outbreak of war (Canada witnessed a gold rush in the late 19th and early 20th centuries). He was five feet seven inches tall (1.7m), around the average height of a soldier in the First World War, with brown eyes and black hair streaked with grey.
He enlisted as a Bombardier with the 2nd Canadian Field Artillery in Valcartier, Quebec, on 26 September 1914, aged 27. A week later, he embarked for England with over 900 men on the SS Ivernia, a Cunard liner converted into a troop transport ship. After training on Salisbury Plain, the Canadian Expeditionary Force moved to France and was immediately thrown into the front line at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle and Second Battle of Ypres.
Ward was promoted to Sergeant in May 1915 and awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for delivering ammunition to trenches while under fire and despite having his horse shot from under him. He was demoted to Corporal at his own request in March 1916 but promoted to acting Lieutenant the following August, attached to the 1st Brigade’s trench mortar battery. In November 1917, he was appointed acting Captain. He was awarded the Military Cross in January 1918 for conspicuous gallantry after setting up his mortars in front of his own lines to destroy enemy machine-gun nests. He received a bar to his MC for conspicuous gallantry during operations near Cambrai in late September 1918. Wounded in his left wrist, he was admitted to 33 Casualty Clearing Station in the Pas-de-Calais, where he unfortunately caught Spanish flu. After becoming seriously ill he was transferred to 48 Casualty Clearing Station at Namur on 22 Feb 1919, a week after receiving a second bar to his MC. He died the following day, from bronco-pneumonia, a secondary bacterial infection that killed millions who perished in the flu pandemic.

Views from the commemoration at Hotton. From top: David Bizley
and Alain Brogniez. Canon John Wilkinson, Chloe Louter, British
Deputy Ambassador, Jean-Pierre Pede, Dennis Abbott and personnel
from the US 23rd Engineer Battalion. Images: Joël Delvaux

Teaming up with the US

A detachment from the US 23rd Engineer Battalion, visiting from Fort Lewis, Washington (Seattle), joined our annual commemoration at Hotton on 8 May 2022. Their battalion forbears held the bridge over the River Ourthe during the Battle of the Bulge from 21-24 December 1944. Lieutenant Colonel Chris Loschiavo, current US exchange officer to the Belgian Army whose home in the village was the wartime command post, tells the story in this video posted by the US Embassy in Brussels.
Andrée Ferrant, Jean-Pierre Pede and Chloe Louter, British Deputy Ambassador to Belgium, gave readings during the church ceremony, conducted by Père Herman Kusola and Reverend Canon John Wilkinson. Chair Zoe White laid a wreath on behalf of the branch. The commune delegation was led by bourgmestre Martine Schmit.
The commemoration continued at the CWGC cemetery, where the practical arrangements proceeded as smoothly as ever thanks to Phil Hyde and David Bizley. Zoe welcomed attendees who included a guard of honour from the 7ème Compagnie de Ravitaillement & Transport, 4ème Bataillon Logistique, based at Quartier Camp Roi Albert in Marche-en-Famenne. Chloe Louter, Dennis Abbott and representatives of the commune laid wreaths.
Following an enjoyable lunch, members gathered to pay their respects, together with La Roche-en-Ardenne bourgmestre Guy Gilloteaux, at the 51st (Highland) Division Memorial. Lisa Hyde, whose uncle Ron served in the 2nd Derbyshire Yeomanry, laid a wreath. The act of remembrance was followed by coffee at Le Chalet before the journey home.

European salute

Chair Zoe White and Honorary Secretary Andrée Ferrant represented the branch at a ceremony at the Colonne du Congrès to mark the 59th anniversary of the Confédération Européenne des Anciens Combattants et Militaires (CEAC) on 9 May 2022. The confederation, which has ten national sections and counts more than a million members, was set up in France to strengthen links between Allied combatants and former enemies.

Andrée and Zoe at the Colonne du Congrès

Centenary anniversary

Chair Zoe White sent members and supporters a special message on 17 May 2022 to mark the centenary of the branch’s creation: “Happy 100th birthday to the Royal British Legion Brussels Branch. The history of our branch is strong and the future is bright. We have a vibrant membership, a dedicated committee team, an exciting plan for the years to come and an incredibly deep connection with this wonderful country of Belgium, where we will continue to honour the sacrifice and service of those who came before us. We will remember them. 
“I invite you all to raise a glass to the branch this evening, a fine Belgian beer of course!"

Isières commemoration 

On 19 May 2022 the village of Isières remembered nine soldiers who died 82 years earlier, as part of the fighting withdrawal to Dunkirk. The event was organised by Patrice Lotiquet, a good friend of our branch, together with comrades from the Fraternelle de la Résistance d’Isières, Henri Boutriaux, Claude Flament and Aimé Delmée, in close collaboration with the Union Picarde Commando Parachutiste (UPCP).
A parade led from Place Georges Gabriel to the cemetery, where many people were gathered. UPCP President Jean Paul Saussez welcomed Colonel Guy Dobbelaere, representing Defence Minister Ludivine Dedonder, Mayor Bruno Lefebvre, aldermen and local councillors, the RBL delegation which included Zoe White, Andrée Ferrant, Mireille Picron and Freddy Roiseux, our Standard Bearer, as well as patriotic groups, the Harmonie de Meslin l’Evêque and local children, whom Jean Paul described as “the relay of the duty to remember for the future”.
The commemoration honoured the sacrifice of eight soldiers from D Company of the 4th Battalion Cheshire Regiment and one soldier from 1st Battalion Ox and Bucks Light Infantry. After an inspiring day researching the war diaries of The Cheshire Regiment, it was particularly poignant for Zoe and Andrée to drive to the commemoration following the route the soldiers took from Brussels to Waterloo, Halle, Enghien and, finally, Ath. Records show that D Company was ordered to take and hold a position on the Dendre river as part of Lord Gort’s withdrawal to Dunkirk. Unfortunately, D Company came under heavy fire and sustained severe casualties between 17-19 May 1940, including the nine men resting at Isières.
In the best French she could muster, Zoe explained the role of the Legion and the story of the nine soldiers to the (terrifyingly) large audience. After the speeches and laying of flowers, the ‘call to the dead’ was made by Mireille with a bell ringing after each name, followed by a minute’s silence, the Last Post and ringing of Aux Champs by two trumpeters from the Musique des Guides, ending with God Save The Queen and La Brabançonne. Formalities complete and no linguistic harm done to Belgo-Anglo relations, the parade repaired to a local bar where we were invited to join for refreshments, food and singing. Regrettably, we had to leave far too early as the rest of the party settled in for a night of comradely remembrance. Brussels branch look forward to continuing our relationship with Patrice and Isières for future commemorations and activities. 


 Ceremony beside the graves of the nine men laid to rest at Isières 

Ostend at Anchor

Branch members and the Military Wives Choir Belgium visited “Ostend at Anchor” on 23 May 2022. The visit was hosted by David Murr, Commodore of the Association of Dunkirk Little Ships (ADLS), which commemorates the crucial role played by civilian vessels during Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of Allied troops from France between 26 May and 3 June 1940.
Mick Gentry and Jane Percival provided a guided introduction and our group visited many of the vessels in the flotilla including Breda, Lady Lou, Mimosa and White Marlin. In all, around 12 Little Ships were present. The choir sang two sets of songs from the deck of Breda and Prunella (Thames Vintage Boat Club), to a very appreciative crowd enjoying the beautiful spring weather.
After the performances, all were invited back onboard Mimosa, at the kind invitation of her owner Bernie Rowe, where drinks and snacks were served. We were then invited on White Marlin, David Murr’s boat.
We also met members of Ypres branch which had a stall on the quayside. Some 150 ships of different types, from patrol boats to square riggers, gathered for the annual festival.
It was a great day out and an opportunity to learn more about the history of the Little Ships. We plan to make this an annual visit in future.

All aboard: Anthony Rose, Zoe White, Jack Van Sprang, Phil Hyde, 
Andrée Ferrant and Jane Percival getting into the Dunkirk Spirit


From top: In a Flanders field, at Sanctuary Wood CWGC cemetery,
Laura and Katherine cross the border, the 'dirty dozen' in Lille.
Images: Steve Grant and Dennis Abbott

Western Front hike

Steve Grant, Laura Houlgatte and Dennis Abbott joined diplomats from the UK Mission to the European Union and NATO military personnel on a two-day walk along the Western Front Way to coincide with Her Majesty the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee celebrations on 3-4 June 2022. After travelling by train from Brussels to Ostend and then to Nieuwpoort by tram, the near 20-strong group covered 38 kilometres to Ypres on the first day. Twelve walkers continued on the second day, following the line of the trenches around the Ypres Salient to Armentières in France, a distance of nearly 30km. The team paid their respects at the CWGC cemeteries at Menin Road South, where Captain Thomas Colyer-Fergusson VC of the Northamptonshire Regiment is among the burials, and Sanctuary Wood. A third day’s 18km hike was originally planned to Lille, but heavy rainfall persuaded the party to take the train instead and some took advantage of the earlier arrival to visit the rue Princesse house where French wartime leader Charles de Gaulle was born. The walk was brilliantly organised by Peter Boyle, Political Officer (Council) at UKMis, and his colleague Lucinda Armstrong, First Secretary. Lt Col Katherine Prudhoe, International Military Staff Gender Advisor, and Royal Navy Commander Lyndsey Netherwood represented NATO.


From top: Re-enactors depicting the Dutch-Belgian van Bylandt brigade,
Dennis making a point on the Lion Mound, the 28-tonne lion,
re-enactors with the Mound in the background. Images: Charlie Wilson and David Bizley

Waterloo tour

More than 20 members and supporters braved scorching temperatures to join the fourth battlefield tour of the centenary year at Waterloo on 18 June 2022 – the 207th anniversary of the epochal battle that changed the face of Europe.
Led and organised by committee members Dennis Abbott and Steve Grant, the tour began at the Mémorial with an introduction to the historical context to what would be the first and only meeting between the Duke of Wellington and Napoleon on the battlefield. Dennis described the key phases of the conflict: the assault on Hougoumont, the attack by the massed ranks of French infantry, the charge of the Household and Union brigades,  the French cavalry’s failed attempts to break the allied squares, the arrival of Blücher’s Prussians, the fall of the Haie Sainte and, with the outcome in the balance, the final defeat of Napoleon’s elite Imperial Guard.
The group visited the 110-year-old Panorama depicting Marshal Ney’s fruitless cavalry attacks and climbed the 226 steps of the Lion Mound, with its breath-taking view of the battlefield, before exploring the superb Mémorial museum.
After a convivial buffet lunch at the Brasserie Le Wellington, the group followed the chemin creux to Hougoumont farm, where hundreds of re-enactors were camped, helping to bring the story to life. Hougoumont was the scene of a day-long ‘battle within the battle’, fought between the British Guards and their allies against diehard French assaults led by Prince Jérôme Bonaparte.
Steve, who served in the Coldstream Guards, talked about the importance of the site to his regiment and of a memorable visit to the farm with former British Chancellor George Osborne, who unlocked government funding for the farm’s restoration ahead of the 2015 bicentenary.
At the end of the tour the group explored the farm at their own pace and had the opportunity to chat to fellow visitors, who included members of Waterloo Uncovered, the British charity and archaeology project which supports veterans and serving military personnel.


Peter and Tina on their wedding day, Peter wearing his campaign medals,
Peter with Joan. Images kindly provided by David Caggiari-Pallett

Farewell, Peter

Peter Pallett, a long-time member of the branch, passed away on 25 June 2022. He was 98. Born in West Bromwich, the second son of a milliner and printer, he enlisted as soon as the Second World War broke out, aged 17, though he claimed he was a year older. Peter trained for six weeks as a driver only to be sent to the infantry and never to see a steering wheel again. Peter served in the 5th Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment and saw action in Africa, Sicily and Italy. “He dodged U-boats in the Atlantic, walked across Africa, got up to shenanigans in Cairo, got lost behind enemy lines in Sicily, walked up the boot of Italy and fought at Monte Cassino,” says grandson David. Towards the end of the war, Peter was stationed at a PoW camp in Naples. It was there he met Tina, an Italian interpreter. They fell in love and married in Sorrento.
After the end of the war, the couple settled in Sutton Coldfield near Birmingham and had two daughters, Rosemary and Anne. Once a year they would drive to Naples to see Tina’s family. Life in post-war Britain was not easy but Peter had a strong work ethic. He started by washing cars at a well-known local Ford garage, Chambers of Sutton, and ended up as manager of the dealership. Cars and family were his great loves. When both his daughters married Italians, Peter and Tina moved to Taranto in the south of Italy to be close to them. They opened the London School of English in the coastal city in 1979, selling the business six years later. The school still exists today under its original name.
Peter and Tina moved back to Britain for a time and then to Belgium, where they settled. “They were wonderful, doting grandparents, renowned for being fun,” recalls David. Married for 57 years, Peter was distraught when Tina passed away in 2002. “After a long mourning period, he brushed himself off and unleashed himself on the Brussels  scene,” says David. In the last 20 years of his life, he made many friends and met his companion of 10 years, Joan Murray. “He was above all a warm and happy man, strong as an ox, full of great stories and a great sense of humour. He lived a long happy life and passed away peacefully. I am extremely proud to be his grandson,” adds his grandson.
In addition to daughters Rosemary and Anne, Peter leaves four grandchildren – David, Vivian, Velentina and Richard, and four great-grandchildren Elena, Isaac, Alice, Dylan and Leon.

Waterloo Uncovered

Veterans and serving military personnel from Waterloo Uncovered, the ground-breaking international archaeological charity which helps VSMP recover from combat trauma, laid a Legion poppy wreath at the Menin Gate in Ypres on 9 July 2022. The team were on a well-earned ‘day off’ during a fortnight of excavation work at Mont-Saint-Jean Farm and Plancenoit. They unearthed only the second skeleton ever found on the battlefield of Waterloo, as well as hundreds of artefacts ranging from musket balls to buttons bearing regimental insignia. Brussels branch member Dennis Abbott was among volunteers supporting the dig team, which included well-known UK archaeologists Phil Harding and Tony Pollard, as well as History Hit’s James Rogers, who made a film about the finds. British Ambassador to Belgium Martin Shearman, Defence Attaché Group Captain John Dickson and best-selling novelist Ken Follett were among VIPs visiting the site.


Skeleton discovered at Mont-Saint-Jean farm and Dennis with the first of three musket
balls he found with Danish metal detectorist Hans Marxen at Plancenoit
Images: Chris van Houts and Hans Marxen, Waterloo Uncovered

Last of the Woodpeckers

Captain David Cable, who served with the RAF’s 136 Squadron in the Far East during the Second World War, passed away on 3 August 2022. He was 98.
David was brought up in Iraq, the son of a British engineer and an Iraqi mother. He joined the RAF in 1941, at the age of 17, after claiming he was older.
In April 1945, 136 Squadron moved from their base at Minneriya in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) to provide support for bombers stationed on the remote Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean, from where the RAF planned to launch attacks against Japanese-held targets in South-East Asia. Fourteen Spitfires were shipped in crates to the islands and assembled on site in less than 24 hours.
David’s squadron were affectionately known as “Woodpeckers” after their original call-sign and insignia. He was the last surviving “Woodpecker”. In 2015, accompanied by son Michael and daughter Natalie, David attended the 70th anniversary VJ (Victory over Japan) Day celebrations in London, where he was introduced to Prince (now King) Charles. During a lengthy chat, David was delighted to discover that the Prince knew about the Cocos Islands operation.
After the war, David became a test pilot and joined BEA (British European Airways) before transferring to Sabena in 1952. He served for more than 30 years with the Belgian airline on its Africa and then America and Far East routes.
It was at Sabena that he met his Belgian wife-to-be, Liliane, an air stewardess, and settled in the country to raise a family. After retiring from Sabena, David set up his own air cargo company, BIAC, and later worked as an aviation consultant.
David, who lived in Woluwe Saint-Pierre, lost his wife Liliane five years ago. He is survived by his children – Michael, 64, Leslie-Anne, 62, Isabelle, 58, and Natalie, 56 – as well as seven grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. Film director John Danvoye, one of his nephews, shot several hours of interviews with David about his wartime experiences.


From top: David - sat on the propeller - with his squadron, Woodpeckers ready
for inspection with David third from right, with best friend Paddy Clifford before
leaving for the Cocos Islands, with Sabena pilots (David far right), with wife Liliane,
in the cockpit, portrait,
with daughter Natalie in Whitehall on the 70th anniversary of VJ Day,
meeting King Charles, 136 Squadron's Woodpecker insignia. Images: Michael Cable

100 members in sight

On Friday 12 August, after a long, long wait, the branch finally held its first in-person committee meeting since the start of COVID. The team convened at Zoe White and David Bizley’s home for a discussion focused on planning for upcoming activities, in particular the Poppy Appeal, our branch 100th anniversary Tea Party and the  commemoration at Evere. Jean-Pierre Pede announced the joyful news that branch membership had leapt substantially, with our target of 100 members in 2022 well in sight. After a couple of hours of strenuous discussion and decision-taking, it was time to call a halt to proceedings and turn to the second agenda item: the BBQ. David’s efforts in the kitchen were much appreciated as the evening turned into a catch-up over food, wine and tales of the summer. We were delighted to be joined by new members Phillipa and Peter Chapman, as well as Andrée Ferrant, Lisa and Phil Hyde, Ann Morley and Dave Lees, Alain Brogniez, Steve Grant and Canon John Wilkinson.


Cheers! Every committee meeting should look like this

1,111km by 11/11

Branch member Rob Vaughan has set himself a target of cycling 1,111km by Armistice Day in aid of the RBL. Rob’s rides take him to different CWGC cemeteries all over Belgium and he commemorates a casualty in each, telling their story via his Just Giving fundraising page.
The Welsh retired civil engineer, who is often accompanied by wife Eleanor on the trips, set off for his first ride towards his target on 16 August 2022. Among the cemeteries Rob visited in August was Esquelmes, near the French border, where he sought out the grave of Private Thomas Costello of the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey), 1/5th Battalion. Thomas was killed in action, aged 18, during the withdrawal to Dunkirk on 21 May 1940.
Rob placed a poppy wreath with a card from Thomas’s sister (video), who had contacted the Legion asking if we could leave a message on her behalf. The card read: “My dear brother … on your 99th birthday I still remember you as 18 years, never to be forgotten. God rest your soul, your loving sister, Queenie xxx
Rob comes from a military background. His father, Lieutenant Islwyn Vaughan, was in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve during the Second World War. Initially serving on the Atlantic and Mediterranean convoys, he saw action at Dieppe, helped land the US 2nd Ranger Battalion at Pointe Du Hoc on D-Day, and took part in Operation Infatuate in Walcheren.  
Rob’s grandfather, Private Samuel Vaughan, served in the 9th Royal Welch Fusiliers during the First World War. At the Battle of Loos (25 September to 8 October 1915) he was wounded three times but survived.


From top: Rob on his bike, Lt Islwyn Vaughan, and poignant card
on Pte Costello's grave. Images: Rob Vaughan 

78th anniversary

Ninety-seven-year-old veteran and branch member Count Henri d’Oultremont, who enlisted in the Brigade Piron in 1944, proudly took his place in the parade marking the 78th anniversary of the Liberation of Brussels on 3 September 2022. Surrounded by re-enactors in the uniform of the iconic Free Belgian forces Second World War unit, Henri marched the full route from Place de la Liberté to the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior, then to the memorial to executed members of the Mouvement National Royaliste resistance group and, finally, the Hôtel de Ville, where Henri and the other participants enjoyed a well-earned drink and sandwiches.
The parade was accompanied by the Brussels Police band and historic military vehicles.
Chair Zoe White and Vice-Chair Jean-Pierre Pede led the branch delegation, which included Ann Morley, Ethel Pede-Moffatt, Brenda Puplett, Dennis Abbott, David Bizley, Alain Brogniez, David Lees, Rodolphe Lancksweert and Colin Puplett. Zoe read the exhortation and Kohima Epitaph at the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior, while Dennis laid a wreath at the memorial in the Hôtel de Ville.
Chloe Louter, British Deputy Ambassador to Belgium, British Defence Attaché Group Captain John Dickson and Chris Russell, former President of the British Torch of Remembrance, also took part in the parade. Geoffroy Coomans de Brachène, Brussels Capital Region Parliament MP and City of Brussels municipal councillor, thanked the branch for its support. The commemorations were expertly directed by Brussels Capital Military District Warrant Officer Denis Leponce.


Above: Count Henri d’Oultremont marches with Brigade Piron
re-enactors. Jeep with route followed by the Welsh Guards
on 3 September 1944. Images: Alain Draye and Dennis Abbott 

Brigade Piron commemoration

The annual Brigade Piron commemoration at the national monument in Parc de Muses, Molenbeek-Saint-Jean, took place on 5 September 2022 and was, as ever, well attended. Andrée Ferrant read the Exhortation and Kohima Epitaph, while Alain Brogniez laid a wreath. The branch was also represented by Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux, Piron Brigade veteran Count Henri d’Oultremont, Jack van Strang and Dennis Abbott.
Dr Catherine Moureaux, mayor of Molenbeek, opened the ceremony and welcomed the veterans, RBL members, schoolchildren and VIP guests who included British Ambassador Martin Shearman, the Permanent Representative of Luxembourg to NATO Stephan Müller, French Defence Attaché Colonel Hubert Stahl, Commander of Brussels Capital Military Region Lieutenant-colonel Christ Maseure, and former mayor Françoise Schepmans.


Top: Branch Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux, immaculate as ever.
On parade: Didier Dufrane (son of Pierre Dufrane), President of
the Fédération Royale Nationale des Amicales de la Brigade Piron,
with veterans Henri d'Oultremont (97), André Liegeois (97)
and Xavier Verzin (98), and Standard Bearer Patrick Robbens.
Below: Molenbeek Mayor Catherine Moureaux joins
Henri and
André
with local schoolchildren. Images: Ronny Michaux

Death of HM Queen Elizabeth II

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II passed away on 8 September 2022 at Balmoral Castle in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. She was 96. Her reign of 70 years and 214 days was the longest of any British monarch. At her death, the Queen was head of state in 15 countries and head of the Commonwealth, home to 2.5 billion people, from Canada to Australia. Only two days before she died, the Queen welcomed her 15th UK prime minister, surpassing the 14 who served under George III.
As a 19-year-old princess, she first attended the Legion’s Festival of Remembrance in 1945 and served as Patron of the charity from her accession to the throne on 6 February 1952 until the end of her life. As Queen, she attended the Festival of Remembrance on all but three occasions.
“Her Majesty has been an inspiration to us all, from her unwavering sense of duty to her devotion to a lifetime of service. Her enduring dedication to the Armed Forces will be deeply missed and never forgotten,” said RBL National Chairman Jason Coward, echoing the feelings of members worldwide.
Zoe White and members of the Brussels branch signed a book of condolence at the Ambassadorial Residence in Rue Ducale.


Her Majesty the Queen. Image: RBL/Darren Baker

Battlefield tour: Ypres

A year on from our previous battlefield tour to Ypres, more than 20 members and supporters took part in another successful visit to the area on 10 September 2022. Meticulously organised by Steve Grant and local guide Christophe Deconinck, the tour concentrated on sites which were not covered in the first trip. The itinerary included the Pool of Peace (Lone Tree Crater) at Spanbroekmoelen, the Peace Tower in Messines, the football memorial near the site of the Christmas Truce, the grave of George Llewelyn Davies, the ‘real Peter Pan’ who inspired J.M. Barrie’s book, and the Bayernwald Trenches, a restored section of the German line dating from 1916.
The Pool of Peace was created from the crater left by a huge explosion detonated under a German position on 7 June 1917. The 171st Tunnelling Company of the Royal Engineers blew up 90,000 pounds (40,000 kg) of explosives. The crater later filled with ground-water, creating what committee member Alain Brogniez described as “a very nice pond today”. In the 1920s, the site was purchased for Toc H, the Talbot House charity, by the philanthropist former Lord Mayor of London and Castrol Oil magnate Baron Wakefield of Hythe. It has been preserved as a memorial since.  
The Peace Tower in Messines commemorates the thousands of men from the island of Ireland who lost their lives in the First World War. The 34-metre high round tower was unveiled by Irish President Mary McAleese on 11 November 1998, in the presence of HM Queen Elizabeth II and King Albert II of the Belgians.
The battlefield tour ended with the Last Post Ceremony at the Menin Gate – “very impressive and poignant as always”, in the words of Alain.


From top: group at the Pool of Peace, the Bayernwald Trenches,
football memorial near the site of the Christmas Truce, interior
of the Menin Gate. Images: Charlie Wilson and Zoe White

Death of Roger Ellis

Branch members were saddened by news of the passing of Second World War veteran Roger Ellis on 13 September 2022, less than a week after celebrating his 104th birthday. Roger was 25 when he landed on Sword Beach in Normandy. He served in France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. He was a member of the RBL in the UK and of the Brussels branch for nearly 10 years after moving to Brussels. He received the Légion d’Honneur in October 2017. The funeral service took place on 16 September at Uccle crematorium. Roger leaves two sons and a daughter, Daniel, 76, Francis, 70, and Michelle, 59.

Royal memorial service

Despite heavy rain, branch members turned out in force for a thanksgiving and memorial service for Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II at the Pro-Cathedral of Holy Trinity Brussels on 17 September 2022. The live-streamed bilingual ceremony, largely led by branch chaplain the Reverend Canon John Wilkinson, celebrated the Queen’s devotion to duty, humanity, courage and life-long commitment to Christianity.
The Right Reverend Dr Robert Innes, Bishop of Gibraltar in Europe, gave a moving address, focusing on the Queen’s achievements and sense of humour – which he witnessed in person as an honorary royal chaplain.
Among branch members and friends present were Zoe White and David Bizley, Jean-Pierre Pede and Ethel Pede-Moffatt, Andrée Ferrant, Steve and Joanna Grant, Philippa and Peter Chapman, Mireille Picron, Jack van Strang, Dennis Abbott, Robert Vanderbiest and Kathleen Johnson, wearing the decorations awarded to her late father, former branch Standard Bearer Eric Johnson BEM.
The UK Embassy to Belgium was represented by Ambassador Martin Shearman and Deputy Ambassador Chloe Louter. Alain Gendron, the Canadian Ambassador, Symone Betton Nayo, Jamaican Ambassador, and Carol Robertson, the Consul General of Australia, also paid their respects.
The readings were given by the UK Ambassador and Grace West, a lay minister. Prayers were led by Rev Jean Bosco Turahirwa, Assistant Chaplain, Rev Eric Foggitt, Minister of the Church of Scotland in Brussels, Rev Canon Professor Dr Jack McDonald, Associate Chaplain and President of the Central Committee of the Anglican Church in Belgium, and Heather Roy, a lay minister.
The service ended with God Save The King and La Brabançonne.


Order of service from thanksgiving service

Funeral of HM Queen Elizabeth II

The state funeral for Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II took place at Westminster Abbey in London on 19 September 2022. National President Lieutenant General James Bashall CB CBE represented the RBL at the service and 72 Legion Standards, led by the National Standard Bearer, were lowered at the Cenotaph during the funeral procession.

Online payments welcome

Following prior discussion on the topic, Poppy Appeal Organiser David Bizley announced plans to order two online payment terminals. “I am confident they will be a very popular addition to payment options for our planned collection dates at Stonemanor, Leuven and Brussels and will add value to the appeal. We can also use them at other events and year after year. Payments will go straight into the branch account,” he told committee members via a WhatsApp message on 16 October 2022. The idea met with a unanimous thumbs up.

Bastogne tour

Bastogne, scene of the iconic siege during the Battle of the Bulge, was the setting for our final – and most popular – centenary year battlefield tour on 22 October 2022. Nearly 40 members and friends enjoyed a superb day in the Ardennes, which began with a visit to the 101st Airborne Museum, housed in a former officers’ mess in Avenue de la Gare, a stone’s throw from the town centre. Before entering the museum, our excellent guide, Johnny Bona, showed us a picture of Adolf Hitler, taken by his official photographer Heinrich Hoffmann outside an unchanged building a few doors away, where the Führer met General Gerd von Rundstedt on 17 May 1940 following the invasion of Belgium.
Commandant Bona explained Hitler’s motive for launching his December 1944 offensive (he aimed to seize Antwerp and force the allies into peace talks, allowing him to concentrate on the Eastern front) and the key moments of the winter siege. The guide spoke movingly of his meetings with US veterans, including Vincent Speranza of the 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment, who filled his helmet with beer from a bombed-out café to quench the thirst of a wounded comrade. Speranza, 97 at the time of writing, fought on to the end of the war. A German flag he ‘liberated’ in Berchtesgaden, near the Eagle’s Nest in the Bavarian Alps, hangs in one of the museum galleries.
After a convivial tartiflette lunch in Place McAuliffe, named after 101st Airborne commander General Anthony ‘Nuts’ McAuliffe, we were ready for the second part of our tour – exploring the main battlefield sites on board Second World War jeeps and trucks. Accompanied by guides Paul Van Deale, Lionel Colla and a team of local drivers, our route took in the Mardasson Memorial, the Wood of Peace, the Easy Company monument (erected with support from Band of Brothers’ producer Tom Hanks and HBO among others), the foxholes at Bois Jacques, and the German war cemetery at Recogne.
Luckily, we enjoyed perfect weather throughout – so different from the freezing conditions endured by the troops during the battle.
The visit ended at the guides’ HQ, an old forge in Mabompré, where David Bizley officially launched the 2022 Poppy Appeal before we were invited to enjoy some fine Wallonia beers and sandwiches ahead of the coach trip back to Brussels. Hats off to Steve Grant for organising another splendid tour!


From top: Hitler's 1940 visit to Bastogne, Johnny Bona's briefing at
101st Airborne Division Museum, flag 'liberated' by Vincent Speranza,
guide Lionel Colla on restored Sherman tank in Place McAuliffe,
inside one of the jeeps, poppy wreath in foxhole, launch of the 2022 Poppy Appeal.
Images: Steve Grant, Rob Vaughan, Dennis Abbott and US National Archives 

Stonemanor success

The Stonemanor British store in Everberg welcomed our branch Poppy Appeal volunteers on the last weekend of October and first weekend of November, ahead of Remembrance Day on 11 November 2022. Chair Zoe White and Poppy Appeal Organiser David Bizley set up a table crammed with RBL goodies, including pin badges, bags, lanyards and jewellery, as well as beautiful handmade decorations and baby socks courtesy of Ann Morley. For the first time, we deployed the new online payment terminal alongside the traditional collection tin – with impressive results. Collections were also held at Churchill’s pub in Brussels and outside Sint-Pieterskerk in Leuven. Our volunteers over the two weekends included Zoe and David, Andrée Ferrant, Ricky Rose, Colin and Brenda Puplett, Alain Brogniez, David Lees, Anthony Rose, Dennis Abbott, Laura Houlgatte, Philippa, Peter and Caitlin Chapman.


From top, at Stonemanor: David and Alain, Colin, Brenda and Alain,
Laura and Dennis, Alain and Dave. In Leuven: Andrée, Ricky and David

Poppies and Bleuets

Our NATO Poppy Appeal volunteers, including David Bizley, Group Captain Stu Andrews and Norman McNair, teamed up with the French delegation to sell poppies alongside the “bleuets de France”, from 31 October. 


Very cordiale: Teaming up with the Bleuet de France

Duty of remembrance

Branch member Mireille Picron talked about why a duty of remembrance still matters in a broadcast for Notélé, the West Flanders francophone regional TV station, on 5 November 2022. Filmed at the Chièvres airbase museum and British memorial in Isières, Mireille underlined the importance of making young people aware of the scale of sacrifice in the world wars. A former French language teacher at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) in Mons, Mireille also spoke of the warm welcome she received on joining the Brussels branch.


Mireille speaking during her interview with Notélé 

You did it, Rob

Huge congratulations to Rob Vaughan who completed his 2022 Poppy Appeal challenge of cycling 1,111km to different CWGC cemeteries all over Belgium between mid-August and Armistice Day. He hit his target on 5 November 2022 with a 50km round-trip ride from Brussels to Halle, accompanied by wife Eleanor, Steve Grant and Katherine Prudhoe. Site of the 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station during the First World War, Halle communal cemetery contains 108 Commonwealth burials. Rob and the team paid tribute at the grave of Australian Randolph McMahon MC. Originally from Sydney, Randolph enlisted as a private and reached the rank of Lieutenant. He saw action at Gallipoli and the Somme, receiving the Military Cross for a daring counter-attack at Demicourt on 15 April 1917. He survived the war but, while on leave in Brussels, he caught Spanish flu and died on 23 February 1919.

Mission accomplished:
Rob, Eleanor, Steve and Katherine

Woluwe commemoration

Alain Brogniez represented the branch during the Armistice Day commemorations in Woluwe Saint-Lambert on 11 November 2022. The ceremonies, attended by Mayor Olivier Maingain, local councillors and members of the Belgian Para-Commando Old Comrades’ Association, began at the monument aux morts at Square Joséphine-Charlotte. A group of local children laid wreaths on behalf of the VIPs and the branch. Says Alain: “It was a pleasure to see such motivated kids. We went on to the lawn of honour at the old cemetery and passed in front of every veteran’s grave. I laid a cross at the grave of Jacques Ortmans (1924-94), a war volunteer who joined the Belgian SAS Squadron in 1944, and whom I met at the Cinquantenaire Air Museum in 1983.” 

Heverlee: Queen and Ukraine remembered

The branch held its Remembrance Sunday service at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery at Heverlee on 13 November 2022. Led by branch Chaplain the Reverend Canon John Wilkinson and Chair Zoe White, the ceremony was attended by nearly 150 people, including the British Ambassador to Belgium, senior military representatives, and a large turnout of scouts and guides.
In his opening reflection, Ambassador Martin Shearman paid tribute to her late Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, patron of the RBL throughout her reign, and praised the work of the Brussels branch during its 100 years of existence.
Vice-Chairman Jean-Pierre Pede also paid tribute to Her Majesty’s service and read out the names of branch members and friends who sadly left us in 2021-22: Peter Pallett, who fought at Monte Cassino, Captain David Cable, who served with the RAF’s 136 Squadron, and Normandy veteran Roger Ellis.
One of the most poignant contributions came with a reading by Ukrainian teenager Dmytro Soloviov, a refugee from the conflict with Russia and member of 1st Waterloo International Scouts. His words, spoken in English and his native tongue, were greeted with spontaneous applause. Daphne Apuzzo and Elise Dalli of 1st Brussels Guides led a prayer for peace.
Martin Johnson, EU Director at the Scottish Government Office in Belgium, spoke movingly, recalling that two of his great uncles had lost their lives during the First World War.
The Military Wives Choir Belgium, conducted by Nigel Ward, were brilliant as ever, singing We Will Remember Them and The Poppy Red. Bagpiper Alain Breysem played Flowers of the Forest, the traditional lament during the laying of the wreaths, and Bugler Lieutenant Colonel Richard Ovey played The Last Post and Reveille. Branch Standard Bearer Freddy Roiseux led the arrival and departure of the flag bearers.

From top: Ambassador Martin Shearman, General Jérôme Goisque, Ambassador Ariadne Petridis and Lieutenant General Claude Van de Voorde pay their respects. Cross of sacrifice, David's tribute and flags lowered during the two-minute silence. Images: Rob Vaughan and David Bizley 

Senior military and civilian representatives who laid wreaths included Martin Shearman, British Ambassador to Belgium, Brigadier John Oldroyd, UK Deputy Military Representative to NATO and the European Union, Martin Johnson, EU Director at the Scottish Government Office, Eleanor Vaughan, Head of the Welsh Government Office, Ambassador Ariadne Petridis, Permanent Representative of Belgium to NATO, Lieutenant General Claude Van de Voorde, Military Representative of Belgium to NATO, Vice Admiral Scott Bishop, Military Representative of Canada to NATO, Lieutenant General Jérôme Goisque, Military Representative of France to NATO and the EU, Colonel Jason Bridges, US Delegation to NATO, Wing Commander Jesse Laroche, representing the Australian delegation to NATO and the EU. Colonel Baron Christian Houtart represented the Tenby Memorial Committee.
Wreaths were also laid by Stephen Hanson on behalf of the Royal Air Force Association (RAFA) and Philippe Lefèvre for the Brussels branch of the RBL. Brussels Poppy Appeal Organiser David Bizley also laid a wreath in memory of his grandfather, Lance Serjeant Albert Sidney Fendt, who served with the 2nd Battalion Royal Norfolk Regiment and was killed in action in Burma on 24 January 1945.
James Franey, European correspondent of the Daily Mail and a supporter of the branch, received a wooden cross in memory of his grandfather, John Franey DFC and bar, who passed away aged 100 on 10 November (obituary below). John, who served with the RAF’s 100 Squadron and 105 Squadron, was a volunteer in Bomber Command’s Pathfinder Force, marking targets for D-Day, and one of the few to have completed more than 100 missions during the Second World War.
The commemoration was impeccably organised by Phil Hyde and his team, who included David Bizley, Anthony Rose, Ricky Rose, Steve Grant, Joshua Harris and photographer Rob Vaughan. After the ceremony, several branch members enjoyed a very pleasant lunch at the Bleu Blanc in Oud-Heverlee.


James Franey DFC and bar: obituary published in The Times 

Whopping Poppy Appeal

Reporting on 7 December 2022, Vice-President and Treasurer Jean-Pierre Pede announced that current receipts from the 2022 Poppy Appeal stood at a whopping €12,863 – with some collections still to come in. Congratulations to Poppy Appeal Organiser David Bizley and all the volunteers who gave up their time to make it one of the most successful years yet. Special mentions were due to Jackie Farbridge who, as every year, collected across schools in the Liège area, raising €607, and Mireille Picron, who brought in €513 from her neighbourhood in Isières, as well as €2,000 raised at NATO during daily collections in the weeks leading up to Remembrance Day.

Centenary AGM

The annual general meeting at Den Engel in Tervuren on 6 January 2023 attracted a larger-than-usual turnout, no doubt due to the decision to combine it with a centenary celebration. Chair Zoe White opened the meeting with the traditional Exhortation, before inviting committee members to give oral summaries of their written reports on the previous year’s activities. Vice-Chair and Honorary Treasurer Jean-Pierre Pede gave an overview of the branch’s financial situation, noting the success of the Poppy Appeal (see previous item) and recommending that annual membership fees remain at €25. Overall membership stands at 99, with an average age of 63.
Dennis Abbott reported on community support and the branch history, while Alain Brogniez highlighted the continued success of the Facebook page, which now has more than 1,000 followers, based all over Europe. David Bizley said recent donations meant that the amount raised during the 2022 Poppy Appeal campaign had swelled to more than €13,000. Steve Grant spoke about the year’s battlefield tours, which raised an impressive €1,195, and outlined plans for new tours in 2023.
Rodolphe Lancksweert took the floor to update members on events organised by the Tenby Memorial Committee, formed to commemorate the creation of the Free Belgian Forces in Wales in 1940. Relatives of members of the wartime units will address a seminar at UCLouvain on 3 February and the memorial committee is hosting a special weekend event in Tenby on 23-24 September.      
Michele Davison and Philippe Lefevre were elected as joint recruitment officers. 
Michele, 58, an ombudswoman for the city of Brussels, is the daughter of Royal Tank Regiment veteran Michael Davison, who took part in the liberation of the city in September 1944. He met her Belgian mother, Maria Van Beveren, and, following their marriage in 1947, decided to stay in his adopted country. Michele’s great-grandfather, Lance Serjeant David Griffiths of the 7th Battalion Border Regiment, was killed in the First World War and lies in Brandhoek Military Cemetery near Ypres.
Philippe Lefevre, 24, a security and defence consultant, pledged to help target new younger members.
Michael Whitburn and Scott Wilson indicated a willingness to take up the reins as joint newsletter coordinators. 


New recruitment officer Michele Davison with treasured family photographs showing
her father Michael serving with the British Army of the Rhine in Bielefeld in 1947 and her
parents on a visit to England in 1948 for mother Maria's first meeting with her new in-laws 


Youth target: fellow new recruitment officer Philippe Lefevre

100th birthday celebration

Originally planned to take place in September, the centenary celebration was postponed due to the death of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. At the end of the AGM, Chair Zoe White invited members to enjoy some bubbly and a slice (or two) of a wonderful cake, procured by Alain Brogniez. Zoe thanked members for their support and Jean-Pierre Pede raised a toast to King Charles III.


Top: Members at the centenary AGM at Den Engel in Tervuren
Below: Zoe cuts the 100th birthday cake. Images: David Bizley

Thank you, Belgium

Without its dedicated Belgian members and supporters, it is doubtful that the Brussels branch would still be flourishing after 100 years. The friendships it has fostered – not to mention more than a few marriages (in 1956 the Daily Express reported 6,000 British-Belgian couples had tied the knot after the war) – are a concrete expression of the close and enduring Anglo-Belgian relationship, despite the occasional bump in the road. Here’s to the next 100 years!

Acknowledgements

This history was produced to mark two centenaries – the creation of the Legion in 1921 and the Brussels branch in 1922. It is intended to celebrate the achievements of the many hundreds of dedicated members who supported the branch over the years, and to draw attention to why it still matters.
The story of the Brussels branch is intended to be a living document that can be updated with new contributions and photographs, so please don’t hesitate to get in touch.
I would particularly like to thank the 2022 branch committee for their ideas and encouragement:
Zoe White (Chair), Jean-Pierre Pede (Vice-Chairman, Membership Secretary and Treasurer), Andrée Ferrant (Hon Secretary), David Bizley (Poppy Appeal Organiser), Alain Brogniez (Facebook Coordinator), Phil Hyde (News and Events Coordinator), Freddy Roiseux (Standard Bearer), Canon John Wilkinson (Chaplain), Steve Grant (Member, Battlefield Tours), Ann Morley (Member).
I am also grateful for feedback from current and former members, supporters and contributors including Colin and Brenda Puplett, Rainer Hiltermann, Ed Read Cutting, Andrew Fisher, Greg Ruthven, Michael Whitburn, the late Claire Whitfield, and Patrice-Emmanuel Schmitz. Thank you also to the National Library of Belgium for providing access to its newspaper archives and for allowing us to re-publish some of the images.
For patience beyond the call of duty, thanks also to my wife and fellow branch member Laura Houlgatte Abbott. 

Dennis Abbott
Branch Historian and Chair
January 2024


Dennis serving on Operation TELIC in Iraq in 2003 where he was attached
to 7th Armoured Brigade then 19th Mechanized Brigade
 

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.